MLA Style Guide

The Basic Format for PRINT Journal Articles:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.

Note: Invert only the first author’s name. Capitalize all words in title of article and title of journal, except words like the, and, of, in, etc.


One Author

Flaspohler, Molly. “Information Literacy Program Assessment: One Small College Takes the Plunge.” Reference Services Review 31.2 (2003): 129-40. Print.

Two Authors

Huffman, Matt. L. and Philip N. Cohen. “Racial Wage Inequality: Job Segregation and Devaluation Across U.S.Labor Markets.” American Journal of Sociology 109.2 (2004): 902-36. Print.

Multiple Authors

Watson, Malcolm, Kurt Fischer, Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, and Kevin W. Smith. “Pathways to Aggression in Children and Adolescents.” Harvard Educationa l Review 74.5 (2004): 404-30. Print.

The Basic Format for Books:

Author(s)Last name, First Name. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Calfee, Robert. C., & Richard R. Valencia. APA Guide to Preparing Manuscripts for Journal Publication.Washington,DC:  American Psychological Association, 1991. Print.

MLA Style Parenthetical Citation (Citing sources in the body of your paper)

Sample paragraph 1

           Berners-Lee, Hendler, and Lassila provide a deceptively simplistic description of the semantic web:  “For the semantic web to function, computers must have access to structured collections of information and sets of inference rules that they can use to conduct automated reasoning” (37). However, they note that this version of knowledge representation is still an unrealized possibility. A term that has grown up along side the Semantic Web is “ontology.” Again, Berners-Lee, Hendler, and Lassila provide a simplistic definition: “An ontology is a document or file that formally defines the relations among terms” (40). Bates balks at the overuse or misuse of the term “ontology.” She claims that what is now being called an ontology is in fact just a type of “classification, thesaurus, set of concept clusters, or whatever.”  (125). Despite the somewhat ill-chosen adoption of the word, the term “ontology” has stuck, and the need for ontologies to support the Semantic Web is well documented.

Sample paragraph 2

           Before coding all data, a sample of three libraries was examined to inductively develop categories for coding. “The development of inductive categories allows researchers to link or ground these categories to the data from which they derive” (Berg 246). Eighteen categories were developed based on the types of links present in thi s preliminary sample. These categories, listed below, were meant to describe the “is-a” qualities of the linked areas.

For more information: 

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