Facebook Twitter YouTube RSS

MLA - Citing Electronic Resources

Your list of sources page is called Works Cited in MLA

Important Note on the Use of URLs in MLA MLA no longer requires the use of URLs in MLA citations. Because Web addresses are not static (i.e. they change often) and because documents sometimes appear in multiple places on the Web (e.g. on multiple databases), MLA explains that most readers can find electronic sources via title or author searches in Internet Search Engines. The first line of each citation is at the left margin and the remainder of the lines are indented 5 spaces. The citations are double spaced.

Basic Style for Citations of Electronic Sources

Here are some common features you should try and find before citing electronic sources in MLA style. Always include as much information as is available/applicable:

Author and/or editor names
Name of the database, or title of project, book, article
Any version numbers available
Date of version, revision, or posting
Publisher information
Date you accessed the material

An Entire Web Page

List as much of the following information as possible

Editor, or Author, or Compiler. Author Last Name, First Name, Name of Site, Name of Institution, date of resource creation, Medium of Publication, Date of access.

Smith, Jane. Guide to Library Research, Farmingdale State College, 28 Nov. 2003. Web. 10 February 2010.

Article from an Online Periodical

Author Last name, First name, "Title of article" Title of Online Periodical Volume Issue number(Publication Year) Place of access. Date of Access.

Doe, Robert. “Communication Strategies.” The International Communications Journal6.2 (2008): n. pag. Web. 20 May 2009.


Author of message Last name, First name. "Subject Line of email" State to whom the Message was sent Date message was sentMedium of Publication.

Klein, Andrew. “RE: Angel Class.” Message to April Hume. 15 February 2010. E-mail.

Online Forum or Discussion Board Posting

Editor, Screen name or Author. "Posting Title."Name of Site.Version number (if available). Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher). Medium of publication. Date of access. Medium of Publication.

Green0415 [Georgia Navez]. “Re: Best Strategy: Fenced Pastures vs. Max Number of Rooms?” BoardGameGeek. BoardGameGeek, 29 Sept. 2009. Web. 1 Mar. 2010.

Audio / Sound Recordings / Podcasts

Composer. "Individual Song Title." Album nameName of recording manufacturer, Publication Year. Medium. Medium of Publication.

Foo Fighters. In Your Honor. RCA, 2005. CD.

Nirvana. "Smells Like Teen Spirit." Nevermind. Geffen, 1991. Audiocassette.

Video and DVD's

"Episode Name."Series NameWriter or Director. Distributor Name, Year of Publication. Medium.

The One Where Chandler Can't Cry." Friends: The Complete Sixth Season. Writ. Andrew Reich and Ted Cohen. Dir. Kevin Bright. Warner Brothers, 2004. DVD.

Note: You may choose to include information about directors, writers, performers, producers between the title and the distributor name. Use appropriate abbreviations for these contributors (e.g. dir., writ., perf., prod.).

Source: The Owl at Purdue https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/08/