First Year Experience
Search databases to find articles in peer-reviewed journals, magazines, newspapers, reference sources, and other publications. Access from off campus with your FSC username and password.
Use the "Search Everything" tab on the Library’s homepage to search across all library collections, including books, ebooks, journals, magazines, newspapers, and other publications.
Academic Search Complete
Articles from peer-reviewed journals, newspapers, and magazines useful for many subjects. A great place to get started with research.
Alexander Street Videos (AVON)
Educational films on a wide range of topics. Includes options to view films in short segments and read transcripts.
Opposing Viewpoints in Context
Information on controversial issues. Articles from academic journals, magazines, and reference books, audio of news reporting and interviews, videos, statistics, geographic data, and more. Covers a range of topics.
Points of View Reference Center
Information on controversial issues. Topic overviews, essays, articles from magazines and newspapers, government documents, and transcripts news reporting. Covers a range of topics.
Research in Context
Articles, books, images, biographies, audio, video, magazines, newspapers, and primary sources.Topics include cultures, government, people, U.S. history, world history, geography, literature, science, social issues, and more.
Proquest Research Library
Articles from academic journals, trade publications, and magazines across many subjects.
Topic overviews, including biographies, articles, and media. Covers a wide range of subjects.
Academic Video Online (AVON)
Educational films on a wide range of topics.
Search for textbooks by course number via this list of textbooks on reserve. Also search by title in the Library's catalog. Request textbooks at the Circulation Desk and use for up to two hours in the Library. Call numbers are designated by course number, e.g. FRX 101
- Circulating Books: Located on the Lower Level. Check out up to 10 books for 2 weeks at a time with your FSC ID
- Reference Books: Located on the First Floor. Must be used within the Library. Includes encyclopedias, handbooks, dictionaries, test prep books, etc.
Search for ebooks via the "Books and eBooks" tab on the Library website. Search by topic, title, author, etc. View materials as a PDF and access from off campus with your FSC username and password.
Find statistics through the following resources:
Opposing Viewpoints in Context
Statistics and other resources on current and controversial issues.
Find statistics from governmental agencies by adding "site:.gov" to the end of a Google search. For example, if you’re looking for statistics on high school graduation rates, searching high school graduation rates site:.gov would bring back information and statistics from the U.S. Department of Education (ed.gov) and other government agencies.
Citing Sources in MLA Style
See below for basic guidelines and examples of MLA citation style.
Test your knowledge of MLA format with this quiz.
Why you need to cite sources:
- Citing sources is the only way to use other people’s work without plagiarizing (i.e. if you are using any resource [journal article, book, website, report, interview, etc.], you NEED to give credit to the original source).
- The readers of your work need citations to learn more about your ideas and where they came from.
- Citing sources shows the amount of research you’ve done.
- Citing sources strengthens your work by lending outside support to your ideas.
In-text citations give credit to sources in the body of your paper. Use in-text citations when paraphrasing, directly quoting, or using ideas from sources.
- MLA citation style uses the author-page method for in-text citations: Author(s)’ last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text.
- Last names may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence.
In-Text Citation Examples
Example 1. Writers should ask questions that will result in interesting answers (Zinsser 100).
Example 2. Zinsser notes that writers should ask questions about interesting experiences in their subjects' lives (100).
Example 3. Writers should ask their subjects "questions that will elicit answers about what is most interesting or vivid in their lives" (Zinsser 100).
In-Text Citations vs. Works Cited Page
In text citations are brief, providing only some information about the resource being referenced. These citations must match up to a full citation in the Works Cited page.
In text citations show readers where to find more information, by directing them to an entry in the Works Cited page. The Works Cited page provides much more information about the resource, so readers will be able to locate it and consult the original source.
Example 1. The above in-text citations correspond to the following full citation, which would appear in the Works Cited page:
Zinsser, William. On Writing Well: The Classic Guide to Writing Nonfiction. Harper Collins, 1976.
Works Cited Page
The Works Cited page lists complete citations which correspond to in-text citations. The word or phrase you use in your in-text citations must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry in your Works Cited page.
- Separate page labeled “Works Cited,” double-spaced, same margins, etc. as rest of paper.
- Indent the second and subsequent lines of citations by 0.5 inches to create a hanging indent.
- Alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.
- Authors' names are inverted (last name, first name; middle name/initial).
- If a work has no known author, use a shortened version of the title.
Capitalization and Punctuation
- Capitalize each word in the titles of articles, books, etc, but do not capitalize articles (the, an), prepositions, or conjunctions unless one is the first word of the title or subtitle, e.g. Gone with the Wind.
- Use italics (instead of underlining) for titles of larger works (books, magazines) and quotation marks for titles of shorter works (poems, articles).
Works Cited Page Examples
Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.
Example: Zinsser, William. On Writing Well. The Classic Guide to Writing Nonfiction. HarperCollins, 1976.
Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, volume number, issue number, Date Month Year,
pages, Database, DOI or URL.
Note: include the URL if there is no DOI
Example: Matsumura, Lindsay Clare, et al. "Classroom Writing Tasks and Students' Analytic Text-Based Writing" Reading
Research Quarterlr, vol. 50, no. 4, Oct.-Dec. 2015, pp. 417-38. Education Full Text (H.W. Wilson), doi:10. 1002/rrq.110.
A Page on a Website / Web document
List as much of the following information as possible (you sometimes have to hunt around to find the information).
Author Last Name, First Name/Organization. ''Title of Page" Name of Website, Date of Publication, URL, Date Accessed.
Example: Rodburg, Maxi ne, and Tutors of the Writing Center at Harvard University. "Developing a Thesis." Harvard University,
1999, writingcenter.fas harvard edu/pages/developing-thesis. Accessed 20 Mar. 2017.
Author (s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pages
Example: Fani, Anthony "Tips For College Students Searching For Internships" Philadelphia Tribune, 18 Oct. 2016, p. 14.
Video and audio sources need to be documented using the same basic guidelines for citing print sources in MLA style. Include as much descriptive information as necessary to help readers understand the type and nature of the source you are citing. If the author’s name is the same as the uploader, only cite the author once. If the author is different from the uploader, cite the author’s name before the title.
McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube, uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkdzy9bWW3E.
NoodleTools is a citation manager that can help you generate and format citations correctly.
- Select the type of resource you are citing (article, book, website, etc.) and NoodleTools will prompt you to enter required information. A citation is then generated in your selected format (MLA).
- NoodleTools requires an account, so every time you log in your citations will be saved for you.
- When you are finished entering information, a reference list can be generated for you and exported to MS Word or Google Docs.
For more details and examples of MLA citation style, visit the following websites:
Visit the Writing Center, located on the Third Floor of Greenley Hall.
Consult Farmingdale State College’s Handbook on Writing Research Papers.
More research paper guides:
RESEARCH HELP | Have a question? Librarians are available to assist you during all open hours.