Online articles follow the same guidelines for printed articles. Include all information the online host makes available, including an issue number in parentheses.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Publication Year). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number (issue number if available). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Bernstein, M. (2002). 10 tips on writing the living Web. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, 149. Retrieved from http://www.alistapart.com/articles/writeliving
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Publication Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number. doi: 0000000/000000000000
Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8 . doi: 10.1108/03090560710821161
Online scholarly journal articles without a DOI require a URL .
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Publication Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8. Retrieved from http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html
Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper . Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times . Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
When referencing material obtained from an online database (such as a database in the library), provide appropriate print citation information (formatted just like a "normal" print citation would be for that type of work).For articles that are easily located, do not provide database information. If the article is difficult to locate, then you can provide database information.
Smyth, A. M., Parker, A. L., & Pease, D. L. (2002). A study of enjoyment of peas. Journal of Abnormal Eating, 8(3), 120-125.
List as much of the following information as possible (you sometimes have to hunt around to find the information. If there is a page like http://www.somesite.com/somepage.htm, and somepage.htm doesn't have the information you're looking for, move up the URL to http://www.somesite.com/):
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Publication Year). Title of document. Retrieved from http://Web address.
Smyth, A.M., Parker, A.L. (2002). Recipes for peas. Retrieved from www.recipes.com
NOTE : When an Internet document is more than one Web page, provide a URL that links to the home page or entry page for the document. Also, if there is no date available for the document use (n.d.) for no date.
If there is no author, begin with the document page title.
Recipes for Peas. (2002). Retrieved August 29, 2011, from Recipes website: http://www.recipes.com.
When citing online lecture notes, be sure to provide the file format in brackets after the lecture title (e.g. PowerPoint slides, Word document).
Roberts, K. F. (1998). Federal regulations of chemicals in the environment [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://siri.uvm.edu/ppt/40hrenv/index.html
E-mails are not included in the list of references, though you parenthetically cite them in your main text: (E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2010).
Include the title of the message, and the URL of the newsgroup or discussion board. Please note that titles for items in online communities (e.g. blogs, newsgroups, forums) are not italicized. If the author's name is not available, provide the screen name. Place identifiers like post or message numbers, if available, in brackets. If available, provide the URL where the message is archived (e.g. "Message posted to..., archived at...").
Frook, B. D. (1999, July 23). New inventions in the cyberworld of toylandia [Msg 25]. Message posted to http://groups.earthlink.com/forum/messages/00025.html
For all podcasts, provide as much information as possible; not all of the following information will be available. Possible addition identifiers may include Producer, Director, etc.
Bell, T. & Phillips, T. (2008, May 6). A solar flare. Science @ NASA Podcast . Podcast retrieved from http://science.nasa.gov/podcast.htm
Provide as much information as possible; not all of the following information will be available. Possible addition identifiers may include Producer, Director, etc.
Scott, D. (Producer). (2007, January 5). The community college classroom [Episode 7]. Adventures in Education . Podcast retrieved from http://www.adveeducation.com
Farmingdale State College last updated: February 8, 2012 http://www.farmingdale.edu/library/apaelectronic.html
Source: The Owl at Perdue, APA Reference List