# Courses

## CSC 251 Discrete Structures

The study of discrete mathematics forms the foundation for the theory and practice of computer science. This course discusses the fundamentals of logic, proofs, sets, functions, relations, recursion, recurrence relations, mathematical induction, graphs, trees, basic counting theory, regular languages, and context free grammars. Prerequisite(s): MTH 150 or MTH 130 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (4,0)

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## AET 101 Internal Combustion Engine Theory and Servicing

This is a theory/laboratory course designed to introduce the student to basic heat engine types, their physical configurations and various engine operating cycles. Analytic pressure-volume diagrams are utilized to illustrate the effects of gasoline engine design on performance and combustion requirements. Topics discussed include design, construction, inspection techniques and servicing of the internal combustion engine and its components. Laboratory activities are performed to provide relevant hands-on experience to the students. Also engine aspiration, combustion using the principles of fluid dynamics and thermodynamics, volumetric efficiency and fuel metering systems will be discussed in this course. Corequisite(s): AET 101L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 100

## AET 104 Combustion Engine Theory

This is a theory course designed to introduce the student to basic heat engine types, their physical configurations and various engine operating cycles. Analytic pressure-volume diagrams are utilized to illustrate the effects of gasoline engine design on performance and combustion requirements. Engine-vehicle performance parameters are analyzed, utilizing individual and group problem solving techniques.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 100

## AET 105 Fuel Systems - SI Engines

This is a theory/laboratory course developed to give the student a basic understanding of spark ignited internal combustion engine fuel systems. Topics discussed include engine aspiration and combustion using the principles of fluid dynamics and thermodynamics as they apply to the intake, exhaust, volumetric efficiency and fuel metering systems. Engine air/fuel requirements are examined along with state of the art fuel delivery systems (carburation and fuel injection), with consideration given to fuel economy and exhaust emissions. Performance characteristics of SI Engines utilizing alternate types of fuels are also examined. Related laboratory activities and demonstrations are included in the required laboratory section (AET105L).
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 100

## AET 106 Suspension and Control Systems

This is a theory/laboratory course designed to provide a thorough understanding of the design, construction and operation of automotive chassis and suspension systems. Topics will include a study of the vehicle frame, suspension, steering, wheels, tires and braking systems. Emphasis is directed to the analysis of the vehicle's systems during operation. Related laboratory activities and demonstrations are included in the required laboratory section (AET106L).
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 100

## AET 107 Manual Drivetrains and Driveaxles

This is a theory/laboratory course designed to provide a thorough understanding of the vehicle's drive train. Topics will include the design, construction, inspection techniques, and service and associated repair operations of the drivetrain and driveaxle components. The topics will include clutches, propeller shafts, universal joints, CV joints, manual transmissions, differentials and other components used in both front and rear wheel drive systems. Related laboratory activities and demonstrations are included in the required laboratory section. Corequisite: AET 107L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 100

## AET 109 Automotive Electrical Principles

This is an automotive theory course designed to introduce students to basic automotive-oriented electrical principles as they relate to both A.C. and D.C. circuits utilized in contemporary automotive electrical systems.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 100

## AET 150 Automotive Computer Applications

This is a theory/laboratory course designed to introduce the student to basic computer utilization and programming. Topics include a thorough introduction to personal computers, instruction in and development of basic programming. Students will be required to develop basic programs for technical automotive problem solving and practical automotive applications. Extensive use of the computer laboratory will be provided in the required laboratory section (AET150L).
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 100

## AET 208 Automotive Electrical Applications

This is a theory/laboratory course designed to introduce the student to basic automotive-oriented electrical principles as they relate to both A.C. and D.C. circuits utilized in contemporary automotive electrical systems. The course also covers automotive electrical and electronic systems and their application. The student is required to utilize and understand the operation of various types of electronic equipment, including both computerized engine and emissions analyzers. Related laboratory activities and demonstrations are included in the required laboratory section (AET 208L). Prerequisite(s): AET 150 or MET 109
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 200

## AET 215 Diesel Engines

This is a theory/laboratory course emphasizing in the diesel engine operations and servicing. Topics will include the study of current high-pressure diesel fuel-injection systems and the diesel engine combustion process with respect to fuel injection and combustion changer design. Specific examination of design and performance characteristics of diesel engine air induction, scavenging, supercharging and turbo-charging systems will be covered. Students will also analyze engine governing methods and devices necessary for control, as well as current methods and devices utilized in solving common diesel engine starting problems. Relevant laboratory activities and demonstrations are provided to support the trainings provided during the lecture hours. Prerequisite(s): AET 101 or AET 104 Corequisite: AET 215L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 200

## AET 216 Engineering Measurements

This is a theory/laboratory course designed to provide an understanding of engineering measurements theory, methods and devices utilized in today's technology. Topics will include examination of industrial methods of testing, analysis and reporting in the areas of pressure, temperature, speed (time and velocity), fluid flow and exhaust emissions and the testing of common fuels and lubricants. Also included is the evaluation of a series of gasoline engine performance tests and their resulting data, including computer programmed computation and graphical analysis of the completed testing, as presented in a student developed technical paper. Typical engineering measurement instruments and devices will be encountered and utilized in laboratory support of the course (AET216L). Prerequisite(s): AET 150
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 200

## AET 217 Applied Mechanics and Engineering Materials

This course is designed to introduce the fundamental principles of applied engineering mechanics and materials. Topics include forces, couples, equilibrium, friction, kinematics of rectilinear and rotational motion, work, energy and power. Principles and applications of hydraulics are also discussed. Engineering materials topics include classifications, structure, properties, phase transformation and heat treatment of metals, inspection and testing techniques of automotive engineering materials. Related problem-solving activities are included. Prerequisite(s): PHY 135 and MTH 130
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 200

## AET 218 Applied Manufacturing Processes

This is a theory/laboratory course designed to introduce the student to basic manufacturing processes and machine tool operations. Topics covered are casting, cold and hot metal forming, machining and joining processes. Related laboratory activities include projects and experiments with technical reports. Individual laboratory projects will be assigned to each student to reinforce the topics covered in the theory. NOTE: Students completing this course may not receive credit for MET 117. Prerequisite(s): AET 101 and AET 107
• Level: 200
• Credits: 2 (1,3)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 200

## AET 255 Computerized Engine Controls

This is a theory/laboratory course developed to provide the student with a working understanding of automotive electronics and computerized engine control systems. The course includes computerized fuel and emission control systems, with emphasis on the diagnosis of basic engine malfunctions. The student will also analyze the principles and operation of feedback type systems. Electronic diagnostic equipment is used to identify system malfunctions in order to indicate necessary corrective actions. Laboratory activities provide an opportunity for a practical application of diagnostic procedures on current vehicles which is covered in the laboratory section (AET255L). Prerequisite(s): AET 208
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 200

## AET 257 Automatic Transmissions

This is a theory/laboratory course dealing with the transmission of power in automobiles, emphasizing contemporary automatic transmissions. Topics covered include applications of the principles of the planetary gear systems, fluids, seals, hydrodynamic drives, hydraulic controls and application devices. The power flow within selected automatic transmissions is discussed and is supported with related activities in the required laboratory section (AET257L). Prerequisite(s): AET 107
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 200

## AET 290 Project Seminar

This course is designed to provide the student with the challenge of an independent project. Requirements will include the completion of an extensive faculty approved research/construction project. This project must be related to the automotive field. The student is responsible for the original project concept, which must be supported by preliminary, progress and final technical reports. A video-taped oral presentation is also required. Note: Students cannot get credit for AET 290 and 290W; AET 290W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the Automotive Department.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 1 (0,2)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 200

## AET 410 Senior Project

An independent investigation of a technical or managerial problem of interest to both the student and a faculty member who shall act as Project Advisor. The project selected will utilize skills and knowledge acquired in earlier AET studies. Prerequisite(s): Senior status and permission of the Department Chair Note: Students cannot get credit for AET410 and 410W; AET 410W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 400

## AET 490 Selected Topics in Automotive Management Technology

Courses that range from 490-499 are selected topics of current interest in Automotive Engineering Technology. Prerequisite: Senior status and/or permission of the Chair/Faculty.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 to 3 (1,0 to 9)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 400

## AET 491 Special Topics: Internship

Selected topics of current interest in Automotive Engineering Technology. Prerequisite: Senior status and/or permission of the Chair/ Faculty.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 to 3 (1,3 to 9)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 400

## AET 492 Special Topics: Electric Vehicle

Selected topics of current interest in Automotive Engineering Technology. Prerequisite: Senior status and/or permission of the Chair/Faculty.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 to 3 (1,3 to 9)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 400

## AET 493 Special Topics: Hybrid Electrical Vehicle

Selected topics of current interest in Automotive Engineering Technology. Prerequisite: Senior Status and/or permission of the Chair/Faculty.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 to 3 (1,3 to 9)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 400

## AET 494 Sp Topics in Auto Mgmt Tech

No Description Found
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 to 3 (1,3 to 9)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 400

## AET 495 Sp topics in Auto Mgmt Tech

No Description Found
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 to 3 (1,3 to 9)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 400

## AET 496 Sp topics in Auto Mgmt Tech

No Description Found
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 to 3 (1,3 to 9)
AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY 400

## AFR 101 The Foundations of the U.S. Air Force I

This is a survey course designed to introduce students to the United States Air Force and provides an overview of the basic characteristics, missions, and organization of the Air Force. The course covers the history and structure of the US Air Force, the Air Force's capabilities, career opportunities, benefits, and Air Force installations.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
AIR FORCE ROTC 100

## AFR 102 The Foundations of the U.S. Air Force II

This course is a continuation of study associated with AFR 102.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
AIR FORCE ROTC 100

## AFR 201 The Evolution of U.S. Air and Space Power I

This course features topics on Air Force heritage and leaders; introduction to air power through examination of the Air Force Core Functions; and continued application of communication skills. Its purpose is to instill an appreciation of the development and employment of air power.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
AIR FORCE ROTC 200

## AFR 202 The Evolution of U.S. Air and Space Power II

This course is a continuation of study associated with AFR 201.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
AIR FORCE ROTC 200

## AFR 301 Air Force Leadership and Management I

This course is a study of leadership, management, professional knowledge, Air Force personnel and evaluation systems, leadership ethics, evaluation systems, and the communication skills required of an Air Force junior officer. Case studies are used to examine Air Force leadership and management situations as a means of demonstrating and exercising practical applications of the concepts being studied. Prerequisite(s): AFR 101, AFR 102, AFR 201, AFR 202
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AIR FORCE ROTC 300

## AFR 302 Air Force Leadership and Management II

This course is a continuation of study associated with AFR 301. Prerequisite(s): AFR 101, AFR 102, AFR 201, AFR 202
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AIR FORCE ROTC 300

## AFR 401 National Security Affairs/Prep for Active Duty I

This course examines the national security process, regional studies, advanced leadership ethics, and Air Force doctrine. Special topics of interest focus on the military as a profession, officer ship, military justice, civilian control of the military, preparation for active duty, and current issues affecting military professionalism. Within this structure, continued emphasis is given to refining communication skills. Prerequisite(s): AFR 101, AFR 102, AFR 201, AFR 202
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AIR FORCE ROTC 400

## AFR 402 National Security Affairs/Prep for Active Duty II

This course is a continuation of study associated with AFR 401. Prerequisite(s): AFR 101, AFR 102, AFR 201, AFR 202
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AIR FORCE ROTC 400

## ANT 100 Introduction to Anthropology

Anthropology is the scientific study of human-kind. This course offers an introduction to its four major sub-fields, namely; Physical or Biological anthropology (human evolution, the fossil record, ethology); Archaeology (extinct cultures, classical civilizations, pre-history); Linguistics (language origins, development, diffusion, structure, and change); Sociocultural Anthropology (pioneers in the field, cross-cultural research, case studies, and the future). By focusing on the broad cultural implications and complexities of social communication and interaction, anthropology seeks to understand the whole human experience.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 100

## ANT 110 Sociocultural Anthropology

Sociocultural Anthropology is concerned with examination of the social and cultural similarities and differences in the world's human populations. Subsistence patterns, social organization, economic structures, political systems, religion and creative behavior are the major areas we cover. By examining examples ranging from small gathering and hunting groups to large modern day communities, this course provides a broad perspective of the sociocultural realities of our world.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 100

## ANT 120 Archaeology

Archaeology is the study of the cultural evolution of humankind using the material remains of past human behavior. This course introduces the methods, logic and history of archaeology through an examination of several ancient civilizations as understood through their architecture and artifacts. Topics include theoretical issues, fieldwork, and interpretation of artifacts and reconstruction of past cultural patterns. Examples will be drawn from such cities and civilizations as Mesopotamia, Crete, Troy, Ancient Egypt, Pompeii, and North and South America. Students will visit at least one relevant site, exhibit or museum as a course requirement.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 100

## ANT 130 Indigenous Peoples of North America

This course provides a comprehensive history of the human groups who populated North America before, during and after settler-colonialists brought the culture, politics and economics of Europe to North America. Students will be introduced to the anthropological literature concerned with the study and understanding of Indigenous cultures and societies. Students will learn about the dynamic Indigenous heritages, languages, knowledge, technology, arts, and values that have been passed on through the generations.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 100

## ANT 210 Modern Anthropology and Globalization

Cultural change and the social processes involved are major areas of cultural anthropological research. By introducing students to the application of anthropological methodologies such as field work and cross-cultural comparison, the course examines some of the major issues which confront human beings in a complex rapidly growing and changing world including: globalization, migration and immigration, population changes, social conflict, agricultural/technological development, nutrition, commodity/cultural exchange, and the future of small scale homogeneous societies. Prerequisite(s): Any 100 level social science or business course.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 211 Caribbean Cultures

This course covers: pre-European cultures in the Caribbean, the post-Columbus plantation system, contemporary economics and politics, community structure, religion, marriage and family, ethnic diversity, immigration and the arts. An in-depth study of these topics will provide knowledge, understanding and appreciation of this region while offering insights into the development of communities in the U.S. with Caribbean heritage.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 212 Introduction to Medical Anthropology

Medical Anthropology is a subfield of Anthropology that draws upon social, cultural, biological, and linguistic anthropology to better understand those factors which influence health and well being (broadly defined), the experience and distribution of illness, the prevention and treatment of sickness, healing processes, the social relations of therapy management, and the cultural importance and utilization of pluralistic medical systems. (SMA) This course introduces students to the subject and basic methods used in cross-cultural comparisons and research, as well as providing a better understanding of Western and non-Western perceptions and treatments of the body and health issues. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101, ANT 100 or SOC 122 or SOC 228 or BIO with lab
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 220 Topics in Anthropology

Courses that range from 220-229 are special topics courses. This course provides the opportunity to study, explore, examine and analyze areas of special, short-term interest in anthropology. Each topic builds on knowledge learned in the 100 level courses. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 221 Special Topics in Anthropology

This course provides the opportunity to study, explore, examine and analyze areas of special, short-term interest in anthropology. Each topic builds on knowledge learned in the 100 level courses. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 222 Special Topics in Anthropology

This course provides the opportunity to study, explore, examine and analyze areas of special, short-term interest in anthropology. Each topic builds on knowledge learned in the 100 level courses. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 223 Special Topics in Anthropology

This course provides the opportunity to study, explore, examine and analyze areas of special, short-term interest in anthropology. Each topic builds on knowledge learned in the 100 level courses. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 224 Special Topics in Anthropology

This course provides the opportunity to study, explore, examine and analyze areas of special, short-term interest in anthropology. Each topic builds on knowledge learned in the 100 level courses. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 225 Special Topics in Anthropology

This course provides the opportunity to study, explore, examine and analyze areas of special, short-term interest in anthropology. Each topic builds on knowledge learned in the 100 level courses. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 226 Special Topics in Anthropology

This course provides the opportunity to study, explore, examine and analyze areas of special, short-term interest in anthropology. Each topic builds on knowledge learned in the 100 level courses. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 227 Special Topics in Anthropology

This course provides the opportunity to study, explore, examine and analyze areas of special, short-term interest in anthropology. Each topic builds on knowledge learned in the 100 level courses. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 228 Special Topics in Anthropology

This course provides the opportunity to study, explore, examine and analyze areas of special, short-term interest in anthropology. Each topic builds on knowledge learned in the 100 level courses. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 229 Special Topics in Anthropology

This course provides the opportunity to study, explore, examine and analyze areas of special, short-term interest in anthropology. Each topic builds on knowledge learned in the 100 level courses. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 240 Gender and Social Change

This course studies men's and women's changing roles, relationships, and participation in the labor force both cross-culturally and historically. We give special emphasis to those changes which occur as technology changes. A major part of the course concerns how and why today's women and men arrive at their social, economic, political and legal statuses. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for SOC 240.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 250 Forensic Anthropology

This course provides a broad overview of Forensic Anthropology- an applied field within Anthropology- dealing with the osteological (skeletal anatomy and biology) analysis of human remains. We will employ and discuss scientific methods used to explore and a broad range of problems associated with identification and trauma analysis using data gathering methods such as: characteristics of the human skeleton; identification of ancestry, age, sex; recovery methods; use of appropriate technologies for analysis, including DNA. Prerequisite(s):Any BIO with lab and ANT 100 or ANT 110 or SOC 122
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 200

## ANT 300 Africanisms in the Americas

In providing the largest body of slave labor in known history, Africans changed the cultures of all inhabitants of the Americas and were themselves changed in the process. From cuisine to crafts, technologies to the arts, pan-Africans have influenced our language, music, philosophies, and social policies in ways both direct and subtle. Utilizing a four-field approach, this course will look at the migrations from Africa to the rest of the world through DNA markers, material and social culture; explore the changing meanings and presentations of pan-Africans in literature, religion, art, and film; discover some of the ways in which scientists and social scientists trace physical and cultural artifacts, and note some of the controversies and contexts for cultural claims. Prerequisites: ANT 100; or ANT 110; or ANT 120; or SOC 122; or SOC 150, and EGL 102 all with a grade of C+ or higher Recommended: ANT 210, Modern Anthropology and Globalization; ANT 211 Caribbean Cultures; ANT 260 Anthropological Theory; ANT 266 Anthropological Research
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 312 Advanced Medical Anthropology

Medical Anthropology is a subfield of anthropology utilizing various methods to understand factors that influence health, disease and its experience, as well as medical systems. Advanced Medical Anthropology builds on material covered in Medical Anthropology, moving from a general overview and introduction, to the concentration on a specific culture, its concepts of wellness and disease, the methods and practices used for diagnosis and treatment, and ethics and health disparities. Students will compare and contrast American methods and systems with another society to gain a better appreciation for the complexities and diversity of the human experience of health and disease, interpretations of the body and healing, the construction and distribution of knowledge, norms, and systems of medical care. The growing interest in global health and our own diversity makes this a course particularly interesting to those preparing for careers in health, international development, and health advocacy. Prerequisites: ENG 102; BIO 120 or 123 or 166 or 170 and ANT 212 or ANT 250 with a grade of C+ or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 320 Advanced Topics in Anthropology

Courses that range from 320-329 are special topics courses. This course offers students the chance to study short term topics of specialized, more advanced areas of anthropology. Each topic builds and expands on information learned in introductory courses. This course is particularly recommended to students in the Anthropology Minor program, but is open to other interested students who meet the prerequisites. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or ANT 120 and one 200 level ANT course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 321 Advanced Topics in Anthropology

This course offers students the chance to study short term topics of specialized, more advanced areas of anthropology. Each topic builds and expands on information learned in introductory courses. This course is particularly recommended to students in the Anthropology Minor program, but is open to other interested students who meet the prerequisites. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or ANT 120 and one 200 level ANT course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 322 Advanced Topics in Anthropology

This course offers students the chance to study short term topics of specialized, more advanced areas of anthropology. Each topic builds and expands on information learned in introductory courses. This course is particularly recommended to students in the Anthropology Minor program, but is open to other interested students who meet the prerequisites. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or ANT 120 and one 200 level ANT course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 323 Advanced Topics in Anthropology

This course offers students the chance to study short term topics of specialized, more advanced areas of anthropology. Each topic builds and expands on information learned in introductory courses. This course is particularly recommended to students in the Anthropology Minor program, but is open to other interested students who meet the prerequisites. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or ANT 120 and one 200 level ANT course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 324 Advanced Topics in Anthropology

This course offers students the chance to study short term topics of specialized, more advanced areas of anthropology. Each topic builds and expands on information learned in introductory courses. This course is particularly recommended to students in the Anthropology Minor program, but is open to other interested students who meet the prerequisites. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or ANT 120 and one 200 level ANT course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 325 Advanced Topics in Anthropology

This course offers students the chance to study short term topics of specialized, more advanced areas of anthropology. Each topic builds and expands on information learned in introductory courses. This course is particularly recommended to students in the Anthropology Minor program, but is open to other interested students who meet the prerequisites. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or ANT 120 and one 200 level ANT course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 326 Advanced Topics in Anthropology

This course offers students the chance to study short term topics of specialized, more advanced areas of anthropology. Each topic builds and expands on information learned in introductory courses. This course is particularly recommended to students in the Anthropology Minor program, but is open to other interested students who meet the prerequisites. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or ANT 120 and one 200 level ANT course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 327 Advanced Topics in Anthropology

This course offers students the chance to study short term topics of specialized, more advanced areas of anthropology. Each topic builds and expands on information learned in introductory courses. This course is particularly recommended to students in the Anthropology Minor program, but is open to other interested students who meet the prerequisites. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or ANT 120 and one 200 level ANT course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 328 Advanced Topics in Anthropology

This course offers students the chance to study short term topics of specialized, more advanced areas of anthropology. Each topic builds and expands on information learned in introductory courses. This course is particularly recommended to students in the Anthropology Minor program, but is open to other interested students who meet the prerequisites. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or ANT 120 and one 200 level ANT course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 329 Advanced Topics in Anthropology

This course offers students the chance to study short term topics of specialized, more advanced areas of anthropology. Each topic builds and expands on information learned in introductory courses. This course is particularly recommended to students in the Anthropology Minor program, but is open to other interested students who meet the prerequisites. Prerequisite(s): ANT 100 or ANT 110 or ANT 120 and one 200 level ANT course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 330 Human Osteology

Human Osteology is designed to give students a detailed and intensive knowledge of human skeletal anatomy using an anthropological approach. This course will cover skeletal growth and development, variation, histology, and pathology, in addition to basic demographic analyses (age, sex, stature and ancestry). Through lectures and hand-on experience, using skeletal material from the collections housed in the Sociology and Anthropology department, students will learn to identify all skeletal elements, to understand and appreciate the variation observed within and between populations and to appreciate the influence culture has on the human skeletal system. Course lectures will be enhanced using case studies from archaeology and forensic anthropology. Prerequisite(s): ANT 120 or ANT 250 or BIO 166 or BIO 170
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 360 Anthropological Theory

This course explores the broad historical outline of major theoretical approaches in the field of Anthropology, from the late 19th century to the present. Debates within the discipline and the larger historical, cultural and intellectual contexts in which they were produced, will be examined, as will the enduring relevance of these theories. The course includes reading and critical analysis of texts, as well as class discussions. Prerequisite(s): (ANT 100 or ANT 110), EGL 102, any 200 level ANT course. All with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 366 Anthropological Research Methods

This course focuses on research methods in anthropology as the means for learning ethnographic research methods and how to talk and write about culture, as a basis of anthropological research. The purpose of the course is to gain experience in ethnographic practices, including interviewing, fieldwork research, qualitative analysis, and writing critically informed accounts. Prerequisite(s): (ANT 100 or ANT 110), EGL 102 and any 200 level ANT course. All with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 300

## ANT 480 Research Internship I

The research internship provides students with insight into the personal qualities and skills that make a good researcher, as well as learning about the broader impact of scientific discovery. While working alongside a faculty member students will be able to hone their research and analytical skills, through hands-on experiences. Students will create a research plan in consultation with the faculty member and spend 45-135 hours during the semester working on research. While each course design will vary, students will be involved in library research, compiling literature reviews, data collection, and data analysis. Students must either complete a paper or poster at the conclusion of their research internship. Prerequisite(s): ANT 366 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 (0,0,3)
ANTHROPOLOGY 400

## ANT 481 Research Intership I

The research internship provides students with insight into the personal qualities and skills that make a good researcher, as well as learning about the broader impact of scientific discovery. While working alongside a faculty member students will be able to hone their research and analytical skills, through hands-on experiences. Students will create a research plan in consultation with the faculty member and spend 45-135 hours during the semester working on research. While each course design will vary, students will be involved in library research, compiling literature reviews, data collection, and data analysis. Students must either complete a paper or poster at the conclusion of their research internship. Prerequisite(s): ANT 366 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 2 (0,0,6)
ANTHROPOLOGY 400

## ANT 482 Research Intership I

The research internship provides students with insight into the personal qualities and skills that make a good researcher, as well as learning about the broader impact of scientific discovery. While working alongside a faculty member students will be able to hone their research and analytical skills, through hands-on experiences. Students will create a research plan in consultation with the faculty member and spend 45-135 hours during the semester working on research. While each course design will vary, students will be involved in library research, compiling literature reviews, data collection, and data analysis. Students must either complete a paper or poster at the conclusion of their research internship. Prerequisite(s): ANT 366 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (0,0,9)
ANTHROPOLOGY 400

## ANT 485 Research Internship II

The research internship provides students with insight into the personal qualities and skills that make a good researcher, as well as learning about the broader impact of scientific discovery. While working alongside a faculty member students will be able to hone their research and analytical skills, through hands-on experiences. Students will create a research plan in consultation with the faculty member and spend 45-135 hours during the semester working on research. While each course design will vary, students will be involved in library research, compiling literature reviews, data collection, and data analysis. Students must either complete a paper or poster at the conclusion of their research internship. Prerequisite(s): ANT 366 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 400

## ANT 486 Research Internship II

The research internship provides students with insight into the personal qualities and skills that make a good researcher, as well as learning about the broader impact of scientific discovery. While working alongside a faculty member students will be able to hone their research and analytical skills, through hands-on experiences. Students will create a research plan in consultation with the faculty member and spend 45-135 hours during the semester working on research. While each course design will vary, students will be involved in library research, compiling literature reviews, data collection, and data analysis. Students must either complete a paper or poster at the conclusion of their research internship. Prerequisite(s): ANT 366 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 400

## ANT 487 Research Internship II

The research internship provides students with insight into the personal qualities and skills that make a good researcher, as well as learning about the broader impact of scientific discovery. While working alongside a faculty member students will be able to hone their research and analytical skills, through hands-on experiences. Students will create a research plan in consultation with the faculty member and spend 45-135 hours during the semester working on research. While each course design will vary, students will be involved in library research, compiling literature reviews, data collection, and data analysis. Students must either complete a paper or poster at the conclusion of their research internship. Prerequisite(s): ANT 366 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ANTHROPOLOGY 400

## ARA 131 Arabic I (Elementary)

A beginning course in Arabic emphasizing the gradual development of the four language skills: listening, speaking reading and writing with stress on communicative competence and cultural awareness.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ARABIC 100

## ARA 132 Arabic II (Elementary)

A continuation of ARA 131 or for students who have had 2 to 3 years of high school Arabic. This course emphasizes the gradual development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing with stress on communicative competence and cultural awareness. Prerequisite(s): ARA 131
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ARABIC 100

## ARA 233 Arabic III (Intermediate)

For those students who have taken ARA 132 or four or more years of high school Arabic. This intermediate course further emphasizes the development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing with stress on communicative competence and cultural awareness. A literary and cultural reading will be introduced. Prerequisite(s): ARA 132
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ARABIC 200

## ARA 234 Arabic IV (Intermediate)

For those student who had taken ARA 233 or four or more years of high school Arabic. This course emphasizes structural review, intensified practice in oral expression with increased emphasis on reading and writing skills. Continued attention will be given to contemporary Arabic culture. Selections from Arabic authors will be read. Prerequisite(s): ARA 233
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ARABIC 200

## ARC 100 Introduction to Architecture and Culture

This course provides a foundational study of the art and history of western architecture and the context in which it is built. The course will focus on 20thcentury to newly built western architectural and urban developments. Course topics include how architecture of today has been influenced by its location, historically significant buildings, art, culture, landscapes, and urbanism. Designed to familiarize students with the architectural thinking of the built environment that surrounds them locally and during an in person or virtual study abroad/away experience to a western city, this course will give students an opportunity to develop an understanding and appreciation of the architecture discipline and its design objectives. Course content is drawn from numerous fields including architectural history and theory, design studies, philosophy, and urban studies. Level: 100
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 100

## ARC 101 Introduction to Architecture & Construction

This is an introduction to elementary concepts, literacy and graphics in the architectural and construction field. This elective course is for students who have never taken any hand drawing/drafting and Computer Aided Drafting (CAD). The course will provide a hands on experience in architectural and construction drawing/drafting, sketching, model building, orthographic projection. The use of reading scales, lengths, areas and volumes in drawings is developed to help students visualize and understand building elements and plans. The course will include basic CAD fundamentals, site visits and future employment requirements and opportunities for those interested in the major.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 100

## ARC 111 Graphics I

This manual drafting studio class develops student's abilities in lettering, technical sketching, drafting and the use of drafting instruments. The fundamentals of orthographic projection and pictorial drawings develop the student's abilities to visualize and describe objects and structures graphically. Students who take ARC 131 will not get credit for ARC 111. Taking ARC 111 and 121 is equivalent to taking ARC 131 for degree purposes.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 100

## ARC 121 Graphics II

This course will introduce and develop computer-aided drawing skills used in the architectural, construction, and civil engineering fields. Students will prepare drawings for a small residential building using a computer drafting program such as AutoCAD Architecture. Students who take ARC 131 will not get credit for ARC 121/CON 121. Taking ARC 111/CON 111 and ARC 121/CON 121 is equivalent to taking ARC 131 for degree purposes.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 100

## ARC 123 Graphics III

This course furthers the development of computer drafting skills to prepare digital models and renderings for architectural project presentations. Specialized software such as Revit, a Building Information Modeling (BIM) software, will be utilized. Prerequisite(s): ARC 131 or ARC 111/CON 111 and ARC 121/CON 121
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (0,3)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 100

## ARC 131 Introduction to Graphics

Introduction to architectural and construction graphics using hand drawing/drafting and Computer Aided Drafting (CAD). Hand drawing/drafting topics include: lettering, technical sketching, use of drafting instruments, the fundamentals of orthographic projection, plan, section, elevation development and pictorial drawings to develop the student’s abilities to visualize and describe objects graphically. CAD topics include software commands and drawing strategies for 2-D and 3-D CAD work, plans, sections, elevations, and details, information management, assembly of drawings and scales. Note: This course includes a required laboratory designed to provide extra time for the studio experience.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,0,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 100

## ARC 255 Architectural Design I

Studies the principles of form, space and order that underlie architectural design. Concepts include: mass void modeling, volume and space construction, enclosing planes, circulation, organization, hierarchy, and structure. The diagram and sketch model are introduced as methods of understanding design. Concepts are explored in both three dimensional and graphic form. Note: This course includes a required laboratory designed to provide extra time for the studio experience. Prerequisite(s): ARC 111 and ARC 121
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (3,0,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 200

## ARC 257 Architectural Design II

Continuation of Architectural Design I. Emphasis is placed on the process by which design decisions are made and the methods of analysis in context to the existing environment. Topics include: structure, form and function, building in context, light and construction. Note: This course includes a required laboratory designed to provide extra time for the studio experience. Prerequisite(s): ARC 255
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (3,0,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 200

## ARC 263 Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing and Energy Systems

An overview of mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) aspects of buildings. Intended to develop students' ability to analyze energy requirements of buildings and various methods of energy conservation and thermal efficiency. Topics covered include heat flow, system and equipment for heating and cooling. Also included are water supply and wastewater treatments for buildings. Prerequisite(s): CON 162
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 200

## ARC 303 Construction/Architecture Internship

A program of practical experience and independent study to supplement and enrich classroom learning. It is a fully faculty supervised structured industrial experience. Periodical written reports and end of the assignment employer report required. Prerequisite(s): ARC 131, CON 162 and CON 207, Junior-level status, and Department Chair approval
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 300

## ARC 310 Construction Design

Construction Design is a technology-based design studio emphasizing a methodological approach to the assembly of the building's envelope, materials and systems. The integration of building code requirements, life safety, sustainability, accessibility, building energy systems, structure, construction and materials are central to effectively achieving design intent. Knowledge from Materials and Method of Construction I and II, Energy in Buildings and Graphics are applied to specific drawing assignments. A residential Type V construction, and a commercial Type II or Type III construction, building project will be advanced resulting in a set of construction documents. Note: This course includes a required laboratory designed to provide extra time for the studio experience. Prerequisite(s): ARC 111, ARC 121, CON 106, and ARC 263
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 300

## ARC 350W Architectural Theory and Design Factors (Writing Intensive)

This course will examine a series of architectural theories and design factors that attempts to explain, predict or influence design decisions that result in the built environment. Topics include: historical theory, form and aesthetics; architectural technology; the urban, natural and human environment; economic, zoning and code factors; the social and behavioral implications of architecture, the design process itself and the architectural profession. This is a writing-intensive course. Prerequisite(s): ARC 257 and ARC 362 and EGL 101 with a grade of C or higher. Note: Students cannot get credit for ARC 350 and 350W; ARC 350W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the Architectural/Construction Management Department.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 300

## ARC 362 History of Western Architecture

A study of the development of building design from the Ancient Egyptians and Greeks throughout the major historical periods to the present. Emphasis is on the evolution of the forms derived from indigenous technologies of periods surveyed.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 300

## ARC 364 Site Design and Construction

This is an advanced course in the utilization of engineering and architectural principles from concept through the construction techniques of traditional and sustainable site development. Site planning techniques, municipal land development requirements, zoning regulations, soil stabilization techniques, erosion control parameters, stormwater management practices, and site construction details are applied to a site design project. Computer-aided programs in site design and survey data management will be introduced. Prerequisite(s): ARC 310
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 300

## ARC 376 Architectural Design III

Continuation of Architectural Design II. Emphasis is placed on the context and constraints of urban and natural environment. The role of aesthetics, symbols, and historical elements in the making of places, spaces and communicating meaning are explored. Emphasis is placed on master planning and residential project(s) that integrate principles of architectural design/planning, and includes elements of building systems, structural and site design, zoning and building codes, etc. on an actual site in the area. Students will present their final project to invited architects at the end of the semester. Note: This course includes a required laboratory designed to provide extra time for the studio experiences. Prerequisite(s): ARC 257
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,0,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 300

## ARC 399 Applied Research Topics

A program of applied research and independent study on topics a faculty member is currently working on. this course is meant to enrich the learning experience by introducing the student to methods and analysis in applied research. this is a fully faculty directed and supervised structured research experience. Applied research work will be presented in an appropriate form. Prerequisite(s): Junior Level Status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 300

## ARC 476 Architectural Design IV

Continuation of Architectural Design III. The role of physical and regulatory constraints in the making of places and buildings are explored. Emphasis is placed on architectural programming and non-residential project(s) that integrate principles of architectural design/planning, and includes elements of building systems, structural and site design, zoning and building codes, etc. on an actual site in the area. Students will present their final project to invited architects at the end of the semester. Note: This course includes a required laboratory designed to provide extra time for the studio experiences. Prerequisite(s): ARC 376
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (3,0,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 400

## ARC 486 Architectural Design V

This architectural design course integrates several architectural and engineering design philosophies and methodologies into a comprehensive studio project. This course introduces very little new material; rather it is to synthesize knowledge learned in the following areas of design and analysis: architectural, structure, construction, site, energy (mechanical/electrical) and building systems and cost estimating. This multidisciplinary project uses a student design team approach. This course includes a required practicum designed to provide extra time for the studio experience. Prerequisite(s): Department Approval, Upper Division Status, recommended in the final semester, ARC 364, and ARC 476.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (3,0,2)
ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY 400

## ART 123 Art History

An analysis of the social, physical and psychological influences affecting the artist during various historical periods through the present. Emphasis is on the interrelationship between the changing purposes of art and variations in the meaning and form of artistic expression.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 100

## ART 200 History of Graphic Design

Graphic design has great power and has both reflected and influenced our society and culture throughout history. This course identifies the key movements within the history of graphic design from the Graphic Renaissance throughout today and highlights how these movements have mirrored and changed the course of our society and the field of graphic design. Lectures, images and texts will be used in of each of the following periods: Graphic Renaissance, the Industrial Revolution, Mid-Century Modernism, Late-Modernism Post-Modernism and the Digital Age. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 200

## ART 201 Survey of Art History: Prehistoric Times through The Middle Ages

A survey of the history of the visual arts from their beginnings in prehistoric times to the end of the Middle Ages. Works of art are studied both as monuments of intrinsic aesthetic value and as expressions of the needs, ideals, and aspirations of the societies in which they were created. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 200

## ART 202 Survey of Art History: Early Renaissance to the Present

A survey of the history of the visual arts from the Early Renaissance to the Present. Works of art are studied both as monuments of intrinsic aesthetic value and as expressions of the needs, ideals, and aspirations of the societies in which they were created. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 200

## ART 203 History of Interaction Design

The foundations of interaction design preceded the invention and use of the first computers and have evolved with the constant changes in technology. From punch cards to voice recognition, from the earliest computers to the mobile platforms of today, the need for a formal definition and definitive history of Interaction Design has increased as quickly as the technology has changed. This class will provide an over view of the history of the relationship between human beings and the tools and technology they use. The evolution of the computer and other digital devices will be explored with the emphasis on the events that lead to the formalization of Interaction Design into a vibrant and growing discipline. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
ART HISTORY 200

## ART 242 Italian Renaissance Art

This course is designed to introduce students to Ancient through Baroque art found in Italy. Students will be required to meet on campus prior to departing for Europe to study the great masterpieces of the Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque periods of art found in their original contexts throughout Italy. Works of Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, Illuminated Manuscripts and other applied arts will be studied as they relate to the periods in which they were created. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 200

## ART 244 Visual Studies and Studio in Northern

This course is designed to introduce students to Medieval through 19th century European art found in the countries of France, Belgium and Holland. The class will meet four times on campus prior to departing for Europe to study the great masterpieces of the Gothic Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Neo Classical, Romantic, Realistic and Impressionist and Post-Impressionist periods of art found in their original contexts throughout Europe. The Great institutions to be visited may include: the Louvre, the Rijks Museum and Hague to name a few. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101 and VIS 101 or VIS 110
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 200

## ART 245 Visual Art Studies and Studio in Greece

This course will introduce the Ancient through Byzantine periods of art as they occurred in Greece. Students will study the art and the history surrounding the art's creation during three lectures on the campus of Farmingdale State. This will occur before departing to Europe to visit the country of Greece to study the original art first hand over the period of two weeks. In Europe, students will explore the Aegean, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine art styles by studying works of architecture, sculpture, painting, illuminated manuscripts, archaeological and other applied arts in the context of churches, archaeological sites and art museums. Mythology and Homeric literature will be introduced in order to gain an insight into the cultural foundations of Western Art and Civilization. Students will be assigned a term paper based on specific works studied, and will also be expected to maintain a journal including notes, drawings and other entries related to their experience abroad. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 200

## ART 301 Arts in the Twentieth Century

An analysis of the development of music, art, film, theater, dance, architecture, and design through the nine decades of the twentieth century. Field trips to various cultural events and extensive use of audio-visual materials are included. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 300

## ART 302 Art History: Survey of American Art

A survey of the development of painting, sculpture, and architecture in the United States from the early colonial period to the present. Lectures, supplemented by slides and textbook illustrations, will provide the basis for an analysis of the "schools" styles, and influences that determined and are affecting the direction of American Art.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 300

## ART 303 MesoAmerican Art History

This course is designed to expose students to the art, culture and history of Mexico and Central America from the first peoples of the Americas to the Spanish Conquest, Colonial Period, Revolution, Modern and contemporary eras. The class will introduce the student to visual works of art including sculpture, painting, architecture and other applied arts. The course begins with prehistoric art of the Clovis peoples of the American Southwest and concludes with the contemporary era. The class covers Clovis, Olmec, Maya, Zapotec, Mixtec, Aztec, Mexican and Guatemalan art and touches on significant imported Spanish influences. The history, mythologies, politics, religions, and philosophical thought of the periods are introduced in order to provide a context for the visual art.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 300

## ART 304 Global Art History

This course is an introduction to the art practices in various cultures specifically "Non-Western" cultures which includes Asia, Africa, Mesoamerica, the Middle East as well as Native America and Oceania. In this course students will examine examples of painting, sculpture, architecture, calligraphy, printing, carving, weaving and other forms of art that have been created around the world from pre-history to contemporary times. The lectures, discussions, presentations and projects will help the students develop an understanding of the arts of various cultures in the past and the contemporary times in relationship to religious, social, economic, and political contexts. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ART HISTORY 300

## AVN 094 Flightline-Piper WarriorPA28

Plane scheduled block times for flying.
• Level: 000
• Credits: 0 (0,0,7)
AVIATION 000

## AVN 100 General Aeronautics

This course provides introductory orientation and practical information essential to the career progression of both pilots and aviation administrators. Topics include: attributes of an aviation professional; aircraft design, components, performance, operation, maintenance and safety with human factors emphasis.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 100

## AVN 101 Aviation Industry: A History Perspective

This course is a basic survey of the aviation industry viewed from a historical perspective. Topics covered will range from the early days of aviation to the present. The course will also examine the chronology of aviation laws and regulations and how they have changed from aviation beginnings in the United States to present day. At the conclusion of this course, the student will have a comprehensive knowledge of the U.S. air transportation industry and will understand its significant social/economic impact upon the nation and the world.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 100

## AVN 104 Private Pilot Ground

Private Pilot-Ground Training will enable the student to meet the prerequisite(s) specified in 14 CFR Part 61.105 as well as 14 CFR Part 141 Appendix B, as appropriate. Selected subject areas will include airplane systems, aerodynamic principles, flight environment, communication and flight information, meteorology for pilots, FAA Regulations, National Airspace System, NTSB, AC’s, interpretation of weather data, aircraft performance, radio and visual navigation, human factors, flight safety, and cross country flight planning. A grade will be issued upon taking the FAA “Knowledge Examination” necessary for the Private Pilot certificate. Prerequisite(s): FAA Student Pilot Certificate
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0,1)
AVIATION 100

## AVN 105 Private Pilot Flight To Solo

Private Pilot Flight to Solo will enable the student to meet some of the prerequisite(s) specified in 14 CFR Part 61.109 or 14 CFR Part 141 Appendix B, as appropriate. During this course, the student obtains the foundations for all future aviation training. The student becomes familiar with the training airplane and learns how the airplane controls are used to establish and maintain specific flight attitudes and ground tracks. At the conclusion of the course, the student demonstrates proficiency in basic flight maneuvers and the student pilot will have successfully completed no less than three (3) takeoffs and full stop landings in the traffic pattern as Pilot-in-Command. Students must have a FAA Student Pilot Certificate/FAA 3rd Class or higher Medical Certificate. Aero fees will be charged. Note: FAA minimum hours approved are 35 total hours for AVN 105 & 106. Prerequisite(s): FAA Student Pilot Certificate and AVN 104
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (0,0,4)
AVIATION 100

## AVN 106 Private Pilot Flight To Certificate

Private Pilot Flight training will the enable student to meet the prerequisite(s) specified in 14 CFR Part 61.109 or 14 CFR Part 141 Appendix B, as appropriate. Private Pilot Flight to Certificate will enable the student to meet the requirements necessary to obtain a Private Pilot certificate. An enrolled student must demonstrate through oral examinations, practical tests, and appropriate records that the student meets the knowledge, skill and experience requirements necessary to obtain a Private Pilot certificate with an airplane single-engine land rating. Selected subject areas will include engine starting, normal and crosswind taxiing, radio communications, normal takeoffs, power on and power off stalls, maneuvering during slow flight, traffic patterns, go around from a rejected landing, crosswind and normal landings, cross country flying, radio navigation, cockpit management, low level wind shear precautions, airport and runway marking and lighting, constant airspeed climbs and descents, stall spin awareness, and steep turns. Students must have a FAA Student Pilot Certificate/FAA 3rd Class or higher Medical Certificate. A grade will be issued upon taking the FAA Private Pilot practical exam. Aero fees will be charged. Note: FAA minimum hours approved are 35 total hours for AVN 105 & 106. Prerequisite(s): AVN 104 and AVN 105 with a grade of C or higher; FAA Student Pilot Certificate
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (0,0,4)
AVIATION 100

## AVN 110 Introduction to Flight

Introduction to Flight offers students with no prior flight time an opportunity to begin training in normal preflight, in-flight and post-flight procedures as provided by the SUNY Flight Line. They are afforded 5 hours combined flight and simulator time and may then commence flight training for Private Pilot. Aero fees will be charged. Note: Flight courses must be completed within a year from the date a student registers. Within this time frame a student must either 1) Successfully complete the course and be issued a grade, OR 2) Withdraw from the course, due to the following extenuating circumstances: Active Military Obligations, Medical conditions requiring removal from active flight status for a duration of 60 consecutive days or more. If neither of the above occurs, a failing grade will be assigned.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (0,0,6)
AVIATION 100

## AVN 112 Pilot Proficiency

Prior to beginning training at FSC students with prior flight experience of solo privileges or higher will be required to go through an evaluation. A grade and or transfer credit will be issued upon successful completion of the applicable requirements per ratings/certificates held. Course length is contingent upon student’s knowledge and skills. Aero Fees will be charged. Prerequisite(s): Prior flight experience of solo or higher
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (1,3)
AVIATION 100

## AVN 128 Unmanned Aerial Systems

The course provides students with a thorough understanding of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) history, applications, airframe types, sensors, payloads, and future developments. In-depth coverage of applicable FAA regulations and flight operations in the National Airspace will coincide with demonstrations of UAS usage. Prerequisite(s): None
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 100

## AVN 201 Safety Ethics

This course emphasizes ethical decision making as it applies to Complex Systems, aviation and aerospace, nuclear power plant, civil and IT engineering and the medical field. These systems have an extremely narrow tolerance for error, often resulting in monumental impact on the public, the economy of the nation and human life. This course seeks to increase the awareness levels of ethical issue for industry professionals and to provide the necessary skills to effectively deal with such critical problem solving issues. Topics include complex systems ethical decision making, safety with human factors emphasis, applied ethics for members of complex systems, corporate culture and risk management theory, moral and values. Students cannot get credit for AVN 201 and 201W; AVN 201W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 202 Aviation Meteorology

A basic course in Aviation Weather. Weather theory including differential heating, air mass development, wind frontal activity and systems, weather hazards, weather reporting and weather forecasting is covered. Charts which are studied include Surface Analysis and Weather Depiction Charts, Constant Pressure Charts, Composite Moisture Stability Charts. Prerequisite(s): AVN 104 or AVN 100 with a grade of C or higher by department's approval.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 208 Instrument Pilot Ground

Instrument Pilot Ground training will enable the student to meet the prerequisite(s) specified in 14 CFR Part 61.65(b), or 14 CFR Part 141 Appendix C, as appropriate. Selected subject areas will include Federal Aviation Regulations that apply to flight operations under IFR, appropriate information that applies to flight operations under IFR in the "Aeronautical Information Manual," Air Traffic Control system and procedures for instrument flight operations, IFR navigation and approaches by use of navigation systems, use of IFR enroute and instrument approach procedure charts, procurement and use of aviation weather reports and the elements of forecasting weather trends based on that information and personal observation of weather conditions, safe and efficient operation of aircraft under instrument flight rules and conditions, recognition of critical weather situations and wind shear avoidance, aeronautical decision making and judgment, and crew resource management, including crew communication and coordination. A grade will be issued upon taking the FAA "Knowledge Examination" necessary for the Instrument Pilot Rating. Prerequisite(s): AVN 104 and AVN 105 with a grade of C or higher FAA Private Pilot Knowledge Test (with a grade of 70 or better).
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,1)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 209 Instrument Pilot Flight

Instrument Pilot Flight training will enable the student to meet the prerequisite(s) specified in 14 CFR Part 61.65, or 14 CFR Part 141 Appendix C, as appropriate. Instrument Pilot Flight will enable the student to meet the requirements necessary to obtain an Instrument Rating. Selected subject areas will include airplane attitude control by reference to instruments, use of full and partial panel reference, accurate use of navigation systems by maintaining positional awareness, holding patterns, instrument approaches, and IFR cross country procedures. A grade will be issued upon taking the FAA Instrument Rating practical exam. Students must possess an FAA Private Pilot Certificate/FAA 3rd Class or higher Medical Certificate. Aero fees will be charged. Note: FAA minimum hours approved are 35 total hours for AVN 209. Prerequisite(s): AVN 106 with a grade of C or higher Corequisite(s): AVN 208
• Level: 200
• Credits: 1 (0,0,4)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 211 Commercial Pilot Ground

Commercial Pilot Ground Training will enable the student to meet the prerequisite(s) specified in 14 CFR Part 61.125(b), or 14 CFR Part 141 Appendix D, as appropriate. Selected subject areas will include: accident reporting requirements of the National Transportation Safety Board, basic aerodynamics and the principles of flight, meteorology to include recognition of critical weather situations, wind shear recognition and avoidance, and the use of aeronautical weather reports and forecasts, safe and efficient operation of aircraft weight and balance computations, use of performance charts, significance and effects of exceeding aircraft performance limitations, use of aeronautical charts and a magnetic compass for pilotage and dead reckoning, use of air navigation facilities, aeronautical decision making and judgment, principles and functions of aircraft systems, maneuvers, procedures, and emergency operations appropriate to the aircraft, night high altitude operations, procedures for operating within the National Airspace System, and procedures for flight and ground training for lighter than air ratings. A grade will be issued upon taking the FAA “Knowledge Examination” necessary for the Commercial Pilot certificate. Prerequisite(s): AVN 106 and AVN 208 with a grade of C or higher; FAA Instrument Rating Knowledge Test (with a grade of 70 or better).
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 212 Commercial Pilot Flight

Commercial Pilot Flight training will enable the student to meet the prerequisite(s) specified in 14 CFR Part 61.129 or 14 CFR Part 141 Appendix D, as appropriate. Commercial Pilot Flight will enable the student to meet the requirements necessary to obtain a Commercial Pilot Certificate. Selected subject areas include accurate planning of VFR cross country flights, pilotage, dead reckoning, navigation systems, and commercial maneuvers as well as provide the skill necessary to safely fly a complex airplane. A grade will be issued upon taking the FAA Commercial Pilot practical exam. Students must possess a FAA 3rd Class or higher Medical Certificate. Aero Fees will be charged. Note: FAA minimum hours approved are 65 total hours for AVN 212. Prerequisite(s): AVN 209 with a grade of C or higher Corequisite(s): AVN 211
• Level: 200
• Credits: 1 (0,0,4)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 230 Airline Management

This course will give the students an integrated study of airline operations and functions. Domestic and international regulation of air carries and the industry's changing structure due to alliances and globalization are addressed. Topics include the annual profit plan, uniform system of accounts and reports, demand analysis, scheduling, the theory of pricing, fleet planning, facilities planning, airline financing, airline economics, airline marketing and pricing, computer reservation and revenue management systems, fleet planning and scheduling, aircraft maintenance aircraft finance, labor relations, organizational structure, and strategic planning. Prerequisite(s): AVN 101 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 270 Introduction to Airports Management

An introductory course, which provides foundational information and strategic concepts about the air transport/ airport system. Topics include: Overview of Air Transport/ Airport system, Department of Transportation/Federal Aviation Administration, Intro to Airports/Management, Organizational Development, Management Roles and Theories, Motivational and Communications Principles/Processes. Prerequisite(s): AVN 101 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 271 Airport Capacity/Delay/Airspace Environment

This course covers the following topics: Airport Capacity and Delay, Technological and Weather Solutions, Air Traffic Control, U.S. Airspace, Air Navigation and Navigational Aids Runway Lighting Systems, FAA FAR Part 77, Environmental Regulations and Airport Noise, Land Use Compatibility. Prerequisite(s): AVN 101 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 280 Introduction to Air Cargo Operations

The course introduces the student to the growing, technical and multi-faceted air cargo industry. The student will understand the role that air cargo has played in the development of the air carrier industry, contractual and legally binding regulations, and national and international trade. A visit to off-campus air cargo facilities will compliment classroom discussions, lectures and videos. Prerequisite(s): AVN 101 with a grade of C or higher or CRJ 100
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 281 Air Cargo Government and Industry Regulations

This course exposes the student to the study and process of regulations of the Air Cargo Industry. It includes a study of and compliance with government and air carrier regulations; with practical applications of the specialized manuals and penalties of non-compliance. It includes the influence that organizations such as ICACO and IATA have on the Air Cargo industry. Prerequisite(s): AVN 101 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 291 Air Cargo Cooperative Experience

This Cooperative Experience or Internship is an elective for second year Aviation Administration students. The course will provide employer/student designed internship experience. The student will acquire work skills and cooperative attitudes that will complement and enhance the academic competencies learned during the prior year.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (0,10 to 12)
AVIATION 200

## AVN 300 Government in Aviation

This course expands and focuses on many of the regulatory subjects in AVN 101 (Aviation History). It is a study of the constitutional, legislative, executive and judicial control of aviation from the local, state, federal and international perspective. This course forms the foundation for AVN 400 Aviation Law. Students who take AVN 300W cannot receive credit for AVN 300. AVN 300W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Prerequisite(s): AVN 101 with a grade of C or better or CRJ 100, Junior or Senior status required.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 309 Certified Flight Instructor- Ground

This course will allow students to meet the requirements as specified by 14 CFR Part 61.185 or 14 CFR Part 141 Appendix F, as appropriate, and will allow students to meet the requirements necessary to complete the Certified Flight Instructor Written Exams: Fundamentals of Instruction (FOI), Certified Flight Instructor Airplane (FIA), and the Certified Flight Instructor Instrument Written Exam (CFII). Selected subject areas will include applicable Federal Aviation Regulations of this chapter that relate to Certified Flight Instructor pilot privileges, limitations, and flight operations, the fundamentals of instructing, including: the learning process; elements of effective teaching; student evaluation and testing; course development; lesson planning; and classroom training techniques. Also included are the aeronautical knowledge areas for a recreational, private, and commercial pilot certificate applicable to the aircraft category for which flight instructor privileges are sought. A grade will be issued based on the completion of the following written exams: the student will either take the FAA “Knowledge Examinations” (Written Exams) necessary for the Certified Flight Instructor Certificate; Fundamentals of Instructing (FOI), Flight Instructor Airplane (FIA), and the Flight Instructor Instrument Written Exam (FII) or the FAA “Knowledge Examinations” (Written Exams) necessary for the Advanced Ground Instructor Certificate; Fundamentals of Instructing (FOI), Advanced Ground Instructor (AGI), and the Instrument Ground Instructor (IGI). Prerequisite(s): AVN 211 and AVN 209 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 310 Certified Flight Instructor-Flight

This course will allow students to meet the requirements as specified by 14 CFR Part 61.187 or 14 CFR Part 141 Appendix F, as appropriate, and will allow students to meet the requirements necessary to complete the Certified Flight Instructor Airplane Practical Exam. Selected subject areas will include applicable Federal Aviation Regulations of this chapter that relate to Certified Flight Instructor pilot privileges, limitations, and flight operations, the fundamentals of instructing, including: The learning process; elements of effective teaching; student evaluation and testing; course development; lesson planning; and classroom training techniques. Also included are practical flight training modules necessary to gain the required aeronautical experience and proficiency applicable to recreational, private, and commercial pilot certificates appropriate to the aircraft category/class for which flight instructor privileges are sought. A grade will be issued upon taking the FAA Certified Flight Instructor Certificate. Students must possess an FAA Commercial Pilot Certificate with Instrument Privileges/FAA 3rd Class or higher Medical Certificate. Aero Fees will be charged. Prerequisite(s): AVN 212 with a grade of C or higher Corequisite(s): AVN 309
• Level: 300
• Credits: 1 (0,0,4)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 320 Air Carrier Flight Operations

A study of the operational considerations and procedures of air carrier flight operations. Flight Operations conducted under 14CFR121 (Part121 air carriers) are highlighted. Also included are 14CFR135 (Part135) Air Carriers, supplemental air carriers and Operators of Large Aircraft flight operations. Prerequisite(s): AVN 208 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 321 Physiology of Flight

Operational and lifestyle considerations and consequences arising from physiological factors will be introduced, with an emphasis on the atmosphere and high-altitude flight (Hyperbarism). General fundamentals of anatomy and psychology will be reviewed to impart career-prolonging health maintenance and stress reduction techniques. Subtle yet critical aviation issues such as situational awareness and crew resource management will be explored. Prerequisite (s): AVN 202 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 322 Advanced Aircraft Systems

This course exposes the student to the advanced aircraft systems commonly found in air carrier aircraft. Included are Electrical Systems, Hydraulics, Pneumatics, Flight Controls, Landing Gear Systems, Auto-Pilots and Cockpit Automation, Master Warning and Caution Annunciation Systems. At the conclusion of this course, the student should have a good level of operational understanding of these systems. Prerequisite(s): AVN 211
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 323 Air Carrier Flight Planning

This course exposes the student to the area of flight planning for the major carrier's operations. The main area of study will include the following subjects: High Altitude Aviation Meteorology, Transport Category Aircraft weight and balance, Take-off, En-route and Landing Performance and Emergency Procedures. Advanced Flight Planning, Jet Route Structure. Jeppesen IFR High Altitude En-route Charts. NOS and Jeppesen IFR Approach Plates and Published Minimums; U.S. Air Traffic Control Systems/Airspace; Airline Positive Operational Control Concepts; Federal Aviation Regulations Part 121/1199/135; Airline Communications Systems- Secal/ARINC/ACARS/Satcom Captain/Dispatcher Joint Authority/Decision Making. Prerequisite(s): AVN 322
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 325 Safety of Flight

Safety of Flight is an essential course for students to understand the principles and regulatory practices of commercial aviation safety in the United States and worldwide community in the 21st century. It includes an examination of aircraft accidents, the respective roles of the FAA and NTSB, human factors in aviation safety, air traffic safety systems, and introduction to Safety Management Systems (SMS). The student will obtain the necessary safety of fight knowledge to be able to effectively work in the aviation industry. At the completion of the course, students will be able to assess contemporary issues in safety of fight and demonstrate understanding of aviation safety and human factors. Prerequisite(s): AVN 104 and AVN 202 with grade of a C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 326 Airport Security Management

The aviation industry is one of the most highly targeted industries for acts of terrorism. This course enables students to develop the skills necessary to effectively manage and maintain security systems and measures vital to airports. Students will assess current mandates by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and critique their effectiveness. Practical exposure to screening techniques such as the use of Explosive Trace Detection (ETD) systems, X-ray systems, wanding and other new developmental technologies will be covered. Note: students who have received credit for AVN 126 cannot receive credit for this course. Prerequisite(s): AVN 300 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 330 Airline Marketing

This course examines the principles of marketing used by the major U.S. airlines and how they are applied for long term financial success in the industry. There will be an initial review of the structure of the air transport market and the industry marketing environment. This will be followed by a detailed study examining the airline business and marketing strategies, product design, pricing, revenue management, distribution channels, and selling and advertising policies. Prerequisite(s): AVN 101 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 350 Air Traffic Management

In this course, students will gain an in-depth understanding of the National Airspace System (NAS) through the introduction of the functions, rules, phraseology, and publications utilized within the Air Traffic Control (ATC) system. Topics include airborne and ground navigational aids, GPS, radar and communications applied by the ATC system. Students will demonstrate proper aircraft sequencing and separation techniques through the use of simulation, while building upon Crew Resource Management (CRM) concepts traditionally used by aircrews. Prerequisite(s): (AVN 100 or AVN101) and (AVN 202 or PHY 116) with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 370 Airport Management and Finance

In this course students will analyze airport management with an emphasis on financial strategies and practices. Topics include relevant regulations, components of airport terminals and ground access, airport fees and revenue strategies, Airport Improvement Program (AIP), state grant programs, Passenger Facility Charge (PFC) funding, financing, and private investment. Prerequisite(s): BUS 102, AVN 271 with a grade of C or higher. Corequisite(s): BUS 201
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 371 Airport Planning

This course covers the following topics: Airport System Planning, National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS), Metropolitan Airport System Planning, State Airport System Planning, Airport Master Planning, Airport Layout Plans, Airport Design, Design of Other Landing Facilities, Industrial Park Design, Terminal Planning/ Design/ Operation, Other Terminal Area Buildings, Americans with Disability Act Access. Prerequisite(s): AVN 270 or AVN 271 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 380 Air Cargo Sales Management

The students will be introduced to the topic through a variety of pedagogical methods that will include lectures, hands-on use of the most prominent manuals, regulations related to the industry, group discussions and videos. Prerequisite(s): AVN 280
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 381 Air Cargo Management Techniques

This course will provide students with an overview of the air cargo management in relation to leadership, safety, cost effectiveness, and problem solving. This course will cover various managerial topics that pertain to air cargo operations, with a particular focus on identifying staffing needs, providing acceptable customer service, determining practical goals for maintaining service levels over an extended period of time. This course will also review IATA rules and regulations, and provide students with practical in-class exercises which will focus on developing operational flight schedules for an air cargo operator while maintaining the objective of remaining compliant with various human resources and labor regulations. Prerequisite(s): AVN 280
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 300

## AVN 400 Aviation Law

Aviation Law develops the student's knowledge to the application level of learning by emphasis on real cases to demonstrate the legal, regulatory and government theory previously discussed in AVN 101and AVN 300. Emphasis will be on the FAA's roles in regulating aviation including the rule making process, certification of airmen, medical certification and enforcement. Prerequisite(s): AVN 300 or AVN 300W with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 401 Airline Economics and Marketing

This course covers the economic development and marketing principles of the air carrier industry. Details of the transition from regulation to deregulation are explored as well as the marketing and financial practices as they exist today under deregulation. The current economic environment is studied along with a detailed examination of airline business and marketing strategies, product design, pricing, revenue management, and distribution channels. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 and AVN 300 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 404 Corporate and Business Aviation

Study of the flight operations, administration, maintenance and financial functions of a corporate flight department. The FBO and small airplane business will be discussed including applications in aerial photography and spraying, aircraft sales and financing. Prerequisite(s): AVN 300 or 300W
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 410 Commercial Multi-Engine Pilot Rating

This course prepares the Commercial Pilot with single-engine and instrument ratings to add multi-engine airplane privileges to their certificate. Commercial Pilot Flight training will enable the student to meet the prerequisite(s) specified in 14 CFR Part 61.63 or 14 CFR Part 141.57, as appropriate. Additionally, the student will gain practical experience applying the concepts of Crew Resource Management in the cockpit by utilizing a series of Flight Training Device sessions and defined flight training sessions. The student will be introduced to multi crew operations by applying newly acquired skills applicable to the multi crew environment such as Pilot Flying, Pilot Monitoring, advanced aircraft briefings, emergency and abnormal situations in various phases of flight, cockpit automation, Crew Resource Management to include crew communication and coordination, and Aeronautical decision making and judgment. Students must possess an FAA Commercial Pilot Certificate/FAA 3rd Class or higher Medical Certificate. Aero Fees will be charged. A grade will be issued upon taking the FAA Commercial Multi-Engine Practical Exam. Prerequisite(s): AVN 209 and AVN 212 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 (0,0,4)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 411 Certified Flight Instructor Instrument

This course prepares the student with a CFI to acquire the Flight Instructor -Instrument rating. Training will consist of at least 20 hours flight and 15 hours ground instruction. Passing the FAA Flight Instructor-Instrument Airplane Knowledge test and the FAA flight test will complete the course. Aero fees will be charged. Prerequisite(s): AVN 310 with grade of a C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 2 (1,0,3)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 412 Certified Flight Instructor-Multi-Engine

This course prepares the student with a CFI to acquire the Flight Instructor – Multi Engine Rating. Training will consist of at least 25 hours flight and 20 hours ground instruction. Passing the FAA Flight Instructor Multi Engine Knowledge test and the FAA flight test will complete the course. Aero fees will be charged. Prerequisite(s): AVN 310 and AVN 410 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 (0,0,4)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 417 Homeland Security in Aviation

This course will expose the student to the importance of Homeland Security in the aviation industry and the important role each employee in the industry is charged with. Students will gain experience in identifying false travel documents and identifying suspicious air travelers. This course will focus on current national security threats in the aviation industry. Upon the successful completion of this course the students will meet the requirements of the initial and recurrent security training requirements mandated by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) under Title 49 CFR 1552. Prerequisite(s): AVN 300 or 300W with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 421 Gas Turbine Engines

An in-depth study of gas turbine engines as found in air carrier and high performance aircraft. Topics include the history of turbine development, jet propulsion, theory engine design and construction and control systems. FAA Commercial Pilot Certificate with Instrument Rating required. Prerequisite(s): AVN 321
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 422 Aerodynamics and Aircraft Performance

Advanced aerodynamic principles will be introduced following extensive review of fundamentals. Emphasis will be on practical design and performance considerations including mission, cost, and feasibility. This course will familiarize the student with the application of aeronautical principles and design practices. The course will focus steps in preliminary design of general aviation aircraft with emphasis on the iterative aspects of design. Prerequisite(s): AVN 211 with a grade of C or higher and PHY 136
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 423 Crew Resource Management

This course deals with flight-crew decision making. It includes, but is not limited to: optimum decision-making techniques; personality profiling; crew communication; high risk areas of a flight; maintaining situational and spatial awareness; crew discipline; and airline-level standard operating procedures. Prerequisite(s): Junior Level Standing and Completion of AVN 300W.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 424 Advanced Avionics and Cockpit Automation

Introduction to modern cockpit avionics suites as found in corporate Jets and Transport Category aircrafts. Principles, operations and limitations of advanced avionics suites typically found in this category aircraft. Automation topics covered include automatic flight control and flight director systems, stability augmentation systems, power management systems, flight management systems and autoland/go around systems. Latest technology navigation systems topics including inertial navigation systems (INS), inertial reference systems (IRS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS) including Local Area Augmentation Systems (LAAS) and Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS). Prerequisite (s): AVN-209 with C or higher and AVN-211 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 432 Aviation Insurance

This course covers the basic foundations of Aviation Insurance and Risk Management. Topics to be covered include hull and liability coverage, subrogation and the insurer's interests after covering a loss, underwriting and claims management. This course helps students to explain the various types of insurance coverage found in aviation such as, hangar keepers, employers, pilots, airlines and airport operators. Prerequisite(s): AVN 400
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 440 Commuter Turboprop Training

This course exposes the student to an actual air carrier transport aircraft initial training ground school. The course will examine all of the specific aircraft and engine systems for this airplane and will be conducted so as to simulate the intensity of an airline training course. All major systems and subsystems of the aircraft as well as its limitation and normal and emergency operating procedures will be covered in detail. At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to pass an airline style written and oral exam on the aircraft. Prerequisite(s): AVN 322 and AVN 421 Corequisite(s): AVN 424
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 443 Specialty Flying

Specialty flying is a vital area in General Aviation although it does not attract the attention that airline and military flying do. This course will deal with Agricultural Aviation; Bush Flying using float, large wheel and ski equipped aircraft.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 447 Capstone Professional Pilot Seminar

The Capstone Pro Pilot Seminar will be the culminating Upper Division experience in flight education for the Professional Pilot program. The seminar will require students to examine key aviation concepts presented in the Pro Pilot track and connect key learning objectives associated with these concepts to the skills necessary for success in the aviation industry as a pilot. Selected subject areas will include but not be limited to aviation safety, aviation law, crew resource management, safety ethics, physiology of flight, and aviation meteorology and how these relate to the requirements to be a certificated instrument-rated commercial pilot and fly as a certified flight instructor or a multiengine airplane pilot. Students will be required to complete comprehensive case studies of aviation accidents, present results to the seminar participants and lead the case discussion. A Capstone mentorship flight or simulator event summarizing the key course concepts will be included as part of the course (flight fees as applicable). Prerequisite(s): AVN 209 with C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,1)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 470 Airport Operations

A common entry level airport job for those with an aviation college degree is often an Airport Operations Coordinator. They are responsible for keeping airports safe and secure by ensuring implementation of safety management system (SMS) protocols in compliance with applicable FAA and TSA regulations, and also ensure safe and efficient travel for passengers and surrounding communities. This requires extensive knowledge in the following topics covered in this course: FAR Part 139, Airport Certification Manual (ACM), Airport Safety SelfInspection (ASSI) Program, Pavement Surfaces, Movement and Safety Areas, Airfield Marking, Lighting and Signage, Snow Ice Control Plan (SICP), Snow Removal Equipment, Airport Condition Reporting, Ground Vehicles Operation in the Air Operations Area (AOA), Public Protection, Wildlife Hazard Management, Airport Emergency Plan and Response, and Airport Air Carrier Security. Prerequisite(s): AVN 270 or AVN 271 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 471 Aviation Administration Seminar

This seminar is a capstone course for students majoring in Aviation Administration. This course is designed to integrate what students have learned during their course of study and will explore the practical skills needed to prepare for a career in aviation. This course will also include informational interviews and guest speakers of aviation professionals so students can ascertain future job options and placement. The student's main focus will be a detailed research project and a formal presentation of this research to members of the university community and/or representatives from industry. Prerequisite(s): Senior Level Standing
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 480 Air Cargo Operations-Advanced

The course will expand upon the introductory concepts learned in AVN 280. Students will be exposed to various in-class exercises that will address the importance of identifying the variables involved in the flow of typical air cargo operations. Students will gain expertise in "troubleshooting" and solving problematic situations such as flight delay due to mechanical and/or weather; late delivery of high priced cargo products; emergency response to live animal and/or perishable equipment; damage to aircraft and/or cargo ULDs or other equipment; and employee injury. The real world applications of Quality Work Programs (QWP) and current advances in air cargo automation and/or computer controlled processes will be explored. Communication skills in air cargo operations management will also be stressed. Prerequisite(s): AVN 280
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
AVIATION 400

## AVN 490 Aviation Internship

This course is designed to give students the opportunity to earn elective credit for acquiring hands-on industry experience. Prior work site approval by the Aviation Department is required before enrolling in this course. Prerequisite(s): Completion of 30 credits with an overall GPA of 2.5.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)
AVIATION 400

## BCS 101 Programming Concepts and Problem Solving

This course will provide an introduction to programming logic and problem solving techniques using different programming languages. The topics covered in this course will provide the skills needed to learn languages such as Visual Basic, C+ + and JAVA. Topics include such items as constants and variables, data types, scope of variables, basic logic constructs, subroutines and functions. Students who have completed BCS 120 or CSC 111 or equivalent cannot take BCS 101.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 102 Computer Concepts and Applications

This is an introductory course in the use of personal computers in today's society. Students will receive instruction in basic computer concepts and terminology, the fundamentals of the Windows operating system and have hands on experience at the beginning to intermediate level using Microsoft Word, Excel, and PowerPoint. The Internet will be used to supplement textbook and lecture materials. Note: Computer Systems students cannot use BCS 102 to meet a BCS/CSC Elective requirement.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 109 Introduction to Programming

Using Python, this course covers the basic concepts of computer programming. Python is an easy-to learn, high-level computer programming language that is widely used in many applications. This course introduces the fundamental elements of programming such as expressions, conditionals, loops, functions, files, and then use these elements to create simple interactive applications. This course covers also simple GUI and animation-based applications.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 110 Introductory Special Topics in Computer Programming and Information Systems

This course will cover introductory topics that are not covered in the regular curriculum. Topics may vary from semester to semester and reflects the interests and needs of students, faculty and industry. Permission of Department Chair is required. Prerequisite(s): Permission of Department Chair
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 111 Introductory Special Topics in Computer Programming and Information Systems

This course will cover introductory topics that are not covered in the regular curriculum. Topics may vary from semester to semester and reflects the interests and needs of students, faculty and industry. Permission of Department Chair is required. Prerequisite(s): Permission of Department Chair
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 112 Introductory Special Topics in Computer Programming and Information Systems

This course will cover introductory topics that are not covered in the regular curriculum. Topics may vary from semester to semester and reflects the interests and needs of students, faculty and industry. Permission of Department Chair is required. Prerequisite(s): Permission of Department Chair
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 113 Introductory Special Topics in Computer Programming and Information Systems

This course will cover introductory topics that are not covered in the regular curriculum. Topics may vary from semester to semester and reflects the interests and needs of students, faculty and industry. Permission of Department Chair is required. Prerequisite(s): Permission of Department Chair
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 114 Introductory Special Topics in Computer Programming and Information Systems

This course will cover introductory topics that are not covered in the regular curriculum. Topics may vary from semester to semester and reflects the interests and needs of students, faculty and industry. Permission of Department Chair is required. Prerequisite(s): Permission of Department Chair
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 120 Foundations of Computer Programming I

This course introduces the C++ Programming Language as a means of developing structured programs. Students will be taught to develop algorithms using top-down stepwise refinement. Students will be introduced to the concept of Object Oriented programming. In addition, students will get a thorough exposure to C++ syntax and debugging techniques. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for CSC 111
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 130 Website Development I

In this course, students will use both HTML and CSS to modify the appearance of Web page content and layout. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a standardized code used to format web pages. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language, such as HTML. In addition, students will learn the principles of Responsive Web Design to create an optimal viewing experience irrespective of the device used to display the Web page.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 160 Computers, Society and Technology

This is an introductory course that provides students with the knowledge to stay current and informed in a technology-oriented, global society. Students will receive instruction in basic computer concepts and terminology, the fundamentals of the Windows operating system and have hands-on experience at the beginning to intermediate level using Microsoft Excel and Access. The Internet will be used to supplement textbook and lecture materials. Note: Students taking this course may not receive credit for BCS 102.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 100

## BCS 208 Introduction to Networks

This course introduces the architecture, structure, functions, components, and models of the Internet and other computer networks. The principles and structure of IPv4 and IPv6 addressing and the fundamentals of Ethernet concepts, media, and operations are introduced to provide a foundation for the curriculum. By the end of the course, students will be able to build simple LAN’s, perform basic configurations for routers and switches, and implement IP addressing schemes. The laboratory component of this course will give the students hands-on experience configuring equipment needed to build a LAN. Prerequisite(s): Sophomore status
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 200

## BCS 209 Routing and Switching Essentials

This course describes the architecture, components, and operations of routers and switches in a small network. Students learn how to configure a router and a switch for basic functionality. By the end of this course, students will be able to configure and troubleshoot routers and switches and resolve common issues with RIPv1, RIPv2, single-area and multi-area OSPF, virtual LANs, and inter-VLAN routing in both IPv4 and IPv6 networks. The laboratory component of this course will give the students hands-on experience configuring routers, switches and basic WAN connectivity. Prerequisite(s): BCS 208 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 200

## BCS 215 UNIX Operating Systems

This course develops the fundamental knowledge of computer operating systems using UNIX. Topics include basic understanding of the UNIX system, utilizing the file system, programming language and security system. BCS 120 or CSC 111 may be taken as a Prerequisite or Corequisite. Prerequisite(s): BCS 120 or CSC 111 Corequisite(s): BCS 120 or CSC 111
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 200

## BCS 230 Foundations of Computer Programming II

This course expands the knowledge and skills of Foundations of Computer Programming I. Among the topics covered are: arrays, pointers, strings, classes, data abstraction, inheritance, composition and overloading. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for CSC 211 Prerequisite(s): (BCS 120 or CSC 111) with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 200

## BCS 232 Electronic Commerce

This cross-listed business management and business computer systems course covers electronic commerce (EC) foundations, retailing methodologies, and marketing research. Focus will be on the various forms, strategies, and implementations of EC including business-to-business (B2B), business-to-consumer (B2C), and consumer-to-consumer (C2C). Also covered will be social networking, electronic payment systems, and public policy issues including privacy and intellectual property matters as well as recent information technology advancements. Students completing BCS 232 may not receive credit for BUS 232. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109 and BCS 101 or BCS 102
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 200

## BCS 235 JavaScript and jQuery

This course introduces students to JavaScript and jQuery. Students will learn how to write their own scripts in JavaScript, learn jQuery syntax, and use the jQuery and jQuery UI libraries. Students will learn how to devise jQuery and jQuery UI scripting techniques such as effects, animation, tabbed panels, menus, accordions, content sliders, drag and drop, tooltips, date pickers, custom tooltips, dialogs and portlets, and interactive image sliders and carousels. Students who have taken BCS 250 cannot receive credit for this course. Prerequisite(s): BCS 130 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 200

## BCS 240 Website Development II

In this course, students will learn how to create websites that deliver a seamless experience across a diverse range of desktop, mobile, and handheld devices. In addition, students will learn how to perform forms validation, create navigation and menuing systems, build responsive layouts with flexible content, code media queries, and create and modify template and child pages. Students will use CSS 3 and a Content Management System to create user interfaces with toolbars, animations, buttons, forms, lists, events, and themes. Prerequisite(s): BCS 130 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 200

## BCS 260 Introduction to Database Systems

This course provides the fundamental knowledge of database concepts. Topics studied will include the history and advantages of database systems, and the process of database design including entity-relationship diagrams and database normalization. Students will have hands-on experience using SQL (Structured Query Language). Prerequisite(s): (BCS 120 or CSC 111) and BCS 160 all with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 200

## BCS 262 Data Communications

This course is an introduction to the concepts and applications of computer networking and its role in the business world today. Topics include: history of networking and applications, voice and data communications, hardware, transmission, network topologies, network analysis, the OSI model, design, implementation and management issues.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 200

## BCS 300 Management Information Systems

Managers have increasing responsibility for determining their information system needs and for designing and implementing information systems that support these needs. Management information systems integrate, for purposes of information requirements, the accounting, finance, and operations management functions of an organization. This course will examine the various levels and types of software and information systems required by an organization to integrate these functions. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109, BCS 109, BUS 111, or BCS 160
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 301 Systems Analysis and Design

This course explores the major issues in the analysis and design of a system, including methods of data collection, information requirements analysis and the analysis process. Emphasis is placed on the importance of the user in the design process and focuses on approaches that improve the successful implementation of a computer system. Topics include general systems theory, Systems Development Life Cycle, data flow diagrams, data dictionary, hardware and software evaluation, feasibility analysis, CASE tools and prototyping. Students are required to work in teams and demonstrate their skill in using project management and diagramming application software. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101, BCS 260, BCS 300, and (BCS 230 or CSC 211), all with a grade of C or higher and Junior Level Status.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 302 Systems Analysis and Design II

This is an advanced course in Systems Analysis and Design. Students will utilize the tools covered in BCS 301 to analyze system designs. Topics covered in the design phase will include input, output, and database and user interface design. A CASE Tool and/or other rapid application development tools will be used to create the interfaces. Additional topics in the implementation and maintenance phases will include testing, implementation and maintenance. Object-oriented systems and UML will also be covered. Students will analyze and prepare various case projects and will present and document their results. Prerequisite(s): BCS 301 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 305 Data Visualization

Data visualization describes any effort to help people understand the significance of data by placing it in a visual context. Patterns, trends and correlations that might go undetected in text-based or spreadsheet data are recognized using data visualization software. In this course, students will use data visualization software to display data using infographics, dials and gauges, geographic maps, spark lines, and heat maps, as well as creating detailed bar, pie, and fever charts. These maps and charts will include interactive capabilities, enabling users to manipulate the data or drill into the data for querying and analysis. Prerequisite(s): BCS 300 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 307 Legacy Application Development

The date in which the era of modern software development started is a topic of contention within the computer science community. What is universally accepted, however, is that a significant number of large "legacy" software systems that predate this era are still in use. These legacy software systems require trained technical personnel to support them. In this course students will focus on hands-on development of applications in a legacy coding language chosen by the instructor. At the conclusion of the course, students will be well equipped to join a software development and maintenance group as a junior member. Prerequisite(s): BCS 230 or CSC 211 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 311 Local Area Networks and Server Administration

This course will provide an introduction to local area networking concepts. These ideas will be explored in conjunction with an introduction to the concepts and tools necessary to implement, administer and troubleshoot the Microsoft Windows network. Hands-on experience will be used in the presentation of system administration tools. Prerequisite(s): BCS 262 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 315 UNIX Operating Systems II

This course further develops the knowledge of UNIX with an emphasis on the practice skills required to deploy and administer modern Unix and Linux systems. Topics include selecting and installing operating systems, adding users, virtualization, and the configuration and management of storage, networks and servers. Particular stress is paid system administration practices that foster the creation and maintenance of scalable and secure systems. Prerequisite(s): BCS 215 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 316 PERL Programming

This course provides an introduction to programming in the Perl language. Students will learn the Perl syntax, the basics of using regular expressions, how to use Perl data types, and how to access and manipulate files. Students are also introduced to database connectivity and debugging techniques. Prerequisite(s): BCS 215 and (BCS 230 or CSC 211) all with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 317 Enterprise Resource Planning

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is an organizational and information systems approach that integrates planning, customer relationship management, decision making, master scheduling, material requirements planning, marketing, forecasting, sales, finance, electronic commerce, and human resources. The course will include lectures and extensive use of supporting ERP software. Note: Students completing this course cannot receive credit for BUS 317. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109 or BUS 300 or BCS 300
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 318 Virtualization and Cloud Computing

This course explores installation, configuration, and management of VMware® vSphere™, which consists of VMware ESXi/ESX™ and VMware vCenter™Server. In addition, use of Virtualization Servers with Storage Area Networks and Network Attached Storage Technologies will be discussed. This advanced course prepares the student to understand OS virtualization, Storage Virtualization, and Cloud Computing. Prerequisite(s): BCS 215 and BCS 262 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 320 Enterprise Networking, Security, and Administration

Enterprise Networking, Security, and Automation describes the necessary architecture, components, operations, and security considerations required to scale for large, complex networks, including wide area network technologies. The course emphasizes network security concepts and introduces network virtualization and automation. Students learn how to configure, troubleshoot, and secure enterprise network devices and understand how application programming interfaces and configuration management tools enable network automation. Prerequisite(s): BCS 209 with a C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 321 Connecting Networks

This course discusses the Wide Area Network (WAN) technologies and network services required by converged applications in a complex network. The course enables students to understand the selection criteria of network devices and WAN technologies to meet network requirements. Students learn how to configure and troubleshoot network devices and resolve common issues with data link protocols. Students will also develop the knowledge and skills needed to implement IPSec and virtual private network (VPN) operations in a complex network. Prerequisite(s): BCS 209 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 323 Digital Transformation through Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources without active management by the user. The explosive growth in cloud computing has sparked a digital transformation, where business processes are changed by the migration to the cloud. This course will provide students with an overview of specifying and procuring cloud services and resources, and migrating existing storage and applications from company managed hardware into the cloud. Students will study cloud concepts, commercial cloud services, security, architecture, and budgeting. Students will gain hands-on experience provisioning and deploying applications on a commercial cloud. Prerequisite(s): (BCS 208 or BCS 262) and BCS 260 and BCS 215
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 332 Fundamentals of Assembly Language Programming

This course provides an introduction to assembly language programming. Concepts discussed include basic computer organization and architecture, instruction set design, the call stack, data representation, addressing, and I/O. A number of programming assignments give students the opportunity to practice assembly language on one or more architectures chosen by the instructor. Prerequisite(s): BCS 230 or CSC 211 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 340 Introduction to Algorithms

This course provides an introduction to efficient solutions for a variety of algorithmic problems commonly encountered in application programming. Problems are discussed and students are guided through the discovery of progressively more efficient solutions. Areas to be discussed may include trees, graphs, sorting, searching, and testing. Advanced techniques, including recursion, dynamic programming, greedy algorithms and parallel programming may be used to solve some of the problems. Small programming assignments will be required to illustrate an understanding of the details of the algorithms. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for CSC 329. Prerequisite(s): (BCS 230 or CSC 211) with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 345 JAVA Programming

This course is designed for students with some experience with programming. The syntax of the Java programming language, object-oriented programming, creating graphical user interfaces (GUI), exceptions, file input/output (I/O), and how to create Java applications and applets will be covered. Prerequisite(s): (BCS 230 or CSC 211) with grade of a C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 350 Web Database Development

This advanced course prepares the student to use database management systems with web server software to develop and maintain the information content of a web site. Students in the course should have prior knowledge of programming and database management systems. Prerequisite(s): BCS 260 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 360 Programming in SQL

The second in a two course sequence applies the knowledge of BCS260 to administer and implement relational database systems. Topics covered may include: embedded SQL and other mixed language mechanisms; PL/SQL; advanced/optimized SQL queries; transaction management including concurrency and recovery; schema refinement; higher-level normal forms; integrity; security; and database administration. Prerequisite(s): (BCS 230 or CSC 211) and BCS 260 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 370 Data Structures

This course will present sequential and linked representations of various built-in and abstract data structures including arrays, records, stacks, queues and trees. Algorithms will be developed relating to various sorting and searching techniques, merging and recursion. A high-level structured programming language, such as C, using both static and dynamic storage concepts, will be used in exploring and developing these algorithms. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for CSC 229. Prerequisite(s): (BCS 230 or CSC 211) with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 372 Foundations of Theoretical Computer Science

Computer science theory has implications both for what problems programmers choose to solve and for how they solve them. This course introduces students who are familiar with the craft of programming to the underlying theory. Topics discussed include selections from automata theory, computability theory, and complexity theory. Prerequisite(s): (BCS 230 or CSC 211), MTH 130 and Junior or Senior Status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 375 Legal and Ethical Issues in Database and System Administration

In response to privacy concerns and the growth of big data, governments have instituted legal restrictions on access to and on storage of certain forms of data, for example health records. This course explores ethical and legal issues relating to computers, with a particular emphasis on the ethical and legal obligations of system administrators and others with extraordinary access to personal data stored on computers. Prerequisite(s): BCS 215, EGL 102 and Junior Status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 377 Web Development Frameworks

The desire for a cutting-edge web application depends on the product or the business that the application is intended for, however, some features are similar among many of the applications. Examples include registration, validation, form processing, and connecting to a database. Programmers can build these features from scratch, but these features are built into the frameworks. Using the frameworks allows programmers to save time and concentrate on building web applications instead of writing and debugging off-the-shelf functionality. In this course, we will discuss how to build webpages using modern frameworks. Prerequisite(s): BCS 240 or BCS 235 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 378 Information Security

This course introduces students to the principles and practices of computer and network security. Topics covered include fundamental concepts and principles of computer security, basic cryptography, public key infrastructure, authentication and access control, threats and vulnerabilities, intrusion detection/prevention systems and network security, operating system security, software and data security, web security, and managerial and ethical issues in computer security. Prerequisite(s): BCS 262 and (BCS 230 or CSC 211) all with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 380 Advanced Database Programming

This course will provide a detailed examination of a relational database management system and its procedural language such as Oracle and PL/SQL or SQL Server and T-SQL. General programming concepts such as conditional and iterative control, error handling and built-in exceptions will be discussed. Covered in more detail will be topics such as cursors, triggers, and the stored functions, procedures and packages. These topics will then be explored through laboratory assignments using a RDBMS such as Oracle or SQL server. Prerequisite(s): BCS 360 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 390 Database Administration and Security

This course provides the knowledge necessary to handle database administration and database security. Topics studied may include installation and configuration of a database, managing and securing user resources and privileges, data integrity, networking, optimization, and backup and recovery. Hands-on activities with a major commercial DBMS will be assigned to complement the lectures and written work and to develop practical skills. Prerequisite(s): BCS 260 and BCS 215 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 300

## BCS 405 IS Development Project Management

This course will cover Project Management tools and techniques for Systems Development projects. Students will learn Project Management, Scope Management, Time Management, Cost Management, Quality Management, Human Resource Management and Communications Management all in the context of running successful information systems development and implementation projects. MS project will be used as a tool to managing all of these areas. Prerequisite(s): BCS 300 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 410 Computer Architecture

Computer Architecture is the study of hardware and software components of business information systems. Thorough understanding of the workings of the digital computer system is expected. Topics include: hardware components, the machine cycle, binary arithmetic, systems software, and assembly language. These topics are evaluated with respect to their impact on the development of business information systems. Two semesters of a programming language required. Prerequisite(s): Two semesters of a programming language required with a grade of C or higher and BCS 262 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 413 Advanced Enterprise Resource Planning

This advanced-level Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) course includes high-level information technology coverage of Scheduling, Planning, MRP, Logistics, Warehousing, Procurement, Quality, Vendor Management, Cost Accounting, Forecasting, KPI, Supply Chain, and Customer Resource Management. Also covered are concepts and software applications pertaining to product design, development, manufacturing (production), marketing, sales, and field service. This course emphasizes proficiency in the skill sets typically required within industry practices. Prerequisite(s): BUS 300 or BCS 300 and (BUS 317 or BCS 317)
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 415 Operating System Internals and Design

This course will involve the study of the fundamentals of operating systems design and implementation. The concepts covered include process management, memory management, file systems, I/O system management, distributed systems, and security. Students will examine how these concepts are found in several current open-source operating systems, including Vista, UNIX and/or Linux. Prerequisite(s): BCS 215 and CSC 325 all with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 421 Android Mobile Application Development

This course provides an introduction to Android mobile application development. Techniques for designing the user interface will be discussed. The Android application lifecycle and issues related to managing limited resources such as battery and memory will be covered. Storing application data using a database and the cloud will be explored. Students will receive hands-on experience using the Android mobile application development platform. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 or BCS 345 with a C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 422 iOS Mobile Application Development

This course provides an introduction to iOS mobile application development for Apple devices. Students will be introduced to the Swift programming language. Emphasis will be placed on good programming practices, on object oriented techniques, and on using established design patterns for mobile applications. Students will receive hands-on experience using the Xcode development environment to build example apps. Prerequisite(s): BCS 345 or BCS 370 or CSC 229 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 425 Business Intelligence and Data Warehousing

Business Intelligence is the transformation of data into actionable information. This information is used by businesses to drive high-level decision making. This course is concerned with extracting data from the information systems that deal with the day-to-day operations and transforming it into data that can be used for decision making. Students will learn how to design and create a data warehouse, and how to utilize the process of extracting, transforming, and loading (ETL) data into data warehouses. Students will design and construct dynamic reports using the data warehouse and multi-dimensional online analytical processing (OLAP) cubes as the data source. Prerequisite(s): BCS 260 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 426 C# Programming

This course is an introduction to the C# (“C-Sharp”) programming language for students with existing programming experience. The course covers the syntax of the C# programming language, .NET (“dot net”) infrastructure, creating graphical user interfaces, using databases, using web services, and multithreading. Students will be required to complete a number of practical programming assignments to solidify their knowledge of the language and its application. Prerequisite(s): CSC 325 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 427 Game Programming

The course covers the theoretical and practical foundations of video game development using the modern game engines. Students will learn the following: to develop a game concept; prototype, test, and iterate on their ideas; and navigate licensing, marketing, and other considerations This course builds a solid foundation for industry roles as a gameplay designer, technical designer, or programmer. This course discusses current techniques such as Mixed Reality and Navigation with Artificial Intelligence. Students will receive hands-on experience with several practical projects. Prerequisite(s): BCS 345 or CSC 229 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 428 Large Software System Development

This course introduces students to the tools and processes used in software development for large systems. Through the use of open source projects, the students will explore the build environment, version control, and the testing tools used to produce code involving large numbers of programmers and product managers. Programming project management techniques, such as Agile, and best practices for programming will also be introduced and discussed. Prerequisite(s): CSC 325 or BCS 370 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 430W Senior Project (Writing Intensive)

The primary objective of this course is to give Computer Programming and Information Systems students an opportunity to integrate techniques and concepts acquired in their other courses. Elements will be drawn primarily from BCS301 (Systems Analysis and Design) and BCS260 (Database), in addition to other courses in the student's selected track of study. The course is experiential in nature i.e. the student will be required to produce results for use by real individuals and will be evaluated both on process and product. In addition to prerequisites, a second level programming course with a grade of C or better, and Senior level status is required. This is a writing-intensive course. Note: Students cannot get credit for BSC 430 and 430W; BCS 430W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the Computer Programming and Info Systems Department. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101, BCS 350, CSC 325 and BCS 301 all with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 440 CPIS Internship

In this course, the student works under the tutelage of a professional who serves as site supervisor in an organization that provides information services. The work done by the student is guided by learning objectives agreed to by the site supervisor, the faculty member and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports, and a final report on their experience to the client and to the department. The course offers an ideal opportunity to test theory in practice and to gain experience in a realistic information provision situation. The experience is expected to be mutually beneficial for the organization and student. Prerequisite(s): Junior Status and GPA >=3.0.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 450 Special Topics in Computer Programming and Information Systems

Courses that range from 450-451 will cover topics not covered in the regular curriculum. Topics may vary from term to term and reflect the interests of students, faculty and industry. Topics may include wireless communications, rapid application development and other emerging technologies. Prerequisite(s): Permission of Department Chair
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 451 Special Topics

Courses that range from 450-451 will cover topics not covered in the regular curriculum. Topics may vary from term to term and reflect the interests of students, faculty and industry. Topics may include wireless communications, rapid application development and other emerging technologies. Prerequisite(s): Permission of Department Chair
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BCS 460 Independent Study

This is an independent study course designed to offer the student experience in research of a specialized area of interest. The student will have an opportunity to work individually or with a group in designing, developing and presenting a research project. The topic must be approved by a faculty member. Students will be required to submit full documentation and present their final results. Prerequisite(s): Permission of Department Chair
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
COMPUTER SYSTEMS 400

## BIO 120 General Biology

With a focus on building bridges between students’ lives and foundational topics in the field, General Biology is an introductory survey course of cellular and evolutionary biology. Students learn the biological underpinnings of topics like diets, cloning, stem cell research, genetic engineering, extinction, and climate change. Biodiversity is also emphasized through the study of evolution and the impacts our species has had on the world. Laboratory exercises provide hands-on examination of lecture topics, while emphasizing common research techniques. Note: BIO 120 is approved in the Natural Sciences General Education Competency Area and can serve as a lower-level laboratory science elective within the Liberal Arts. However it does not satisfy Bioscience Core requirements and cannot be used as a substitute for either BIO 130 or BIO 131. Note: The laboratory course, BIO 120L is a part of your grade for this course. Corequisite(s): BIO 120L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 121 Health, Heredity, and Behavior

Health, Heredity, and Behavior is a 3 credit, non-lab course. It focuses on the most common and clinically significant diseases and conditions that afflict modern developed societies, first building a foundation of the basic anatomy and physiology necessary to understand the disorder, then exploring the experiences of the people afflicted. The inherited and lifestyle risks associated with disorder are discussed and strategies to reduce those risks are investigated. This course is appropriate for non-science majors.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 123 Human Body in Health and Disease

This course is an inquiry into the mechanism of diseases that plague human beings. A systemic approach is taken in which all the major systems of the human body and the significant diseases that affect those systems are studied. Emphasis is on failures of homeostasis as the basic mechanisms of disease. Included are discussions on available treatments and therapies, the impact of new technological developments, and maintaining health and avoiding disease. The laboratory component contains both traditional and computer-generated exercises, which illustrate the onset and development of a variety of diseases and pathological states. Note: BIO 123 is approved in the Natural Sciences General Education Competency Area and can serve as a lower-level laboratory science elective within the Liberal Arts. However it does not satisfy Bioscience Core requirements and cannot be used as a substitute for either BIO 130 or BIO 131. Note: The laboratory course, BIO 123L is a part of your grade for this course. Corequisite(s): BIO 123L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 130 Biological Principles I

This course deals with biological processes primarily at the molecular and cellular level, and develops the foundations of evolutionary and ecological concepts. There is a study of cell structure, and an examination of cellular composition and metabolic processes including enzyme activity, respiration, and photosynthesis. Principles of genetics are studied at the cellular and molecular level, with reference to current techniques in molecular biology. Evolutionary mechanisms are introduced and ecological concepts are presented as a unifying theme. Note: BIO 130 is the first course in the required two-semester introductory sequence in the Bioscience Curriculum Core. It is also approved in the Natural Sciences General Education Competency Area and can serve as a lower-level laboratory science elective within the Liberal Arts. Note: The laboratory course, BIO 130L is a part of your grade for this course. Corequisite(s): BIO 130L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 131 Biological Principles II

This course deals with biological processes primarily at the organismal level, and examines the diversity of living things. The origins and adaptations of the Prokaryota, Protista, and Fungi are explored, with emphasis on their ecological roles, economic value, and medical significance. Plant life cycles are introduced, and plant structure, physiology, and utilization are studied. The evolution and adaptations of various animal phyla are presented, with a consideration of structure and function in each; organ systems are studied with emphasis on humans as representative vertebrates. Note: BIO 131 is the second course in the required two-semester introductory in the Bioscience Curriculum Core. It is also approved in the Natural Sciences General Education Competency Area and can serve as a lower-level laboratory science elective within the Liberal Arts. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 131L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 130 Corequisite(s): BIO 131L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 135 Marine Science

Spanning the disciplines of geology, chemistry, physics, and biology, this course aims to provide a fundamental understanding of how oceans work. Topics covered include the chemistry of seawater, tides and ocean circulation, types of marine ecosystems and their major flora/fauna, marine biotechnology, and challenges currently facing marine ecosystems. Particular emphasis will be given to the impact of humans on ocean health and the impact of climate change on marine ecosystems. The laboratory component will introduce principles and techniques applicable to research problems in marine science. Field trips will play an important part of the laboratory course, to support lecture topics and to provide an understanding and appreciation of Long island Marine Ecosystems. Note: The laboratory course, BIO 135L is a part of your grade for this course. Corequisite(s): BIO 135L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 166 Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology

This is a one semester integrated survey of human anatomy and physiology, covering the major physiological and morphological relationships of the human organ systems. The design of this course is appropriate preparation for Dental Hygiene, Medical Laboratory Technology, and certain other allied health professions, but it does not satisfy the requirements of the Nursing Curriculum. The major theme of the course is the integrative pathways and regulatory processes that maintain the homeostasis of the body. Note: BIO 166 does not satisfy the requirements of the Nursing Curriculum and cannot be used as a substitute for either BIO 170 or BIO 171. It is approved in the Natural Sciences General Education Competency Area and can serve as lower-level laboratory science elective within Liberal Arts. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 166L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): High School biology with a lab or BIO 120 or 123 or 130; High School or College chemistry recommended. Corequisite(s): BIO 166L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 170 Human Anatomy and Physiology I

This is the first semester of a two-semester sequence in which human anatomy and physiology are studied using a body systems approach, with emphasis on the interrelationships between form and function at the gross and microscopic levels of organization. This sequence is appropriate preparation for nursing and other allied health professions. Topics included in Anatomy and Physiology I are: basic anatomical and directional terminology, fundamental concepts and principles of cell biology, histology, and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Students may not receive credit for both BIO 170 and BIO 270. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 170L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): High School biology with a lab or BIO 120 or 123 or 130; High School or College chemistry recommended Corequisite(s): BIO 170L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 171 Human Anatomy and Physiology II

This is the second semester of a two-semester sequence in which human anatomy and physiology are studied using a body systems approach, with emphasis on the interrelationships between form and function at the gross and microscopic levels of organization. This sequence is appropriate preparation for nursing and other allied health professions. Topics include Anatomy and Physiology II are: the endocrine system, the cardiovascular system, the lymphatic system and immunity, the respiratory system, the digestive system, metabolism, the urinary system, fluid/electrolyte and acid/base balance; and the reproductive systems. Note: students may not receive credit for both BIO 171 and BIO 271. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 171L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 170 Corequisite(s): BIO 171L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 192 Botany

An introduction to the biology of plants and their ancestors. Topics include cell structure and function, cell chemistry, photosynthesis and cellular respiration. The tissues, roots, stems and leaves are studied covering such topics as conduction, absorption, translocation and reproduction. A phylogenetic comparison among plant groups and their ancestors is the underlying theme. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 192L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Corequisite(s): BIO 192L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 193 Zoology

An introduction to the biology of animals and their ancestors. Topics include structure and function of cells, tissues, organs and organ systems in animals. Genetics, development, behavior, ecology, and the evolution of major phyla are covered. A comparative approach is taken in studying the invertebrates and vertebrates including man. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 193L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Corequisite(s): BIO 193L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 197 Human Biology

An introductory course that teaches biological principles by emphasizing the structural and functional aspects of the human body, especially as they relate to everyday existence. Includes discussion of important collateral issues such as the nature and course of disease, smoking and health, drug abuse, immunity and allergy, human genetics, birth-control, over-population, and sexually transmitted disease.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 198 Entomology

The nature, structure, growth, and habits of insects and related forms are discussed. The beneficial and injurious effects of insects are covered. Recent breakthroughs and developments in the field of entomology are discussed. Skills are developed which enable the student to identify insect plant pests, diseases and injuries. Control measures and application equipment are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the various pest management options available to the homeowner and professionals in the field. IPM (integrated pest management) involves an understanding of pesticides, physical and mechanical controls, biological controls, cultural controls, and legal controls. Laws regulating the activities of pest control operators and the application of hazardous pesticides are discussed. A collection of insects and related forms is required. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 198L is a part of your grade for this course. Corequisite(s): BIO 198L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 100

## BIO 210 Introduction to Bioscience

Moving beyond the basic concepts of general biology, this class explores how biology is used in both academic and commercial settings within the fields of biotechnology, pharmaceutical and clinical sciences. Topics will include: applications of biotechnology in microbes, plants, and animals, the human genome project and its relation to medical biotechnology, DNA forensics, and pharmaceutical drug discovery, delivery, and FDA approval. The debate surrounding subjects such as cloning, stem cells, and genetically modified foods will also be discussed. Prerequisite(s): BIO 130 with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 212 Bioscience Laboratory Practices

This course is designed to enable students to develop understanding of and proficient technical ability in basic bioscience laboratory practices. There is an in-depth presentation of laboratory safety standards, utilization of material safety data sheets, and the theoretical basis for a full range of preparatory and analytical methods and the opportunity to develop expertise in these methods with a variety of laboratory equipment. Students are required to maintain a laboratory notebook, analyze and display data in graphic form, and report results in a standard format. Prerequisite(s): BIO 130 with a grade of C- or higher. Corequisite(s): BIO 212L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 221 Oral Microbiology

This course will focus on the role of microbes as causative agents of disease in human hosts, with a specific focus on the microbiome of the mouth. Topics will include the morphological characterization of pathogenic species, classification of communicable diseases and epidemiology aspects, host-parasite relationship, host-resistance mechanisms, and diagnostic methods in medical practice. The course covers the normal oral flora as well as the bacteria that initiate caries, periodontal, and oral abscesses. The course will discuss antiviral agents as well as antibiotics that treat fungal and bacterial infections. The major bacterial, prion, viral, fungal, and parasitic diseases are covered. Additional topics include sterilization, disinfection methods and contamination control. Note: The laboratory course, BIO 221L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 166 or BIO 170 or 171 with a grade of C or higher. Corequisite(s): BIO 221L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 235 Marine Biology

The ecological principles of the marine environment will be examined. There will be an emphasis on the classification, identification and economic importance of both the animals (Protozoa-Chordata) and the algae (microscopic and macroscopic). The flora and fauna of the Long Island region will be stressed with field trips and collections being an integral part of the course. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 235L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 130 or 131 or 192. Corequisite(s): BIO 235L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 240 Bioethics

This course will cover ethical issues raised as a result of modern advances in biotechnology which directly affect the quality of human life. Bioethics comprises every possible aspect of health care: medical, moral, political, religious, legal and financial. It scrutinizes outmoded laws and deals with the enormous growth in available medical services. It takes into account our views of ourselves as members of a humane society. Note: This course is also offered as a writing intensive course at the discretion of the department. Students cannot get credit for BIO 240 and BIO 240W. Prerequisite(s): One course of college biology with a C- or higher; for the writing intensive version, EGL 101 with a grade of C or higher is also required.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 256 Environmental Sampling & Analysis

Proper field techniques for sampling the water, land, and air environments will be emphasized. Laboratory procedures will involve the analysis of both chemical and biological parameters, including wastewater analysis, using New York State approved methodology. Vegetative transecting and beach contouring will also be included. Data presentation and report writing will be emphasized. Field trips and study will be an integral and required part of this course. Discussion of environmental laws and impact statements will be included. Note: The laboratory course, BIO 256L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): One course of college biology with a laboratory and one semester of college chemistry with a laboratory. Corequisite(s): BIO 256L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 270 Anatomy and Physiology I

BIO 270 is a course in which human anatomy and physiology are studied using a body systems approach, with emphasis on the interrelationships between form and function at the gross and microscopic levels of organization. This sequence is appropriate for students with a strong foundation in basic biological principles. Anatomy and Physiology I includes: anatomical and directional terminology, histology, and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, and endocrine systems. Note: The required course sequence for nursing students is BIO 170 and 171. Students may not receive credit for both BIO 170 and BIO 270. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 270L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 130 or equivalent with a C- or higher. Corequisite(s): BIO 270L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 271 Anatomy and Physiology II

BIO 271 is a course in which human anatomy and physiology are studied using a body systems approach, with emphasis on the interrelationships between form and function at the gross and microscopic levels of organization. This sequence is appropriate for students with a strong foundation in basic biological principles. Anatomy & Physiology II includes: the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive, and immune systems, metabolism, and acid-base balance. Note: The required course sequence for nursing students is BIO 170 and 171. Students may not receive credit for both BIO 171 and BIO 271. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 271L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 130 or equivalent with a C- or higher. Corequisite(s): BIO 271L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 290 Entomology II

Methods of greenhouse pest and disease control, including identification of major families of pests, diagnosis of diseases, principles of cultural and chemical control, and a survey of pests and diseases associated with economically important greenhouse crops. Note: The laboratory course, BIO 290L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 198 or 192. Corequisite(s): BIO 290L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 294 Vertebrate Physiology

This course investigates the principles of physiology in vertebrates with emphasis on mechanism of integration and homeostasis at the cellular, organ and system level. It explores the comparative, experimental and evolutionary aspects of all vertebrate classes and surveys the impact of recent advances in cellular and molecular biology on this branch of the biological sciences. Corequisite(s): BIO 295L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 295 BIO 295L Vertebrate Physiology (Lab)

This laboratory course is an inquiry into the experimental methods and models for understanding vertebrate physiology. It will explore the comparative, experimental and evolutionary aspects of the mechanisms of integration and homeostasis among select vertebrate classes. Laboratory exercises incorporate computer software-based exercises with classic physiology experiments designed to illustrate both the basic concepts of physiology as well as the comparative nature of these events in a number of vertebrate species. Corequisite(s): BIO 294
• Level: 200
• Credits: 1 (0,3)
BIOLOGY 200

## BIO 310 Ichthyology

This course is a study of fishes with a focus on fish diversity and evolution, fish form and function, and the importance of fisheries. The origin and diversification of major fish groups will be explored through fish taxonomy and phylogenetics. Comparative anatomy and physiology will highlight adaptations of fishes to historical and contemporary environments. Other aspects offish biology will include an overview of fish development, behavior, biogeography, and ecology. Local fishes and fisheries of Long Island will be emphasized. Note: The laboratory course, BIO 3XXL is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 131 with a grade of C- or higher Corequisite(s): BIO 310L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 316 General Microbiology

Based on contemporary applications of microbiology, this course is designed to present both fundamental concepts of microbial physiology and growth, as well as microbial control measures ranging from aseptic procedures to chemical antibiosis. The role of microorganisms in natural ecosystems, research, and human infection will be explored, with emphasis on prokaryotic genetics and metabolism. Mechanisms of evolution will be discussed within the context of emerging pathogens and novel bioengineered organisms. The dynamics between the human microbiome and resistance to infection will be presented along with basic epidemiological models. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 316L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 210 and BIO 212 with a grade of C- or higher Corequisite(s): BIO 316L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 318 Medical Microbiology

This course focuses on the role of microbes as causative agents of disease in human hosts, including the morphological characteristics of pathogenic species, classification of communicable diseases, and epidemiological aspects. The course will emphasize common bacterial, viral, and fungal infections. Both the laboratory and lecture will contain sections on the mode of action of antibiotics, sterilization, disinfection methods and contamination control. The course will elaborate on infectious agents (viral, prions, bacteria, fungi, and parasites) that cause disease. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 318, is part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 130 and 131) or (BIO 171) or (BIO 270 or BIO 271) all with a grade of C- or higher Corequisite(s): BIO 318L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 325 Evolution

This is a lecture-based course designed to introduce the study of evolutionary biology and its many components. Topics will range from molecular evolution and phylogenetics to the micro and macro evolutionary trends that have led to the world’s biodiversity. The course includes extensive primary literature use, focusing on both recent literature and classic papers within the field. Prerequisite(s): BIO 131 with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 330 Principles of Ecology

The course introduces the student to the nature of ecosystems, community organization and dynamics, and population growth and regulation through the understanding and use of modern ecological techniques. The laboratory will be primarily focused on the analysis of field data collected by students. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 330L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110, BIO 131 with a C- or higher and Junior Status. Corequisite: BIO 330L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 335 Plant Systematics

An introduction to systematics using vascular plants as the model organisms. Lecture material for this course will cover all aspects of systematics from basic nomenclature, taxonomy and systematic methods through modern molecular systematics and cladistics. Lab material will cover plant morphology and the identification of characteristics across plant lineages and their relationship to systematics. Note: The laboratory course, BIO 335L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s) BIO 131 or BIO 192 or BIO 198 with a C- or higher and Junior Status. Corequisite(s): BIO 335L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 340 Biopharmaceutical Regulation

This course introduces the student to Current Good Laboratory Practice (cGCP), Current Good Clinical Practice (cGCP) and Current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) as defined in the Code of federal Regulations Title 21. These regulations apply to all aspects of testing, clinical trials and manufacturing of Biopharmaceutical products under the authority of the Food and Drug Administration. The course will examine the application of these regulations to the bioprocessing, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, cosmeceutical and allied industries. Prerequisite(s): BIO 210 with grade of a C- or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 343 Principles of Genetics

Students will understand and be able to apply basic principles of genetic analysis. These principles include the Mendelian laws of inheritance, factors that contribute to modification of Mendelian patterns, chromosome organization, genetic variation, the structure of selected eukaryotic and prokaryotic genomes and the analysis of the genetic makeup of populations. Note: Bioscience and/or MLS students taking BIO 343 must also take BIO 344L either during the same semester or after completion of BIO 343L. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 130, 131, 210, 212, and MTH 110) or (BIO 130, MLS 227 and MTH 110) all with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 344 BIO 344L Principles of Genetics Lab

Laboratory exercises include both computer simulations and the use of living organisms to illustrate genetic principles and techniques. Students will collect data utilizing standard genetics investigational techniques. Note: BIO 343 is a prerequisite OR a corequisite for this course. BIO 343 must be taken either prior to or during the same semester as BIO 344L. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 130, 131, 210, 212, and MTH 110) or (BIO 130, MLS 227 and MTH 110) all with a grade of C- or higher. Corequisite(s): BIO 343
• Level: 300
• Credits: 1 (0,3)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 345 Introduction to Bioinformatics

This course is intended to teach the basic tools used in bioinformatics in order to investigate biological questions. Students will conduct independent projects utilizing existing computer programs and databases for gene searches, sequence comparisons, and phylogenetic analysis. Prerequisite(s): BIO 343, BIO 344L, BCS 101 or BCS 102 all with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 348 Cell Biology

This course investigates how cells develop, work, communicate, and control their activities. Topics include basic biochemistry and metabolism, DNA structure and function, membrane/organelle function and transport, cell communication, the cytoskeleton, and cell division. At the completion of this course the student should be able to engage in the broad themes of cell and molecular biology, and to relate these concepts to other studies in biology and other disciplines. Note: Bioscience and/or MLS students taking BIO 348 must also take BIO 349L either during the same semester or after completion of BIO 348. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 130, 131, 210 and 212) or (BIO 130 and MLS 227) all with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 349 BIO 349L Cell Biology (Lab)

This course introduces students to the theory and methodology of protocols routinely used in research laboratories investigating cell structure and function. Students have the opportunity to use both common and high tech instruments to perform weekly laboratory exercises. Experimental design, controls and data presentation and analysis are emphasized. Note: BIO 348 is a prerequisite OR a co-requisite for this course. BIO 348 must be taken either prior to or during the same semester as BIO 349L. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 130, 131, 210 and 212) or (BIO 130 and MLS 227) all with a grade of C- or higher. Corequisite(s): BIO 348
• Level: 300
• Credits: 1 (0,3)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 353 Essentials of Plant Pathology

The study of the development of plant diseases caused by Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protists, Bacteria, Viruses and Virolds. Major diseases of economically important plants are emphasized. The disease process and disease cycles for representative pathogens are covered in relation to plant disease control methods. Prerequisite(s): BIO 192 with a grade of C- or higher and Junior Status. Corequisite(s): BIO 354L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 354 BIO 354L Essentials of Plant Pathology (Lab)

The laboratory is designed to enable the student to acquire skills in collection and examination methods used for the diagnosis of plant diseases produced by biotic and abiotic agents, using microbial isolation and culturing techniques where applicable. The student will learn to recognize and identify (directly or indirectly) biotic plant pathogens among the Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protists, Bacteria, Viruses and Viroids. Prerequisite(s): BIO 192 with a grade of C- or higher and Junior Status. Corequisite(s): BIO 353
• Level: 300
• Credits: 1 (0,2)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 355 Ecological Topics: The Structure and Function of Nature

This course introduces students to basic ecological concepts as they relate to the biotic and abiotic environment. It stresses the diversity of life and the impact that man, other organisms and environment have on each other. Laboratory exercises and field work will investigate the effects organisms have on each other as well as the effects of environmental conditions on growth and development. Students will also characterize the nature of selected site(s) in terms of species diversity using plot sampling techniques. Seminar type discussions require individuals or small groups to explore environmental issues. Topics for these discussions will be submitted to the instructor for appropriateness and approval. Students will be required to research and prepare a paper as well as make a presentation to the class. The class will be given the opportunity to question each speaker following that individual's presentation. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 355L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 131 or BIO 192 or BIO 198 with a grade of C- or higher and Junior Status. Corequisite(s): BIO 355L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 365 Neurology of Pain

BIO 365 is a comprehensive study of the various neurogenic mechanisms central to the study and understanding of pain is the focus of this lecture-based course. In addition, Clinical neuroanatomy and physiology will be reviewed. Emphasis will be placed on organic/root causes of pain pertaining to symptom specific generators. Also, a broad base review will be aimed at exploring the psychodynamic components of pain. This includes, but is not limited to topics in addiction, brain reward cascades, and arousal mechanisms. The final portion of this course includes discussion of the various methods of pain mitigation and measurement. Strong clinical applications will be emphasized throughout the course. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 130 or BIO 170 with a grade of C- or higher) and (Junior Status or BIO 318 with a grade of C- or higher).
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 375 Invertebrate Zoology

This course is a survey of the major invertebrate groups, starting with sponges and ending with the closest relatives to vertebrates. Invertebrates represent 95% of all animal life, and a thorough understanding of their anatomy, physiology, and evolutionary history has many connections to the study of ecology, systematics, parasitology, and medicine. Lectures will focus on the evolutionary history, physiology, ecology, and human-health impacts these organisms have, while the dissection-based lab will present a comparative anatomical approach of physical structures. Note: The laboratory course, 375L, is part of your grade and a required co-requisite. Prerequisite(s): BIO 131, BIO 210, and BIO 212 with a grade of C- or higher. Corequisite(s): BIO 375L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 380 Pre-Professional Experience I*AL(ACIN)

Recommended students will engage in one of the following for at least 135 hours: 1) health care volunteer work that involves patient assistance in the health care environment; 2) shadowing of a health care professional (physician, physician assistant, physical therapist, occupational therapist, dentist, veterinarian etc...). The final grade is assigned by the Internship Coordinator based on consultation with the supervisor/health professional and evaluation of reports, logs and a final report prepared by the student. Students must submit a resume to the internship coordinator at least 3 months before registering for the course. Prerequisite(s): Junior Status in Bioscience and (BIO 130 and 131) or BIO 166 or (BIO 170 and BIO 171) or BIO 318 or BIO 414 with a grade of C- or higher, recommendation by two Biology faculty members, submission of a resume to the Internship Coordinator at least 3 months prior to registering for the course, approval of the Internship Coordinator; additional courses in Human Anatomy and Physiology and/or Medical Microbiology recommended for some sites.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (0,9)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 381 Pre-Professional Experience II

Recommended for students engaged in one of the following for at least 135 hours: 1) health care volunteer work that involves patient assistance in the health care environment; 2) shadowing of a health care professional (physician, physician assistant, physical therapist, occupational therapist, dentist, veterinarian, etc.) The final grade is assigned by the Internship Coordinator based on consultation with the supervisor/health professional and evaluation of reports, logs, and a final report prepared by the student. Prerequisite(s): BIO 380 with a grade of B or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (0,9)
BIOLOGY 300

## BIO 410 Developmental Biology

Developmental Biology will focus on the molecular and cellular mechanisms that underlie the growth and development of complex multicellular organisms. This course aims to provide an overview of animal embryonic development with attention given to the genes and proteins involved in controlling the behavior of cells in the processes of differentiation, morphogenesis, and growth. Developmental mechanisms discussed will emphasize genetic and experimental techniques used to understand embryonic growth and differentiation. Prerequisite(s): BIO 348 and BIO 349L with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 415 Human Virology

This course will focus on specific human viruses, including papilloma, herpes, smallpox, polio, measles, HIV, influenza, SARS, and hepatitis viruses. Lecture will cover viral strategies of invasion, viral lifecycles, viral offense and host defense, prevention and control of viral diseases, approaches for studying viruses and public health. Prerequisite(s): BIO 348 and 349L with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 420 Principles of Immunobiology

Immunobiology is a course in human immunology covering the concepts of innate and adaptive immunity and descriptions and functions of cellular and soluble factors involved in the immune response to eliminate infectious organisms. Concepts include mechanism for regulation of the immune response, how the immune system learns to discriminate between self and non-self, induction and maintenance of immunological tolerance and the development of immunological memory. Prerequisite(s): BIO 348 and BIO 349L with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 435 Cancer Biology

This course is designed to develop an understanding of the biology of cancer with an emphasis on molecular and cellular events that promote the transformation of normal cells into malignant cancer cells. There will be a general introduction of cancer from a historical perspective that will include the underlying causes of cancer. Students will emerge from this course with a firm understanding of how the disruption of molecular pathways may result in altered cellular signaling and the promotion of tumorigenesis, angiogenesis and metastasis. Current approaches to cancer treatment and recent advances in therapies that exploit these mechanisms will also be discussed. This course will involve the understanding and evaluation of primary literature so that students may formulate scientific questions and critically evaluate information relevant to cancer biology. Prerequisite(s): BIO 348 with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 441 Introduction to Molecular Biology

This course provides a detailed explanation of topics in molecular biology including DNA replication, DNA repair and recombination, transcriptional regulation and RNA processing. The course also covers techniques common in molecular biology laboratories, such as PCR, cloning, sequencing, nucleic acid separation and visualization. In addition, the course will discuss model organisms and approaches to study gene function, such as CRISPR/Cas and RNAi. Topics will be presented from both the view of prokaryotes as well as eukaryotes. The lab component of the class will teach molecular biology techniques that will enable students to use RNAi to knock-down gene expression in C. elegans. Scientific journal articles highlighting class topics will be used to supplement class lectures. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 441L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 348 and BIO 349L with a grade of C- or higher. Corequisite(s): BIO 441L
• Level: 400
• Credits: 5 (3,4)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 444 Forensic Molecular Biology

This course explores advanced molecular biological techniques and concepts as they apply to the study of forensic investigation. The course will cover background information on body fluid identification, DNA structure and function, analytical DNA techniques, and review advancements in the field of DNA typing. The primary focus will be the molecular biological technique known as short tandem repeats (STR) testing. Other topics covered include case studies, sample handling, DNA databanking (CODIS), mass disaster identification, Y chromosomal analysis, paternity testing, and validation procedures. The laboratory component of this course will give the students hands-on experience in techniques and experiments that are currently being employed by forensic biology laboratories across the country. Note: Students who have completed BIO 430 or CRJ 430 may not receive credit for this course. Note: the laboratory course, BIO 444L is a part of your grade for this course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 348, 349L and CRJ 201 all with a grade of C- or higher. Corequisite(s): BIO 444L
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 451 Human Evolutionary Anatomy

This course will serve as an advanced elective for students looking to delve deeper into the skeletal anatomy of the human body and why it looks the way it does today. An evolutionary approach will be taken to studying aspects of human anatomy that are generally considered unique amongst primates, such as an enlarged brain, a reduced masticatory apparatus, and upright bipedal posture. These traits will be put into context with comparisons to the great apes and representatives from the human fossil record. Biomechanical and developmental aspects of skeletal anatomy will also be explored. Students are expected to enter this class with a working knowledge of the bones of the human body and the general terminology used to describe them. They will also be expected to read and discuss the scientific literature surrounding debates in human evolution that will be covered in lecture. Note: There is not a separate lab component of this course but students will get hands-on experience with models of the bones and casts of fossil specimens. Prerequisite(s): BIO 170 or BIO 270 or ANT 330 all with a grade of C- or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 455 Validation and Regulatory Affairs

An introduction is provided to governmental oversight of drugs, devices and biotherapeutics, and the laws and regulations that apply to development, testing and validation of methods and equipment. There is a survey of the history of US food and drug law, the creation of the FDA, and the current organization and responsibilities of the FDA. Specific US laws and regulations applicable to drugs, devices and biologics and international regulations and import/export concerns are examined. Prerequisite(s): BIO 343 or BIO 348 with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 460 Topics in Biology

A study of current discoveries and applications of biology, with emphasis on student participation and written assignments. Critical thinking will be developed concerning the validity of popular reports and extraordinary claims. Ongoing discoveries in biology will be analyzed according to their contributions to the advancement of knowledge, their possible commercial medical, or agricultural applications, and ethical issues that they may arise. Resources that will be utilized include current scientific literature, guest lectures, and the internet. Prerequisite(s): BIO 343, 344L, 348 and 349L with a grade of C- or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 470 Bioscience Senior Seminar

The capstone course in the Bioscience Program, utilizes guest speakers and student literature searches to explore the state of the entire field of Bioscience. Each student is required to write a paper on an approved topic in the field of Bioscience based on primary sources in the scientific literature, and to present a seminar at which the student will defend his or her correlations and conclusions about the topic. Note: this course is also offered as a writing intensive course at the discretion of the department. Students cannot get credit for BIO 470 and BIO 470W. Prerequisite(s): BIO 343, 344L, 348 and 349L with a grade of C- or higher; for the writing intensive version, EGL 101 with a grade of C or higher is also required. Corequisite(s): BIO 441
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 476 BIO 476L Bioscience Internship A1

Bioscience Internships A1 and A2 (BIO476L and BIO477L) are appropriate for students seeking a preliminary internship experience (45 hours earning 1 credit). Mentored projects may entail literature-based research on a proposed project to learn background information, experimental design, protocol planning and/or an introduction to advanced laboratory technology or field work. Note: Students seeking credit for health care professional shadowing or volunteer work involving patient assistance in a health care environment should register for BIO 380 and/or BIO 381. Prerequisite(s): Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 (0,0,3)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 477 BIO 477L Bioscience Internship A2

Bioscience Internships A1 and A2 (BIO476L and BIO477L) are appropriate for students seeking a preliminary internship experience (45 hours earning 1 credit). Mentored projects may entail literature-based research on a proposed project to learn background information, experimental design, protocol planning and/or an introduction to advanced laboratory technology or fieldwork. Prerequisite(s): BIO 476L and Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 (0,0,3)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 478 BIO 478L Bioscience Internship B1

Bioscience Internships B1 and B2 (BIO 478L and 479L) are appropriate for students seeking an internship requiring a commitment of 90 hours/semester (2 credits). Mentored projects may entail literature-based research, reagent/sample preparation, learning advanced laboratory or fieldwork techniques, performing experiments, data acquisition and interpretation and maintaining a laboratory notebook. Note: Students seeking credit for health care professional shadowing or volunteer work involving patient assistance in a health care environment should register for BIO 380 and/or BIO 381. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 343 and BIO 344L) or (BIO 348 and 349L) with a C- or higher and Biology faculty permission or invitation. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 2 (0,0,6)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 479 BIO 479L Bioscience Internship B2

Bioscience Internships B1 and B2 (BIO 478L and 479L) are appropriate for students seeking an internship requiring a commitment of 90 hours/semester (2 credits). Mentored projects may entail literature-based research, reagent/sample preparation, learning advanced laboratory or fieldwork techniques, performing experiments, data acquisition and interpretation and maintaining a laboratory notebook. Prerequisite(s): BIO 478L and Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 2 (0,0,6)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 480 BIO 480L Bioscience Internship I

Bioscience Internship I is the first in a series of four potential internships (BIO 480L, 481L, 482L, and 483L) representing substantial projects or work experience requiring a commitment of 135 hours/semester (3 credits). Mentor directed research projects may entail literature searches and any or all laboratory, or fieldwork activities needed for the acquisition and interpretation of experimental data, as well as documentation of these activities in a laboratory notebook. Note: Students seeking credit for health care professional shadowing or volunteer work involving patient assistance in a health care environment should register for BIO 380 and/or BIO 381. Prerequisite(s): Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation. BIO 343/344L or BIO348/349L with a C- or better. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (0,0,9)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 481 BIO 481L Bioscience Internship II

Bioscience Internship II is the second in a series of four potential internships (BIO 480L, 481L, 482L, and 483L) representing substantial projects or work experience requiring a commitment of 135 hours/semester (3 credits). Mentor directed research projects may entail literature searches and any or all laboratory, or fieldwork activities needed for the acquisition and interpretation of experimental data, as well as documentation of these activities in a laboratory notebook. Prerequisite(s): Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation and BIO 480L. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (0,0,9)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 482 BIO 482L Bioscience Internship III

Bioscience Internship III is the third in a series of four potential internships (BIO 480L, 481L, 482L, and 483L) representing substantial projects or work experience requiring a commitment of 135 hours/semester (3 credits). Mentor directed research projects may entail literature searches and any or all laboratory, or fieldwork activities needed for the acquisition and interpretation of experimental data, as well as documentation of these activities in a laboratory notebook. Prerequisite(s): Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation and BIO 481L. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (0,0,9)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 483 BIO 483L Bioscience Internship IV

Bioscience Internship IV is the fourth in a series of four potential internships (BIO 480L, 481L, 482L, and 483L) representing substantial projects or work experience requiring a commitment of 135 hours/semester (3 credit). Mentor directed research projects may entail literature searches and any or all laboratory, or fieldwork activities needed for the acquisition and interpretation of experimental data, as well as documentation of these activities in a laboratory notebook. Prerequisite(s): Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation and BIO 482L. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (0,0,9)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 484 BIO 484L Bioscience Internship V

Bioscience Internship V is the first in a series of three potential internships (BIO 484L, 485L, and 486L) representing longer-term projects or work experience requiring a commitment of 180 hours/semester (4 credits). Mentor directed research projects may entail literature searches and any or all laboratory, or fieldwork activities needed for the acquisition and interpretation of experimental data, as well as documentation of these activities in a laboratory notebook. Note: Students seeking credit for health care professional shadowing or volunteer work involving patient assistance in a health care environment should register for BIO 380 and/or BIO 381. Prerequisite(s): Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation. BIO 343/344L and/or BIO348/349L with a C- or better. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator. Credits 4
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (0,0,12)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 485 BIO 485L Bioscience Internship VI

Bioscience Internship VI is the second in a series of three potential internships (BIO 484L, 485L, and 486L) representing longer-term projects or work experience requiring a commitment of 180 hours/semester (4 credits). Mentor directed research projects may entail literature searches and any or all laboratory, or fieldwork activities needed for the acquisition and interpretation of experimental data, as well as documentation of these activities in a laboratory notebook. Prerequisite(s): BIO 484L and Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (0,0,12)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 486 BIO 486L Bioscience Internship VII

Bioscience Internship VII is the third in a series of three potential internships (BIO 484L, 485L, and 486L) representing longer-term projects or work experience requiring a commitment of 180 hours/semester (4 credits). Mentor directed research projects may entail literature searches and any or all laboratory, or fieldwork activities needed for the acquisition and interpretation of experimental data, as well as documentation of these activities in a laboratory notebook. Prerequisite(s): BIO 485L and Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (0,0,12)
BIOLOGY 400

## BIO 490 Senior Research Project

An intensive bioscience research experience for selected student in a research laboratory under the supervision of faculty engaged in current investigations in the field of bioscience. The student will be expected to commit himself / herself to a full weekly schedule of laboratory research activity and tutorials for a semester or summer to gain professional expertise in laboratory procedures, record keeping, operation of laboratory equipment, experimental design, and preparation of data for scientific publication presentation and oral presentation. Technical Elective for Bioscience majors. Prerequisite(s): Senior status and recommendation of faculty.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 8 (4,0,12)
BIOLOGY 400

## BUS 101 Accounting I

Fundamental accounting concepts and principles are covered through an understanding of the following topics: accounting as an information system; analyzing a transaction; the accounting cycle; accounting for both service enterprises and merchandising businesses; deferrals and accruals; reversing entries; systems design; accounting for cash, receivables, temporary investments and inventory; payroll accounting. Students apply concepts to the preparation of special journals, subsidiary ledgers, worksheets and financial statements.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 102 Accounting II

Continued development of the principles and concepts introduced in Accounting I. The following topics are included: emphasis on further understanding of generally accepted accounting principles; plant assets; intangible assets; determination of depreciation, depletion and amortization; accounting for partnerships and corporations; long term liabilities; investments in bonds and stock; statement of cash flows; managerial accounting; accounting for manufacturing operations; budgeting and standard costs systems. Prerequisite(s): BUS 101 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 109 Management Theories and Practices

This introductory course covers management principles pertaining to human resources, individual behavior in organizations, employee motivation and performance, and business ethics. Topics also include managing and the manager’s job; planning and decision making; employee performance appraisal and feedback; leadership and influence processes; interpersonal relations and communication; and managing work groups and teams.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 111 Introduction to Business

This course introduces the student to the fundamentals of American Business and its contemporary environment. It provides an overview of organizational, national, and international trends and their impact on enterprises both large and small. The course develops an understanding of important business concepts, principles, and practices that explain how businesses are formed, how they operate to accomplish their goals, and why/how their success depends on effective management, production, marketing and finance/accounting.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 112 Legal Environment in the Cannabis Industry

This course provides an introduction to the legal and regulatory environment of business in the cannabis industry. This course will explore the origins of the cannabis industry beginning with the first state to legalize medical marijuana as well as the proliferation of state law in the area of recreational marijuana. Students will explore the doctrine of federal pre-emption and evaluate ethical issues facing businesses in the cannabis industry. Students will be able .to observe and examine the impact of the current legal environment in the cannabis industry on other areas of law such as contract law, bankruptcy law, and securities law.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 121 Business Mathematics

The fundamentals of applied mathematics in the field of accounting, finance, marketing, and selling. Topics include interest, bank discount, insurance, and annuities. The use of arithmetic as a managerial tool is stressed.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 123 Introduction to Hospitality

This course offers a broad introductory overview of the world of commercial hospitality, including lodging, food and beverage, travel and tourism, events, facilities, and other subset areas of hospitality management. Students will develop a foundational knowledge of the hospitality industry's shape and structure. Students will describe foundational pillars of service management and customer relationship management. Students will also develop an understanding of the various roles of managers in the hospitality industry, and will identify concepts, tools, and skills relevant to hospitality management decision-making. Students will also survey the broad variety of careers in hospitality within the context of a changing industry within a complex environment.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 131 Marketing Principles

This course provides the student with a sound knowledge of the basic elements of the marketing process. Major topics include the features of consumer and organizational markets, market segmentation, and target market strategies. Product planning and development, brands, packaging and other product features are covered. Price determination and the use of various pricing strategies are discussed. The factors in the selection of channels of distribution and the features of wholesaling and retailing are considered. Elements of the promotional process such as sales, advertising, and sales promotion are included. Ethical and legal issues in marketing, marketing of services, global marketing, and marketing on the Internet are also covered.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 134 Cannibis Management and Marketing

• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 141 Contemporary Business Communications

An introduction to the role and importance of effective communications in business. Key topics include the familiarization and practice in preparing common types of internal and external business communications; contemporary issues in business communication relating to technology, ethics, and nondiscriminatory language; memo and report writing with proper mechanics, style, and appropriate tone/attitude; and business presentations. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101 and BCS 102
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 188 Advertising Art and Applications

This course will combine basic advertising principles with practical media application. This course shall introduce students to the business of advertising in a contemporary global environment. The course will explore concepts of advertising, including elements of media selection and copywriting within the parameters of internal budgets, management and the application of actual advertising creation. In addition, students will create advertising, integrating the roles of the creative director and marketing manager. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for VIS 188.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 202 Business Law I

An introduction to the nature and sources of law; the role the legal system; the law of torts and crimes; the law of contracts; and real and personal property.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 209 Teamwork and Team Building

The following topics will be discussed and analyzed: teams in organizations, understanding team building and development, working in groups and teams, team roles and processes, being a team leader, and handling team conflict. The culmination of these concepts and functions, referred to as "team forming, storming, norming, and performing," will also be covered. Case studies will be used extensively. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 220 Financial Information Systems

This course will further the understanding of accounting theory and will provide the opportunity to achieve competency in the use of computerized applications. The course will introduce students to internal control theory within a computerized financial information system. Use of the Web for accessing relevant information will also be introduced. Prerequisite(s): BUS 101 Corequisite(s): BUS 102
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 222 Acctng&Finance Cannibis Mgrs

This course will cover the following topics: regulations -of GAAP on cannabis companies; SEC and FASB; State system; taxation laws 280E; 471 and COGS; systems design and chart of accounts; tracking records and inventory; costs and deductions; accrual versus cash basis systems; assets; liabilities and equity; journals and ledgers; payroll accounting; financial reporting and financial statements; forming a cannabis company; filing form 8300; licenses. By the end of this course, students should be able to define financial statements for cannabis companies, recognize how to make decisions at managerial level in a growing industry, differentiate the COGS and other costs, define deductions, prepare tax return for their business.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 223 Event Management for Hospitality & Tourism

This course builds on the knowledge of Introduction to Hospitality with a focus on Event Management for Hospitality and Tourism. Events are service products and an important component of the tourism and hospitality industries. Students in this course will develop knowledge, skills, and competencies related to the management of events, including strategic planning, budgeting, contracting, promotion, pricing, design, and operations. Students will also engage with emergent issues such as risk management, sustainability, technology management, and community relations. Students will develop a complete event plan in which they will describe event goals and objectives, do an event SWOT analysis, assess visitor interest and conduct research, create a budget and make pricing decisions, develop plans for venues, activities, food and beverage, and other amenities, create the event agenda and schedule, develop a marketing and media plan, and discuss methods of assessing event success. Prerequisite(s): BUS 123 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 227 Grassroots Entrepreneurship within Minority Communities

This course focuses on equipping students with the essential knowledge and experience related to successful engagement in entrepreneurial initiatives within minority communities. Students will engage in actual mini-venture start-up projects focused on identifying, creating, and engaging in entrepreneurial opportunities. Conceptual, case-based discussions and critical inquiries will focus on entrepreneurial opportunities and challenges within minority communities. Students will identify, create, and evaluate entrepreneurial ideas and opportunities within minority cultural settings. Students will also develop approaches for assessing market potential and the acquisition of financing.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 229 Social Entrepreneurship

The growth of business driven by social purpose represents a large-scale trend in modern society that has rapidly expanded in recent decades, as communities worldwide seek innovative approaches to social and economic challenges not adequately addressed by the state or the conventional marketplace. Students in this course will build core knowledge of social entrepreneurship and will construct a toolkit to use as innovators and entrepreneurs for addressing complex issues, promoting social development, and positively changing the world through community-driven market forces. Students will analyze models and case studies for social problem-solving through sustainable and exploitable business ideas, with a focus on identifying, developing, and implementing feasible and creative innovations to advance social and community objectives.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 230 Environmental Law

This elective course addresses concerns pertaining to the business environment, instructing students as to the unified ecological approach to which affect management. The political approach to business environmental concerns in the context of constitutional, common law and administrative law theories and case and statutory analysis are examined, referencing basic natural science technology. Designed as a first law course it introduces the business, horticulture and industrial technology student to the legal process applying relevant components of environmental law studies. A nationally adopted text of a major law publisher and contemporary business periodical articles on assigned topics are to be used extensively.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 232 Electronic Commerce

This cross-listed business management and business computer systems course covers electronic commerce (EC) foundations, retailing methodologies, and marketing research. Focus will be on the various forms, strategies, and implementations of EC including business-to-business (B2B), business-to-consumer (B2C) and consumer-to-consumer (C2C). Also covered will be social networking, electronic payment systems, and public policy issues including privacy and intellectual property matters as well as recent information technology advancements. Students completing BUS 232 may not receive credit for BCS 232. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109 or Management course and BCS 101 or BCS 102
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 240 Business Statistics

This course provides an understanding of statistical concepts and tools that are critical in business decision-making. The discussion and development of each topic is presented in an application setting, with the statistical results providing insights and solutions to real world problems. Students will be able to calculate and perform various analyses, including but not limited to: Interval Estimation, Hypothesis Testing, Test of Goodness of Fit, and Independence and Regression Analysis. The coursework requires extensive use of commercially available statistical software. Prerequisites: MTH 117 or MTH 129
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 250 Consumer Behavior

This course recognizes the central role of consumers in determining the fate of a firm's marketing efforts. Topics covered include the understanding of consumer motivation, perception, and learning, as well as the recognition of social influences on consumer behavior such as reference groups, opinion leadership, culture, and subcultures. Emphasis will be on the consumer's decision making process so that students can make more informed choices in the marketplace. Topics also include the methods marketers use to influence consumer behavior and corresponding ethical and legal issues. Prerequisite(s): BUS 131 or Department approval.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 251 Retailing

This course helps students develop an understanding of the relationship of retailing to the marketing process and describes the fundamentals of modern retailing. A study is made of modern retail institutions.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 253 Industrial Marketing

This course focuses on the marketing of industrial goods and services to industrial markets. Industrial product planning, channels of distribution, promotional activities and pricing strategies are emphasized. Other topics such as understanding industrial buying and evaluating potential markets are also covered. Prerequisite(s): BUS 131
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 254 Principles of Selling

This course emphasizes the creative selling techniques used by professional salespeople. It covers all the important elements of the personal selling process with special emphasis placed on determining prospects' needs, translating features into benefits, overcoming objections and closing methods. Participants will demonstrate their ability to apply the techniques discussed by delivering sales presentations. Prerequisite(s) BUS 131 or Department approval.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 257 Advertising Principles

This course uses practical concepts to examine the role of advertising in the marketing process. Topics covered include: ethical issues involved in advertising, various types of advertising used by marketers, services performed by ad agencies, the creative side of advertising including basic elements of copywriting and design, how to prepare an ad budget, and the elements of media selection. Also covered are the various types of advertising media including magazines, newspapers, outdoor, transit, yellow pages, and direct mail as well as the features of advertising on television, radio and the Internet. Prerequisite(s): BUS 131 or Department approval
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 258 Production Management

Presents a survey which informs the student about the development of modern industry and scientific management and will enable them to grasp the operating principles.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 259 Public Relations

Principles and practices of building good public relations between industry and employees, stockholders, consumers, suppliers and the press. The development of public relations as a top-management function.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 266 Personnel and Human Resources Management

This course develops an understanding of the important functions and tasks performed by the modern human resource department such as staffing, training, employee safety and compensation. Emphasis throughout will be on the partnership to ensure a motivated work force. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109 or Department approval
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 267 Small Business Management

This course helps students develop an understanding of the relationship of small business management to the management process. It describes the fundamentals of small business management. A study is made of major problems and pitfalls faced by managers of small businesses.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 271 Intermediate Accounting I

An in-depth study of the principles related to financial accounting topics and a study of recent developments in financial accounting required by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Topics include the following: development of accounting standards; nature of the conceptual framework, assumptions and principles; review of the accounting process; continued study of the Income Statement, Balance Sheet and Statement of Cash Flows; time value of money; cash and receivables, inventories; acquisition and disposal of property, plant and equipment; depreciation and depletion; intangible assets; long-term investment in Equity Securities and other assets. Prerequisite(s): BUS 101 and 102
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 272 Intermediate Accounting II

A continuation of the study of the principles related to financial accounting. This study will include a presentation of the following topics: stockholders' equity; dilutive securities; revenue recognition; accounting for income taxes; accounting for pensions and for leases; accounting changes and error analysis, full disclosure in financial reporting; financial reporting and changing prices; liabilities-current and contingent; liabilities-long term. Prerequisite(s): BUS 271
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 273 Cost Accounting

Principles of cost accounting applied to manufacturing industries. The use of cost data and procedures under job order, process cost, and standard cost accounting systems as a tool of management. Prerequisite(s): BUS 101 and 102
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 278 Business Project

This is an independent study course designed to offer a student experience in research and performing special projects in business and/or related area of interest. A faculty member shall act as a Project Advisor. The project selected will utilize skills and knowledge acquired in previous business administration and related courses. The number of credits received will be determined by the complexity of the project and agreed upon prior to the student's starting the course.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 1 or 3 (1 or 3,0)

## BUS 280 International Business

This course examines the international integration of socio-cultural, political, and economic aspects of business. It explores the impact of globalization on countries, organizations, and individuals. The course will also discuss key issues in ethics, corporate social responsibility, and technology in the global context. Students will develop a broad understanding of the global marketplace and learn how the global environment affects business functions and performance.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 291 Investments

To familiarize students with financial literature and facilities that are available as guides to the proper selection of securities and other types of investments. The course is covered from the perspective of the individual investor. As such, a logical portfolio commensurate with the financial goals of the individual is stressed. Financial information available both in published as well as Internet access format are covered.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 300 Operations Management

This course undertakes an examination of the role of operations within manufacturing and service organizations. Emphasis is placed upon recognizing operational opportunities and tradeoffs, and employing quantitative and qualitative tools and decision support systems to assist strategic and operational decision-making. The general functions of operations management as applied to the transformation process are covered. Some of the important topics include but not limited to Forecasting, Statistical Quality Control, Inventory Management, Linear Programming, and Transportation Models. Note: Students who have previously completed IND 301 cannot receive credit for BUS 300. Prerequisite(s): BUS 240 or MTH 110
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 304 Business Law II

An introduction to the law of sales and lease contracts, letters of credit, commercial paper and secured transactions under the UCC and creditor's rights and remedies, including surety ship and guaranty, insurance, wills, trusts, elder law and consumer protection. Prerequisite(s): BUS 202 or Department approval
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 305 Entrepreneurship

This course covers the process of creating and growing a new business venture through the introduction and development of a business idea. Also covered are the nature and importance of entrepreneurs, international entrepreneurship opportunities, and the development of business and marketing plans. Methods for financing the new venture through the use of case studies and practical applications will be discussed and covered in assignments. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109 or Department approval.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 306 Project and Contract Management

This course covers the processes encountered in choosing, planning, controlling, and negotiating of projects and contracts in technologically based firms. Topics include project and contract; feasibility; risk analysis; selection; portfolio optimization; cost estimation and controls; capital budgeting; performance relating to negotiation, adjustments, and benchmark standards; and awareness and appreciation for ethical practices. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for IND 306. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 307 Corporate Finance

The overall aim of this course is to help students develop an understanding and appreciation of Finance as a business discipline - an analytical approach in assessing the financial worthiness of a business entity is stressed. Topics covered include time value of money; financial statement analysis; valuation models; risks and rates of return; calculating beta coefficients; working capital management; capital budgeting; the cost of capital leverage and dividend policy; and financial forecasting. Note: Students cannot receive credit for BUS 201 and BUS 307. Prerequisite(s): BUS 101 and 102 and Junior level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 308 Quantitative Techniques in Finance

This course connects key mathematical concepts to the quantitative aspects of finance. Students will gain a deeper understanding of financial math. Students will analyze cash flows to arrive at fair asset prices, calculate advanced calculus equations to understand how businesses use optimization to make financial decisions, and analyze matrices for optimal portfolio selection. Topics include time value of money, annuities "and cash flows, bonds, portfolios optimization, derivatives, options, and hedging and investment strategies. Prerequisite(s): BUS 307
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 310 Principles of Taxation

This course covers fundamental principles of income taxation under the Internal Revenue Code, related Regulations and court cases. Tax treatment of the individual is stressed, with emphasis on filing status, income and business deductions, and realization and recognition of capital gains and losses. Corporate and partnership taxation are introduced. Students are taught to recognize tax issues and gain the skills necessary to solve those issues. Prerequisite(s): BUS 102 or permission of department chair
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 311 Organizational Behavior

This upper-division course presents the concepts of organizational behavior and structure as well as topics relating to motivation content and process theories; group communication and dynamics; decision making; causes and resolutions of organizational conflicts; and factors pertaining to influence, power, and politics in organizations. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for PSY 311. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109, or PSY 101 or permission of department chair.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 312 Purchasing and Supply Chain Management

This course covers the purchasing and movement of materials into, through, and out of a firm; fundamentals of domestic and international transportation systems; distribution center, warehouse, and plant location; and management of multinational organizations and supply networks. Note: Students who previously took IND 311 cannot receive credit for this course. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 314 Supply Chain Analytics

This course covers the three key aspects of analytics (descriptive, predictive and prescriptive) in supply chain management. Descriptive analytics are focused on key performance indicators that describe the current status of the business. Predictive analytics include forecasting and aggregated planning. Finally, prescriptive analytics focus on optimization models and simulation. Prerequisite(s): BUS 240 with a C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 316 Customer Relations and Quality

This course covers the basics of customer relations and quality in industry. The course includes discussion of quality management principles and standards as well as feedback techniques to measure and assure customer satisfaction. The American Customer Satisfaction Index, J.D. Power and Associates Reports, Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, and International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Automotive Quality System QS-9000 registration criteria will also be discussed. Note: Students completing this course cannot receive credit IND 316. Prerequisite(s): BUS 300 or IND 301
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 317 Enterprise Resource Planning

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is an organizational and information systems approach that integrates planning, customer relationship management, decision making, master scheduling, material requirements planning, marketing, forecasting, sales, finance, electronic commerce, and human resources. The course will include lectures and extensive use of supporting ERP software. Note: Students cannot receive credit for both BCS 317 and BUS 317. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109 or BUS 300 or BCS 300.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 319 Marketing Research

This course provides students with the tools necessary to understand and carry out market research. Marketing research involves a number of steps from deciding on the research objective, data gathering and analysis, and the interpretation of results. The course is an introduction to a range of tools including the use of focus groups, the collection of secondary data, survey and questionnaire design, hypothesis testing and regression analysis, conjoint analysis, factor analysis, cluster analysis perceptual mapping, and social media analytics. Prerequisite(s): BUS 240 and BUS 131
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 320 International Marketing

As the interconnectedness of the global economy grows, marketing managers are faced with an imperative to understand and face the challenges posed by the international marketplace, including the challenge of selling goods and services in markets abroad. This course focuses on marketing management within international settings and will cover topics and issues such as international market selection, adaptation of products, international promotion and pricing strategies, and differences in distribution channels, all within the context of national differences in culture, consumer behavior, levels of development, and political, legal, and economic systems. Prerequisite(s): BUS 131 and BUS 280
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 321 International Law

This course provides study in the basic concepts and processes of the international legal system. The interaction of state, federal, and international law as well as the relationship of international law and the American legal system are explained. Particular attention is given to current problems faced by managers and to the dominant political, social economic, and technological forces influencing the evolution of international law. Prerequisite(s): BUS 202
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 322 International Management

This course will examine the critical issues and practices of international management. Emphasis will be placed on the multicultural workforce and worldwide developments. Topics will include planning, political risk, organizing, decision-making, and controlling as pertaining to international management and operations. Students will study human resource/personnel issues concerning selection and repatriation, communication skills, and labor relations in a global context. Ethics and social responsibility as well as future trends of international management will be explored. The course will include student assignments and case studies examining the issues affecting small businesses expanding operations into foreign markets. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109, BUS 280
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 323 Theme Parks and Attraction Management

Theme parks and visitor attractions present unique challenges for managers. Students will compare and contrast development, design, and capital expenditure plans for attraction projects, evaluate park operations and HR policies and procedures, critically evaluate the complex landscape of temporal attendance pricing, survey food and beverage innovation and strategy, review safety incidents and assess industry and government safety policy, explain the structure of relationships between suppliers, attractions, and guests, and examine issues of ethical challenge such as animal captivity and display, diversity and inclusion in design and operations, and the equity ramifications of velvet rope disparities. Students will also integrate sustainability and climate impacts into operational analyses. Finally, students will construct theme park, hospitality, and tourism project plans. Note: Students can not get credit for BUS 323 if they have already received credit for the special topics course BUS 391 Theme Parks and Tourism. Prerequisite(s): Any 200-level BUS course with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 327 Risk Management and Insurance

This course is designed to assist the student in the identification and analysis of the major types of financial risk management and insurance. The course will analyze the needs and problems faced by individuals and corporations regarding risk management exposure and how these exposures to risk are addressed through various forms of insurance. Case studies involving risk management, insurance, and relevant ethical factors will be covered. Prerequisite(s): BUS 307 or department approval
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 330 Cost Management Systems

This upper-level course pertains to the key elements of cost management systems of manufacturing and service organizations. Topics covered include: using cost drivers and activity based costing; eliminating non-value added activities; costing product (service) life cycles; and justifying capital expenditures for computer integrated manufacturing systems. Prerequisite(s): Two semesters of accounting.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

This course covers advanced statistical concepts and techniques as applied to decision making and business applications. Topics include: estimating population values, hypothesis testing for one and two populations, analysis of variance, linear regression and correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis and model building, statistical process control, analyzing and forecasting time-series data, and decision-making analysis. Prerequisite(s): BUS 240, statistics course or Department approval.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 345 Foundations of Business Analytics

This course introduces the primary business analytics concepts and tools. The course presents an overview of basic statistics, data mining, data visualization, optimization, and decision analysis. The course incorporates the use of Excel spreadsheet modeling capabilities in order to prepare students to model and solve real world problems. Prerequisite(s): BUS 240 or MTH 110 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 346 Social Media Analytics

This course provides a general introduction to students about the use of social media analytics in business. Students will develop skills in collecting data from major social media platforms and analyzing data for business value creation using appropriate tools including Python and R. Topics include value creation of social media analytics, alignment of social media analytics with business strategy, data collection and analysis, and social media analytics platforms. Students will practice social media data collection and develop analytical skills. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110 or BUS 240 both with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 350 American Business History

The course focuses on major developments in American business history, covering the period from the early colonial period through the present time. Students will describe and summarize significant historical developments to American industry and business practice, and will analyze and classify major factors influencing business and economic change, including technology, natural resource exploitation, and government policy, with special focus on monetary policy, the gold standard, and tariffs. Students will also interpret modern policy and business practice through the lens of historical business developments. Students will also develop and analyze profiles of American financial and industrial leaders and the companies and industries they created. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109 and EGL 101 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 352 Employment Law

This course reviews the field of law governing employment. Topics covered include the following: Employment relationship and procedure, selection, testing, privacy, termination, and arbitration; employment discrimination regarding the Civil Rights Act, Affirmative Action, racial discrimination, sex discrimination, family leave and pregnancy discrimination, sexual orientation, religious discrimination, national origin discrimination, age discrimination and disability discrimination. Also covered are employment regulations regarding unions and collective bargaining agreements, wage and hour regulations, occupational safety and health, workers' compensation, and employee benefits. Prerequisite(s): BUS 202
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 356 Sales Management

The major problems of sales management in the distribution of products and services; the selection, recruitment, and training of sales personnel; measurement of the effectiveness of salespeople, supervision and compensation of salespeople; sales quotas and budgets. Note: Students cannot receive credit for BUS 356 and BUS 256. Prerequisite(s): BUS 254 or Department approval
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 360 Leadership Theories Practices

The following will be covered: definition and significance of leadership; global and cultural contexts of leadership; early theories and practices: the foundations of modern leadership; individual differences and traits and the ability to lead; leadership and "emotional intelligence;" leadership and "the moral compass;" power, influence, and leadership; new models of leadership; leadership of non-profits; and leading change. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 363 Cross-Cultural Teamwork&Mgmt

This course introduces and applies cross-cultural teamwork and management concepts. Students will develop cross-cultural skills needed to manage and work across cultures in an ever-changing global business environment. This course provides an intellectual and experiential forum for the development of cross-cultural skills. Specifically, topics include understanding culture, communicating across cultures, cultural intelligence, motivation, and leadership across cultures, and developing cross-cultural competencies, through global teams. The topics discussed will provide students with the framework needed to navigate the culturally diverse environments in which they live and work. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109 and BUS 280
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 366 International Human Resource Management

The importance of managing cultural diversity is a critical component to deriving successful outcomes for the workplace endeavor as well as the criteria for individual advancement in one's career in the global arena. The rapidly expanding involvement of the United States in global business activities has created a critical need for international business talent in all areas of business, and in particular, successful management of cultural differences to advance the team and the entity. This course addresses the understanding of cultural differences in global business and the art of negotiation to gain a win/win. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 367 Negotiation and Conflict Resolution

This experiential course is intended to help students understand the theory, processes, and practices of negotiation, and also the cross-cultural issues facing negotiation, so they can be more effective negotiators in a variety of situations. This course is highly participatory, and utilizes various types of one-on-one and group-based negotiation simulations. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 368 Performance Management and Compensation

Performance management and compensation are of significant importance for both employees and organizations. Students will focus on major methods for measuring and managing employees' performance, and describing how organizations can recognize individual and group performance through pay and benefits. In doing so, students will identify major considerations in establishing a performance management and compensation system, including legal requirements, equity, and market competitiveness. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109, BUS 266 both with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 370 Counterproductive Behavior in Organizations

Counterproductive work behavior is a phenomenon that no organization can afford to willfully ignore. It depletes organizational resources, erodes production standards, causes unfairness and unrest among employees, and is a violation of the organization’s norms and ethical standards. This course focuses on studying this very important and timely topic to identify the conditions under which counterproductive work behavior is likely to develop and strategies for counteracting it. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109 or Junior-level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 379 Business Internship

This upper division course is designed to give students an opportunity to gain in-depth work experience and skills under the tutelage of a business professional. The work done by the student is guided by objectives agreed to by the work supervisor, Internship Coordinator, and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports in the form of a weekly work experience journal, and a final report to be presented to the Internship Coordinator and work supervisor. Note: No more than 15 credits may be earned in total from BUS 379 and BUS 479 Business Internship II. Prerequisite(s): Junior-level status, Department approval, GPA of 3.0 or better
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)

## BUS 380 Business Internship

This upper division course is designed to give students an opportunity to gain in-depth work experience and skills under the tutelage of a business professional. The work done by the student is guided by objectives agreed to by the work supervisor, Internship Coordinator, and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports in the form of a weekly work experience journal, and a final report to be presented to the Internship Coordinator and work supervisor. Note: No more than 15 credits may be earned in total from BUS 379 and BUS 479 Business Internship II. Prerequisite(s): Junior-level status, Department approval, GPA of 3.0 or better
• Level: 300
• Credits: 6 (1,0,15)

## BUS 381 Business Internship

This upper division course is designed to give students an opportunity to gain in-depth work experience and skills under the tutelage of a business professional. The work done by the student is guided by objectives agreed to by the work supervisor, Internship Coordinator, and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports in the form of a weekly work experience journal, and a final report to be presented to the Internship Coordinator and work supervisor. Note: No more than 15 credits may be earned in total from BUS 379 and BUS 479 Business Internship II. Prerequisite(s): Junior-level status, Department approval, GPA of 3.0 or better.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 9 (1,0,24)

## BUS 382 Business Internship

This upper division course is designed to give students an opportunity to gain in-depth work experience and skills under the tutelage of a business professional. The work done by the student is guided by objectives agreed to by the work supervisor, Internship Coordinator, and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports in the form of a weekly work experience journal, and a final report to be presented to the Internship Coordinator and work supervisor. Note: No more than 15 credits may be earned in total from BUS 379 and BUS 479 Business Internship II. Prerequisite(s): Junior-level status, Department approval, GPA of 3.0 or better
• Level: 300
• Credits: 12 (1,0,33)

## BUS 385 Business Data Management

In this course students will learn the concepts, principles and techniques used to collect, store, and retrieve data for business purposes. The objective of the course is to provide students with a background that allows them to understand management of data in the context of business organizations and corporations. Topics include a review of data types, modeling data in the organization and database design; an introduction to SQL and an introduction to data warehousing and big data. Prerequisite(s): MTH 116 with a grade of C or higher and Junior level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 390 Special Topics in Business Management

This course will provide students the opportunity to learn about contemporary issues in business. Topics covered may include one or more specific areas within business such as Marketing, Leadership, Ethics, and Finance. Methods of teaching and assessment may include the use of seminars, speaker series, simulations, field trips, experiential learning, and the implementation of business ideas and plans. The subject for a particular semester will be announced prior to registration. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 391 Selected Topics in Bus Mngmt

This course will provide students the opportunity to learn about contemporary issues in business. Topics covered may include one or more specific areas within business such as Marketing, Leadership, Ethics, and Finance. Methods of teaching and assessment may include the use of seminars, speaker series, simulations, field trips, experiential learning, and the implementation of business ideas and plans. The subject for a particular semester will be announced prior to registration. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 400 Quality Techniques

This course covers quality tools and techniques used in problem solving and decision making. Topics include: Pareto charts; cause and- effects diagrams; check sheets; histograms; scatter diagrams; quality function deployment; statistical process control; continuous improvement; Goldratt’s theory of constraints; benchmarking; just-in time manufacturing; and implementing total quality. A written assignment will be required that integrates quality topics with problem solving and decision making tools and techniques. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for IND 400. Prerequisite(s): BUS 240 or MTH 110
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 401 Quality Management

This course covers quality philosophies and concepts. Topics include: quality and global competitiveness; human resources and technology; total quality approach; strategic management; quality management and ethics; partnering for competitiveness; quality culture; customer satisfaction and retention; employee empowerment; leadership and change; team building and teamwork; communication and interpersonal relations; education and training; overcoming politics and negativity toward quality in the workplace; relationship of ISO 9000 and Total Quality Management. A written assignment will be required that integrates quality philosophies and concepts with management and human resources issues. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for IND 401. Prerequisite(s): BUS 300 or IND 301
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 404 Financial Markets and Institutions

This senior level course describes the various financial markets and the financial institutions that serve those markets. Specific topics include financial intermediaries, primary and secondary financial markets, treasury and agency securities markets, municipal securities markets, financial futures markets, and stock markets in the U.S. and worldwide. Also included are evolving technologies, especially e-Business and the Internet, and their effect on financial markets and institutions. The course contains oral and written case study analyses utilizing electronic database research techniques. Prerequisite(s): BUS 201 or BUS 307 or department approval
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 406 Business Organization Law

An introduction to the law of agency, partnerships, corporations, limited liability companies, securities, regulations, bankruptcy, employment and anti-trust laws. Prerequisite(s): BUS 202 or Department approval.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 409 Strategic Management

This course covers key strategic management topics including internal and external scanning for SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis, competitive advantage, cost versus differentiation, horizontal and vertical integration, strategic alliances, strategy implementation, as well as many other important topics. Special attention will be paid to international contexts, issues of ethics and governance, and measurements of strategic success. Students will be required to present oral and/or written case studies and analyses. Students who have previously completed IND 409 cannot receive credit for BUS 409. Note: Students cannot get credit for BUS 409 and 409W; BUS 409W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Prerequisite(s): BUS 300, Senior level status
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 410 Senior Project

This is an independent study course. Students must obtain permission from a Project Advisor before registering for this course. Although there is some flexibility, most senior projects will involve student participation onsite in a company. The topic for the senior project will utilize skills and knowledge acquired in previous Management Technology and related courses. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for IND 410 Prerequisite(s): BUS 409
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 411 Financial Statement Analysis

This course covers the main reasons for and techniques used in financial statement analysis. This analysis uses the historical record of companies, as presented in financial statements, to answer questions regarding a firm’s credit worthiness and risk; current and projected financial performance; strengths and weaknesses in financial position; and strategy development for future operations. The course includes analysis tools and techniques such as common size financial statements, trend statements, and financial ratios. Also covered will be sources of financial information embodied in corporate annual reports such as the auditor’s report; footnotes and supplemental schedules; and SEC Forms 10-K and 10-Q. Prerequisite(s): BUS 201 or department approval
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 412 Business, Government and Society

This course covers the interrelationships among business, government, and society. Included also are the ethical, economic, political, and social issues managers face regarding consumers, employees, suppliers, the environment, government laws and regulations, and stockholders. These interrelationships and issues are discussed and analyzed in a managerial context employing stakeholder, historical, and global perspectives. Individual and group case study presentations both in oral and written formats are a major focus of the course.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 413 Advanced Enterprise Resource Planning

This advanced-level Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) course includes high-level information technology coverage of Scheduling, Planning, MRP, Logistics, Warehousing, Procurement, Quality, Vendor Management, Cost Accounting, Forecasting, KPI, Supply Chain, and Customer Resource Management. Also covered are concepts and software applications, pertaining to product design, development, manufacturing (production), marketing, sales, and field service. This course emphasizes proficiency in all the skill sets typically required within industry practices. Prerequisite(s): BUS 300 or BCS 300 and BUS 317 or BCS 317
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 421 Advanced Topics in Corporate Finance

This advanced corporate financial management course covers topics taken from the Institute of Management Accountants Certified in Financial Management program Part 2CFM examination. Topics covered include working capital policy and management; strategic issues in finance; portfolio and risk management; external financial environment; and employee benefit and pension plans. Prerequisite(s): BUS 307 or department approval
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 440 Visual Analytics

This course focuses on the visualization techniques used to represent Business Information. The course enables students to answer three questions: What data do the final users need to see? What is the most effective way to develop and design the representation of data? How could the proposed visual representation be constructed? Topics covered include information visualization techniques for abstract data, visualization for spatial data, and visual analytical techniques applied to data transformation and visual exploration. This course is hands-on work intensive and helps develop skills in the use of modern visualization tools. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101 and BUS 340 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 442 Human Resources Analytics

This course covers business analytics in the area of human resource management. The primary emphasis of this course is on the application of data analytics in the areas of staffing/selection, training and development, performance appraisal, and pay for performance. Topics also include building selection and performance assessment measures that are statistically reliable and valid, as well as analyzing and applying those measures using CFA (Confirmatory Factor Analysis), OLS (Ordinary Least Squares) regression, and logistic regression. Prerequisite(s): BUS 240 or equivalent and Junior Level Standing or department approval
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

This course focuses on the advanced tools and techniques used in business analytics. The course is divided in two major areas: machine learning and social network analytics. The first part will focus on key concept from machine learning such as nearest neighbors, decision trees and neural networks. R is the main tool used to implement these techniques. The second part is focused on tools and techniques used to analyze social networks structures and develop solutions to aid decision making. Prerequisite(s): BUS 340 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 448 Business Analytics Project *AL

This is a capstone course that focuses on the solution of real-life problems in business analytics. During the course students have the opportunity to apply the knowledge acquired through the program. Students will frame the problem, collect and process data, and use the analytics framework (descriptive, predictive, and prescriptive analytics) to obtain solutions and provide recommendations. Prerequisite(s): BUS 440 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 460 Leadership and Ethics

This advanced-level business management course covers theories, case studies, and skill development applications relating to effective leadership and ethics. Emphasis will be on the interrelated role of laws, cultural norms, attitudes, moral development, situational circumstances, and technologies as determining effects on ethical leadership. Coursework includes leadership-and ethics related research literature and databases. Note: Students cannot get credit for BUS 460 and 460W; BUS 460W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the Business Management Department. Prerequisite(s) BUS 109 or Management course, Senior-level status.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 470 Advanced Accounting

This course covers accounting for partnerships: formation, operation, dissolutions, and liquidation. Also covered are analysis of business combinations; statutory mergers, consolidations, acquisition of subsidiaries, preparation of consolidated financial statements including the equity method and elimination entries. Additionally, the course includes an introduction to foreign currency translation and transactions, the SEC, and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Prerequisite(s): BUS 272 or Department approval.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 471 Auditing

This course covers professional ethics and possible legal liability of the auditor. Emphasized are Generally Accepted Standards (GAAS) and other standards related to attestation engagements and skills needed to apply that knowledge in and other attestation engagements; the role of internal control; uses of sampling; effects of information technology the reports rendered by auditors; and the methods for preparing communications to satisfy engagement objectives. Prerequisite(s) BUS 272
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 473 Global Finance

Introduces students to financial management in the context of international and global market and firm activities. Topics presented include international financial markets, foreign exchange markets, exchange rates, portfolio management from a global perspective, risk management, international banking, and multinational financial management. Prerequisite(s): BUS 201, 280
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 479 Business Internship II

This senior-level course is designed to give students who have completed BUS 379 an opportunity to continue to gain in-depth work experience and skills under the tutelage of a business professional. The work done by the student is guided by objectives agreed to by the work supervisor, Internship Coordinator, and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports in the form of a weekly work experience journal, and a final report to be presented to the Internship Coordinator and work supervisor. Note: No more than 15 credits may be earned in total from Business Internships, BUS 379 and BUS 479. Prerequisite(s): BUS 379, or BUS 380 or BUS 381 or BUS 382, Senior-level status, Department approval, GPA 3.0.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 to 12 (1,0,6 to 33)

## BUS 480 Business Internship II

This senior-level course is designed to give students who have completed BUS 379 an opportunity to continue to gain in-depth work experience and skills under the tutelage of a business professional. The work done by the student is guided by objectives agreed to by the work supervisor, Internship Coordinator, and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports in the form of a weekly work experience journal, and a final report to be presented to the Internship Coordinator and work supervisor. Note: No more than 15 credits may be earned in total from Business Internship, BUS 379 and BUS 479. Prerequisite(s): BUS 379, or BUS 380 or BUS 381 or BUS 382, Senior-level status, Department approval, GPA 3.0.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 6 (1,0,15)

## BUS 481 Business Internship II

This senior-level course is designed to give students who have completed BUS 379 an opportunity to continue to gain in-depth work experience and skills under the tutelage of a business professional. The work done by the student is guided by objectives agreed to by the work supervisor, Internship Coordinator, and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports in the form of a weekly work experience journal, and a final report to be presented to the Internship Coordinator and work supervisor. Note: No more than 15 credits may be earned in total from Business Internship, BUS 379 and BUS 479. Prerequisite(s): BUS 379, or BUS 380 or BUS 381 or BUS 382, Senior-level status, Department approval, GPA 3.0.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 9 (1,0,24)

## BUS 482 Business Internship II

This senior-level course is designed to give students who have completed BUS 379 an opportunity to continue to gain in-depth work experience and skills under the tutelage of a business professional. The work done by the student is guided by objectives agreed to by the work supervisor, Internship Coordinator, and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports in the form of a weekly work experience journal, and a final report to be presented to the Internship Coordinator and work supervisor. Note: No more than 15 credits may be earned in total from Business Internship, BUS 379 and BUS 479. Prerequisite(s): BUS 379, or BUS 380 or BUS 381 or BUS 382, Senior-level status, Department approval, GPA 3.0.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 12 (1,0,33)

## BUS 483 Business Internship II

This senior-level course is designed to give students who have completed BUS 379 an opportunity to continue to gain in-depth work experience and skills under the tutelage of a business professional. The work done by the student is guided by objectives agreed to by the work supervisor, Internship Coordinator, and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports in the form of a weekly work experience journal, and a final report to be presented to the Internship Coordinator and work supervisor. Note: No more than 15 credits may be earned in total from Business Internship, BUS 379 and BUS 479. Prerequisite(s): BUS 379, or BUS 380 or BUS 381 or BUS 382, Senior-level status, Department approval, GPA 3.0.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 15 (1,0,42)

## BUS 494 Global Strategy

This capstone course for global business management majors will cover a wide range of current issues in strategy and policy and integrates concepts from across the core global business courses. Students will be required to synthesize and apply these methods and concepts to case studies and case write-ups. The course will culminate with students developing and completing a research project and presentation based upon their personal interest in global/international business. Prerequisite(s): BUS 280, 320, 322, and 409
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 502 Project Management

This course covers the core knowledge of the project management professions. It includes the creation of the project charter and scope statement, establishment of the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS), and communication of the overall plan including risk planning, resource planning, creation of the project schedule and budget, development of the project team, and measurement and control of project implementation. Course content is aligned with Project Management Professional Certification requirements, such that the course serves as a preparation for the PMP examination (PMP examination is not part of the course). Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 504 Technology Management Ethics and Policies

This course defines ethics in the context of engineering technology management and its application in the context of the profession and licensure. It also covers the role of ethics during the bidding stage. This course addresses ethics for union and management, the role of ethics in the event of a change order, and ethics in private versus public ventures. Other topics covered are ethics in domestic versus international markets, the application of ethics in a twenty-first century global market, individual responsibilities and values, cultural background and its effect on ethics, peer review and peer attitudes toward s ethics, and leadership, power and the politics of ethics. This course uses real-life case studies as recorded by the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE). Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 532 Legal Aspects of Construction Management

This course covers the complexity of legal environments in construction. It includes principles of contract, standard forms of contract, contractual relationships, bidding documents, dispute resolution, red-flag clauses, labor agreements, insurance and surety bonds, change order management, differing site conditions, delays, suspensions and terminations, liquidated damages, allocating responsibility for delays, constructive acceleration, and associated documentation. Prerequisite(s): Graduate Status in ETM and permission of the graduate coordinator.
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 630 Decision Making and Risk Management

This course covers concepts and methods for making complex decisions in Technology Management. Students will identify criteria and alternatives, set priorities, and engage in allocating resources, strategic planning, resolving conflict, and making decisions. Students will select the most effective decision making approaches to evaluate multiple alternatives in scenarios with conflicting objectives and different levels of uncertainty. Students will also learn how to generate risk management plans, appraise mitigating risk options and revise decision making failures Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 600
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 670 Master's Project

This is a Capstone course for students who do not plan to take the thesis option. The course is designed as an independent study in which the student utilizes their knowledge in the field to evaluate a series of case studies. A complete oral and written presentation is required of each student detailing their work. In each case study the student must clearly demonstrate their ability to understand, analyze and solve technical and/or managerial problems by applying their knowledge gained through their course work. Students completing this course will not receive credit for ETM 670. Prerequisite(s): Completion of twenty-one (21) credits of required Core and Track Specific Courses in the ETM program and permission of graduate coordinator.
• Level: 600
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## BUS 671 Master's Thesis

This is an independent study performed by the students to utilize their knowledge in engineering technology management. This practice-oriented work contributes to the enhancement of productivity, the improvement of quality, and the achievement of an industry’s cost effectiveness. The master’s thesis draws on students’ individual interests, stimulating their critical thinking, and sharpening their problem-solving abilities. A literature survey, analysis, discussion, and conclusions are documented in the thesis under the direction of a faculty mentor and presented by the student at the completion of the work to demonstrate their professional competency in their field of study. Students completing this course will not receive credit for ETM 671. Prerequisite(s): Completion of twenty-one (21) credits of required Core and Track Specific Courses in the ETM program and permission of graduate coordinator.
• Level: 600
• Credits: 1 to 6 (1 to 6,0)

## BUS 680 Special Topics in Technology Management

This special topics course is designed to inspire students to study a specific topic or several related topics that address a special interest in technology management. It will require students to research, investigate, and analyze design, manufacturing, quality, or production issues. The course strategy is established by the instructor and adjusted to respond to students’ interest to achieve the class goal of enhancing in-depth understanding of the subject matter. Students taking ETM 680 cannot get credit for BUS 680. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 600
• Credits: 3 (3,0)

## CHI 151 Chinese I

A beginning course in Chinese emphasizing the gradual development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing with stress on communicative competence and cultural awareness.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CHINESE 100

## CHI 152 Chinese II

A continuation of Chinese 151. This course emphasizes the gradual development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing with stress on communicative and cultural awareness. Prerequisite(s): CHI 151 or 2-3 years of high school Chinese.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CHINESE 100

## CHM 111 Chemistry and the Public Interest

An abridged course in General Chemistry which presents the ideas and methods of chemical science in a qualitative and conceptual fashion. This course assumes no previous science background and will emphasize the fundamentals of measurement, atomic theory, bonding, solutions, acids and bases, salts, equations, chemical arithmetic and energy transfer. Illustrations and applications of concepts will be drawn from everyday life. (This course is intended to fulfill the science requirements of non-science majors and is NOT OPEN to science, health science, or pre-health majors). Prerequisite(s): MP2 or MTH 015
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CHEMISTRY 100

## CHM 112 CHM 112L Chemistry and Public Interest Lab

A one semester laboratory course for non-science majors designed to provide students with experience in the methods of chemistry. Students will investigate the properties of substances, perform chemical analysis and substance identification, synthesize a drug and a natural product, and test manufacturers' claims for consumer products. Prerequisite(s): MP2 or MTH 015
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (0,2)
CHEMISTRY 100

## CHM 124 Principles of Chemistry

A one semester survey of general chemistry. Emphasis is placed on quantitative applications of chemical concepts. Topics include: measurement, matter and energy, atomic structure, periodic table, chemical bonding, nomenclature, chemical stoichiometry, chemical equations, gases, liquids and solids, solutions, acids and bases, equilibrium and kinetics. This course will fulfill the requirement of certain science, health science, or pre-health programs that have an introductory chemistry course as a prerequisite. Note: the laboratory course CHM 124L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Approved eye-protection and a laboratory coat are required materials. A student must pass the laboratory course to receive a passing grade in the entire course. Prerequisite(s): MP2 or MTH 015
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
Course Outline
CHEMISTRY 100

## CHM 140 Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

A one semester course with laboratory designed primarily for Dental Hygiene students. Basic principles of general, organic and biochemistry are presented with emphasis on their applications to health science. Topics include measurement, states of matter, bonding theory, solutions, acids, buffers and pH, and the structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, sterols, amino acids and proteins and a molecular approach to enzymatic action, digestion, metabolism and nutrition. Note: the laboratory course CHM 140L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Approved eye-protection and a laboratory coat are required materials. A student must pass the laboratory course to receive a passing grade in the entire course. Prerequisite(s): MP2 or MTH 015 and High School chemistry with Laboratory or CHM 124.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
Course Outline
CHEMISTRY 100

## CHM 152 General Chemistry Principles I

The first part of a two semester sequence in General Chemistry Principles with laboratory. This course covers the qualitative and quantitative aspects of scientific measurement, the nature of matter, gases, liquids and solids, energy, atomic theory, properties of elements, chemical bonding, molecular structure and properties, stoichiometry, thermochemistry and solutions. Note: the laboratory course CHM 152L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Approved eye-protection and a laboratory coat are required materials. A student must pass the laboratory course to receive a passing grade in the entire course. Prerequisite(s): MP3 or MTH 116 AND Regents Chemistry or an equivalent High School Chemistry with Laboratory or CHM 124
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
Course Outline
CHEMISTRY 100

## CHM 153 General Chemistry Principles II

A continuation of General Chemistry Principles I, which includes laboratory. Topics include: solutions and their colligative properties, acids and bases, chemical equilibrium, ionic equilibrium, pH, buffers, titration curves, oxidation and reduction balancing, electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, the covalent bond and the shape of molecules. Note: the laboratory course CHM 153L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Approved eye-protection and a laboratory coat are required materials. A student must pass the laboratory course to receive a passing grade in the entire course. Prerequisite(s): CHM 152
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
Course Outline
CHEMISTRY 100

## CHM 260 Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry

A one semester course in organic chemistry designed to provide background in the fundamentals of nomenclature, mechanisms, structures, and synthesis of carbon based compounds. This course is designed for science and health science majors who desire a general rather than a detailed knowledge of the compounds of carbon. Topics to be covered include: structure and bonding, acid/base chemistry, isomerism, stereochemistry, and structure determination. Functional groups to be covered include: hydrocarbons, alcohols, ethers, aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids, carboxylic acid derivatives and amines. Laboratory work will include common organic techniques and experiments supporting the principles covered in lecture. Note: the laboratory course CHM 260L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Approved eye-protection and a laboratory coat are required materials. A student must pass the laboratory course to receive a passing grade in the entire course. Prerequisite(s): CHM 153 Corequisite(s): CHM 260L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
Course Outline
CHEMISTRY 200

## CHM 270 Organic Chemistry I

This course is a study of the compounds of carbon involving a thorough integration of observation and theory and emphasizing the relationships between structures, properties, mechanisms and reactions. This course, intended for science and pre-professional majors, covers topics such as bonding and structure, alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, cycloaliphatic hydrocarbons, stereochemistry, alcohols, and phenols. Note: the laboratory course CHM 270L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Approved eye-protection and a laboratory coat are required materials. A student must pass the laboratory course to receive a passing grade in the entire course. Prerequisite(s): CHM 153 Corequisite(s): CHM 270L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 5 (3,4)
Course Outline
CHEMISTRY 200

## CHM 271 Organic Chemistry II

This course is a continuation of CHM 270. Topics covered include: spectroscopy and structure determination, dienes, benzene, electrophilic aromatic substitutions, carboxylic acids, esters, anhydrides, aldehydes, ketones, amines, amino acids, carbohydrates, heterocycles, and polymers. Note: the laboratory course CHM 271L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Approved eye-protection and a laboratory coat are required materials. A student must pass the laboratory course to receive a passing grade in the entire course. Prerequisite(s): CHM 270 with a grade of C- or higher Corequisite(s): CHM 271L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 5 (3,4)
Course Outline
CHEMISTRY 200

## CHM 371 Organic Chemistry II

This course is both a continuation of functional groups from CHM 270 and an expansion on concepts and techniques in Organic Chemistry. Functional groups covered include alcohols and phenois, ethers and epoxides, carboxylic acids, esters, anhydrides, aldehydes, ketones, and amines. The course will also train students in: interpretation of proton & carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared, and ultraviolet spectra of simple organic molecules; constructing mechanisms for organic transformations; devising syntheses of simple and moderately complex organic molecules. Laboratory work will reinforce these skills. Note: the laboratory course CHM 371L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Approved eye-protection and a laboratory coat are required materials. A student must pass the laboratory course to receive a passing grade in the entire course. Prerequisite(s): CHM 270 with a grade of C- or higher Corerquisite: CHM 371L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 5 (3,4)
CHEMISTRY 300

## CHM 380 Biochemistry

A one semester course covering the fundamentals of biochemistry. Topics covered include: the structure and function of important biomolecules such as carbohydrates lipids, amino acids, proteins and nucleic acids; enzyme kinetics and the use of cofactors and coenzymes; and metabolic pathways including glycolysis, TCA, electron transport system, fatty acid and amino acid pathways. Laboratory work includes current biochemical laboratory techniques such as chromatography and electrophoresis, application of specific topics described above, and analysis of data from laboratory experiments. Note: the laboratory course CHM 380L is a part of your grade for this course. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. Approved eye-protection and a laboratory coat are required materials. A student must pass the laboratory course to receive a passing grade in the entire course. Prerequisite(s): CHM 260 or CHM 271
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
Course Outline
CHEMISTRY 300

## CHM 381 Advanced Biochemistry

A continuation of the concepts covered in Biochemistry. Students will examine the pathways, enzymes, and organic chemical mechanisms involved in the metabolic pathways of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, nucleic acids, and photosynthesis. Additional emphasis will be placed on the unique coenzymes that are required for these metabolisms. Students will also be trained in reading and interpreting research publications in biochemistry. Prerequisite(s): CHM 271 and CHM 380
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
Course Outline
CHEMISTRY 300

## CHM 480 Chemistry Research I

Chemistry Research I represents substantial projects or work experiences for 135 hours earning 3 credits. Students will work alongside chemistry faculty in their professional research. Registration requires submission of resume three months in advance, chemistry faculty invitation or recommendation, and department chair approval. Prerequisite(s): CHM 270 and Permission of Department Chair.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (0,0,9)
CHEMISTRY 400

## CHM 481 Chemistry Research II

Chemistry Research II represents substantial projects or work experiences for 135 hours earning 3 credits. Students will work alongside chemistry faculty in their professional research. Registration requires submission of resume three months in advance, chemistry faculty invitation or recommendation, and department chair approval. Prerequisite(s): CHM 480 with a grade of B or higher and Permission of Department Chair.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (0,0,9)
CHEMISTRY 400

## CIV 101 Introduction to Civil Engineering Technology

This course is intended to introduce students to the Civil Engineering profession and to orient them to the tools, techniques, and practices involved in the Civil Engineering Technology program. The nature of the disciplines, career options, credentialing, and ethics in the field will be examined. Basic mathematical and computer techniques will be reviewed, and a project allowing- the application of these techniques, as well as introductory practice procedures, will be conducted.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 100

## CIV 106 Statics

This is a basic course in statics. The main objective of this course is to provide the student with a basic understanding of the principles of statics. Topics such as resultant of a force, equilibrium of forces, moments, couples, analysis of simple trusses, centroids, center of gravity, moments of inertia and friction are covered in this course. Prerequisite(s): MTH 129 Corequisite(s): PHY 135
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 100

## CIV 207 Elements of Strength of Materials

Introduces to the concepts of stress, strain, bending and shear stresses, including elasticity, shear and moment diagrams for beams, moment of inertia of unsymmetrical sections, thermal and combined stresses. Laboratory demonstration of experiments and testing equipment are included. Prerequisite(s): CON 106 or CIV 106 or MET 201
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 200

## CIV 208 Dynamics

This course is a study of the kinematics of particles, rigid body, vibration and highway dynamics. Kinematics of particles includes particle’s rectilinear motion in surface and under gravity, projectile motion, curvilinear motion, relative motion and dependent motion. Kinematics of rigid body includes translation and rotation. Kinetics of particles and rigid body focuses on the equation of motion, force, work, impulse, momentum and conservation principle. Basic understanding of free and torsion vibration is also included. How equations of motions are modified for roadway conditions including friction, grade and curves is also discussed. NOTE: Students completing this course cannot receive credit for MET302. Prerequisite: CIV 106 or CON 106
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 200

## CIV 302 Soils, Foundations and Earth Structures

This course introduces soil mechanics, foundation and earth structure to the engineering technology students. It includes soil classification, soil properties, soil stresses, earth pressures, bearing capacity, slope stability. It also discusses principles of foundation analysis and design, retaining walls, etc. Laboratory experiments to test behavior of soils included. Prerequisite(s): CON 207 or CIV 207 Corequisite(s): CIV 302L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 300

## CIV 303 Hydraulics

This course provides a broad understanding of the basic principles of engineering hydraulics and hydrology. The emphasis is on application of the theories. It involves basic principle of hydraulics, flow in closed conduits, flow in open channels, hydraulic structures, principles of hydrology, groundwater hydraulics, and related laboratory experiments. Computer application included. Prerequisite(s): CON 207 or CIV 207 and PHY 136 Corequisite(s): CIV 303L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 300

## CIV 399 Civil Engineering Technology Internship

A program of practical experience and independent study to supplement and enrich classroom learning. It is a fully faculty supervised structured industrial experience. Periodical written reports and end of the assignment employer report required. Prerequisite(s): ARC 121 and CIV 207, Junior-level status, and Department Chair approval.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 300

## CIV 402 Civil Engineering Materials

This course covers a study of the materials used for Civil Engineering construction purposes. The materials to be studied are concrete, steel, asphalt and wood. The physical parameters which contribute to material performance are studied. Appropriate laboratory tests are included. Documents from the American Concrete Institute and the American Society of Testing material will be used. Prerequisite(s): CIV 207 Corequisite(s): CIV 402L
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## CIV 408 Structures

This course introduces fundamentals of structural analysis for beams, trusses, frames, etc. It includes statically determinate as well as indeterminate structures. This course also introduces fundamentals of reinforced concrete design including strength design for beams, columns, footings, and two way slabs. Computer application included. Prerequisite(s): CIV 207 or CON 207
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## CIV 409 Structural Design

This course introduces fundamentals of structural steel design with basic frame analysis. This includes design of tension members, compression members, beams, columns, and various connections. This course also teaches the basic principles of wood design, which includes formwork design and frame construction. Computer application is included. Prerequisite(s): CIV 207 or CON 207
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## CIV 410 Transportation Engineering

This course focuses on the fundamentals of planning, design, and operation of various modes of transportation engineering in transportation systems. General administration, legislation, financing, studies, and evaluations of transportation projects will be addressed. The design parameters and characteristics of highway, bus, rail, air, and water transportation modes will be considered. Consolidation with a review of intelligent transportation systems and hands-on projects within various modes will also be undertaken. Prerequisite(s): CIV 207, CON 207
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## CIV 411 Water & Wastewater Systems

This course is an introduction to water and wastewater treatment, interpretation of analyzed physical, chemical, and biological aqueous characteristics associated with the design and operation of treatment processes. Fundamental principles employed in the treatment of drinking water and sanitary wastewater will be covered. Essential components and design procedures for stormwater and sanitary sewer systems will be introduced. Prerequisite(s): CIV 303 or CON 303 and CHM 152
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## CIV 412 Highway Engineering

This course focuses on the planning, design, and construction of highway transportation facilities. Topics to be covered include highway administration and finance, traffic flow characteristics, and driver characteristics. Design of geometry, roadside, drainage, and intersections will be considered. Further, considerations of traffic control and pavements will be made. Consideration of these topics will be based on standards promulgated by AASHTO and NYSDOT. Prerequisite(s): CIV 302, CON 302
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## CIV 414 Reinforced Concrete Design

This course will cover the design of members and frames of reinforced concrete. Topics include principles of structural design; properties of concrete and reinforcement; design of slabs, beams, columns, and footings; and introduction to pre-stressed concrete. Emphasis is on the use of the ACI code, and a comprehensive group design project is assigned. Prerequisite: CIV 408 or CON 408
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## CIV 496 Capstone Project

This is a capstone course. It utilizes skills and knowledge acquired in various courses in the curriculum and general education courses to produce a real-life project. In this course, students follow a faculty-driven structured process to integrate various components of a project. This course is intended to help the student to synthesize skills and knowledge learned in other courses to apply in real-life situations. Prerequisite(s): Department Approval, Upper Division Status, recommended in the final semester, CON 401W, CIV 408, CIV 410.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,0,3)
CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## CON 101 Introduction to Technology and Applied Programming

A survey of technological concepts, terminology and a brief review of mathematical concepts. This course introduces concepts of vector and its applications. It introduces hands-on programming and its applications, and reviews problem-solving techniques with technological applications.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 100

## CON 103 Surveying

The development of skills in the use of the basic surveying instruments- tape, level, transit. Trigonometric and differential leveling and cross-sectioning. Azimuth, bearing and angle determination by repetition procedures. Angular closures. Stadia and stadia reduction of inclined sights, topographic mapping by transit stadia and plan table methods. This course will include a field laboratory assignment.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 100

## CON 106 Statics

This is a basic course in statics. The main objective of this course is to provide the student with a basic understanding of the principles of statics. Topics such as resultant of a force, equilibrium of forces, moments, couples, analysis of simple trusses, centroids, center of gravity, moments of inertia and friction are covered in this course. Prerequisite(s): MTH 129 Corequisite(s): PHY 135
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 100

## CON 111 Graphics I

To develop student's abilities in lettering, technical sketching, drafting and the use of drafting instruments. The fundamentals of orthographic projection and pictorial drawings develop the student's abilities to visualize and describe objects and structures graphically.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 100

## CON 121 Graphics II

To continue the development of the graphic skills from Graphics I to include one and two point perspective drawing and the introduction of descriptive geometry. Also included is an extensive use of computer-aided drawing on AutoCad. Prerequisite(s): CON 111
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 100

## CON 161 Materials and Methods of Construction I

An introduction to the engineering properties and the uses of construction materials including soils, concrete, masonry, steel and wood. Classroom testing demonstrations of several materials are included. Conventional construction systems are studied. The student is also given an orientation to the construction industry, the associated professions, and the varieties of employment available. Note: Students cannot get credit for CON 161 and 161W; CON 161W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement which is offered at the discretion of the Architectural/Construction Management Department
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 100

## CON 162 Materials and Methods of Construction II

A continuation of CON 161 extended to include the study of architectural properties of selected materials, methods of construction, and building components. Class work includes technical problem solving using quantitative and graphic analysis of specific building construction systems. Prerequisite(s): CON 161
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 100

## CON 207 Elements of Strength of Materials

Introduces to the concepts of stress, strain, bending and shear stresses, including elasticity, shear and moment diagrams for beams, moment of inertia of unsymmetrical sections, thermal and combined stresses. Laboratory demonstration of experiments and testing equipment are included. Prerequisite(s): CON 106 or CIV 106 or MET 201
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 200

## CON 251 Architectural Design I

Drafting standards, techniques and creative design principles related to the field of architecture. Freehand drawing design problems with the development of research notes, preliminary studies and architectural presentation drawings.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 1 or 3 (2,3)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 200

## CON 302 Soils, Foundations and Earth Structure

This course introduces soil mechanics, foundation and earth structure to the engineering technology students. It includes soil classification, soil properties, soil stresses, earth pressures, bearing capacity, slope stability. It also discusses principles of foundation analysis and design, retaining walls, etc. Laboratory experiments to test behavior of soils included. Prerequisite(s): CON 207 or CIV 207 Corequisite(s): CON 302L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 300

## CON 303 Hydraulics

This course provides a broad understanding of the basic principles of engineering hydraulics and hydrology. The emphasis is on application of the theories. It involves basic principle of hydraulics, flow in closed conduits, flow in open channels, hydraulic structures, principles of hydrology, groundwater hydraulics, and related laboratory experiments. Computer application included. Prerequisite(s): CON 207 or CIV 207 and PHY 136 Corequisite(s): CON 303L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 300

## CON 350 Introduction to Construction Engineering

This course introduces construction engineering principles and methods and equipment used in heavy and commercial construction. It includes earthmoving excavating, loading and hauling, rock excavation, compressed air and water systems, tunneling, and some selected topics from building construction. Prerequisite(s): CON 162 and CON 207
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 300

## CON 351 Construction Safety

This course covers the principles required for the assurance of safety on construction sites. The main topic of the course is the review of the regulations put forth in the OSH Act (19 CFR 1926), as enforced by OSHA. Along with coverage of accident theory, hazard analysis, and incident investigation, the course provides material in accordance with OSHA 30-hour certification requirements. Prerequisite(s): CON 161, Junior Status.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 300

## CON 355 Construction Management Financial and Accounting Principles

This course covers basic construction financing and cost accounting systems, job costing approaches, project budgeting, financial reporting procedures, forecasting financial needs, time value of money, evaluating investments, construction loans and credit, the impact of taxes and life cycle analysis. Computers applied as required. Prerequisite(s): BUS 109 and Junior level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 300

## CON 357 Quantity Surveying and Costing

This course focuses on fundamentals of quantity survey and costing of residential and commercial facilities. Quantification of materials from construction drawings is covered in this course. Topics also covered range from site work, forms, concrete, metals and masonry, plumbing and electrical to wood framing and steel framing. The course also introduces fundamentals of computer assisted estimating. Prerequisite(s): CON 162
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 300

## CON 361 Government Building, Environmental Codes and Regulations

This course studies the concepts in preparation of an environmental impact statement. It also reviews state and local building and land use controls. Attention will be given to governmental regulations required to obtain building permits for particular construction projects. Prerequisite(s): CON 162
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 300

## CON 365 Highway Design and Construction

Design criteria for roadways including arterial signalization speed considerations, visual constraints and reaction criteria. Superelevation and spiral curve criteria. Construction quantification, haul considerations and mass curve analysis. Traffic considerations, destination surveys and road saturation criteria. Intersection analysis, striping, signage and lighting. Barriers, types and design considerations. Economic analysis and environmental constraints. Appurtenant structure consideration such as drains, curbing, curb cuts and ramps. Pavement stability. Prerequisite(s): CON 303
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 300

## CON 399 Applied Research Topics

A program of applied research and independent study on topics a faculty member is currently working on. This course is meant to enrich the learning experience by introducing the student to methods and analysis in applied research. This is a fully faculty directed and supervised structured research experience. Applied research work will be presented in an appropriate forum. Prerequisite(s): Associate degree in Construction Technology or third year standing in a Construction Technology program.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 300

## CON 401W Construction Project Management and Scheduling (Writing Intensive)

This course gives an in-depth introduction and orientation to construction project management. This includes professional construction management in practice and methods in professional construction management. Some of the areas this course will cover are: Bidding and Award, Application of Controls, Scheduling, Planning and Control of Operations and Resources, Procurement Quality Assurance, Safety and Health in Construction, Industrial Relations. Computer Applications included. This is a writing-intensive course. Note: Students cannot get credit for CON 401 and 401W; CON 401W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the Construction/Architectural Management Department. Prerequisite(s): CON 161, EGL 101 with a grade of C or higher, and junior status.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CON 402 Civil Engineering Materials

This course covers a study of the materials used for Civil Engineering construction purposes. The materials to be studied are concrete, steel, asphalt and wood. The physical parameters which contribute to material performance are studied. Appropriate laboratory tests are included. Documents from the American Concrete Institute and the American Society of Testing material will be used. Prerequisite(s): CON 161, Junior Status Corequisite(s): CON 402L
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CON 405 Advanced Estimating

This course attempts to give the students a broader perspective based on the various roles an estimator may play that requires preparation or interpretation of cost data. It provides an understanding of the importance of accurate estimating in controlling project cost and in determining project budgets. It includes references and examples that cover the wide range of project types. It also covers present computer technology in the field of estimating. Prerequisite(s): CON 357
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CON 406 Advanced Project Planning and Scheduling

CON 406 Advanced Project Planning and Scheduling. Topics include introduction to advanced project planning concepts and terminology, development of schedule activities and preparing and maintaining computerized schedules. Introduction to Building Information Modeling (BIM). Prerequisite(s): CON 401W
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CON 407 Building Commissioning

This course provides various aspects of Building Commissioning process that includes verifying all the subsystems of a building such as HVAC, plumbing, electrical, fire/life safety, building envelopes, lighting etc. Students will develop an understanding of the relationships between new construction and LEED Building Commissioning credits. Laboratory tests on start up and optimization of energy uses of HVAC, Electrical and Plumbing components are included. Prerequisite(s): ARC 263
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CON 408 Structures

This course introduces fundamentals of structural analysis for beams, trusses, frames, etc. It includes statically determinate as well as indeterminate structures. This course also introduces fundamentals of reinforced concrete design including strength design for beams, columns, footings, and two way slabs. Computer application included. Prerequisite(s): CON 207 or CIV 207
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,0,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CON 409 Structural Design

This course introduces fundamentals of structural steel design with basic frame analysis. This includes design of tension members, compression members, beams, columns, and various connections. This course also teaches the basic principles of wood design, which includes formwork design and frame construction. Computer application is included. Prerequisite(s): CON 207 or CIV 207
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,0,2)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CON 496 Capstone Project

This is a capstone course. It utilizes skills and knowledge acquired in various courses in the curriculum and general education courses to produce a real-life project. In this course, students follow a faculty driven structured process to integrate various components of a project. This course introduces very little new material, rather it helps the student to synthesize skills and knowledge learned in other courses to apply in real-life situations. Prerequisite(s): Department Approval, Upper Division Status, recommended in the final semester, CON357, ARC 364 and CON401W.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,0,3)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CON 497 Senior Project I

Part I of a two part capstone course. Involves writing the proposal and researching background for Part II of Senior Project CON 498. It will utilize skills and knowledge acquired in various curriculum and non curriculum courses to solve a real life construction problem. It will involve an independent investigation of a technical problem of interest to both the student and a faculty member who shall act as Project Advisor.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 (0,3)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CON 498 Senior Project II

Part II of two part capstone course. Involves investigation of proposed problem, including test, analysis, design, etc. along with formal report and presentation to senior project faculty committee. It will utilize skills and knowledge acquired in various curriculum and non curriculum courses to solve a real life construction problem. It will involve an independent investigation of a technical problem of interest to both the student and a faculty member who shall act as Project Advisor.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 2 (0,6)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CON 499 Senior Project

This is a capstone course. It will utilize skills and knowledge acquired in various curriculum and non curriculum courses to solve a real life construction problem. It will involve an independent investigation of a technical problem of interest to both the student and a faculty member who shall act as Project Advisor.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (0,9)
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 400

## CPS 100 Introduction to Cybersecurity

This course introduces the bird's-eye view of cybersecurity landscape and the computer security related curricula and programs at the college level. Students will gain knowledge and skills that improve their levels of readiness to start the journey of learning cybersecurity and ultimately becoming cybersecurity professionals. It will introduce topics relevant to the major, such as computer hacking, malware, software security, network security, cloud security, endpoint security, application security, identity security, mobile security, digital forensics, security certification, and related topics.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 100

## CPS 201 Digital Systems & Security

The course will examine the security threats to digital information, computer systems and networks. Students will learn about the principles of digital systems, including computer architecture and programming, digital information, and techniques to maintain the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information. Topics will include risk assessment, security awareness, security policy, security auditing, and legal and ethical aspects. The course will prepare the students with background knowledge in cryptography, biometrics, software security and network security. Prerequisite(s): EET 105
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 200

## CPS 203 Data Security & Privacy

This course will introduce the students to cybersecurity laws and policies regarding data breaches throughout different organizations. The course will cover topics that will include risk assessment, post-incident review, access control, information security governance, and data loss prevention. Students will undergo activities to analyze risk domains and follow regulatory compliances to protect the privacy and security of data within an organization. Prerequisite(s): CPS 201 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 200

## CPS 205 Digital Signal & Image Processing

This course will examine the fundamental concepts of digital signals and image in relation to security applications. Topics will include signal and image characteristics, acquisition, quantization, filtering, enhancement, spectral analyses, feature extraction, segmentation, and morphological transformation. Students will be trained on algorithm and mathematical tools, and practical applications of Digital Signal and Image Processing techniques. The course will also examine the digital video and its applications to security field. Prerequisite(s): CPS 201
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 200

## CPS 301 Biometric Recognition

This course will examine the concepts of automated human recognition with anatomical biometrics and behavioral biometrics. It focuses on biometric system design, biometric image and signal processing, biometric sensor technology, and anti-spoofing technology. Students will learn how each biometric works, how to process non-ideal biometric signals and images, and how to choose the right biometrics for different applications. The course also covers the security and privacy issue of biometrics. Prerequisite(s): CPS 205 or CPS 203
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 300

## CPS 303 Operating System & Security

This course presents the state of the art of OS security to students. It covers OS-level mechanisms, and how they relate to mitigating and defending against malware attacks on computer systems, such as buffer overflow, remote access Trojan, self-propagating worms, large-scale botnets, etc. Basic OS security techniques such as logging, system call auditing, address space randomization, memory protection, virtual machine introspection (VMI) will be discussed. Other techniques, such as host-based intrusion and detection, system randomization, vulnerability fingerprinting, and virtualization, will also be introduced. Prerequisite(s): CPS 201
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 300

## CPS 305 Foundations of Cryptography

This course explores discrete mathematics and elementary number theory, with an emphasis on the mathematical principles underlying encryption and cryptanalysis. It covers the basic discrete structures, inductions and recursions, combinatorics, and discrete probability. It introduces algebraic structures such as group and field, and covers fundamental algorithms in modular arithmetic and integer arithmetic. Upon successful completion, students will have a solid foundation to learn a variety of cryptographic algorithms. Prerequisite(s): MTH 130 or MTH 150
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 300

## CPS 320 Malware Detection and Defense

This course will teach students the core concepts needed to analyze unknown source codes. Students will learn different exploits and how they work on an infrastructure and system's level. Topics will include control flow graphs, obfuscation techniques and common assembly language attack patterns. Students will be trained on the techniques of common malware characteristics and signatures in order to perform both static and dynamic analyses of unknown binaries. Prerequisite(s): CPS 201 or SST 312
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 300

## CPS 325 Vulnerability Analysis

This course teaches students the principles of vulnerability analysis and software code auditing. It examines different types of threats and vulnerabilities that are inherent in software and that you might find in codebases. This course will also cover the origins of these attacks and how they have gained in popularity over the past years and how we can mitigate them in today's application lifecycle. Students will be trained to utilize the concepts of buffer overflows, integer security and format strings to evaluate software/data integrity failures. Prerequisite(s): CPS 201
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 300

## CPS 390 Web Application Security

The amount of data that we entrust to web applications is increasing significantly and therefore, the defenders need to learn how to properly secure web applications from attackers. This course will go through the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) top 10 risks, which will properly train a student how to better understand web application vulnerabilities and ensure that they can properly defend an organization’s web assets. It will also cover the programming, architecture and strategies as applied to devising a real-world web application. Prerequisite(s): CPS 303
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 300

## CPS 401 Applied Cryptography

This course examines the inner workings of modern symmetric and public-key cryptosystems and algorithms, including DES, AES, MD5, SHA-1/2/3, RSA, multi-party computation, and elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), and the constructions of Message Authentication Code (MAC) and Digital Signature (DS). It examines the privacy applications of cryptography supporting anonymous credentials and private database lookup. Lattice-based cryptography will also be examined. Prerequisite(s): CPS 305
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 400

## CPS 405 Senior Project

This capstone course will require students to employ the technical knowledge they gathered throughout the curriculum in order to carry out an independent research project on a topic related to computer security technology. Under supervision of a Faculty member, students will produce creative projects, generate research papers, and present their work. Prerequisite(s): CPS 401
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 400

## CPS 460 Network Security

This course will examine the security threats to computer networks and techniques to secure network. Topics will include network components and protocols, access control, firewall, honeypot, intrusion detection, virtual private network, vulnerability assessment, malware propagation, denial of service attacks, investigation of network data, and security protocols. At the conclusion of the course, students will have a full understanding of security design, network monitoring, and response to network attacks. Prerequisite(s): CPS 303
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 400

## CPS 461 Penetration Testing

This course will cover a broad base of topics in ethical hacking, network defense, and offensive security. It aims to immerse students into an interactive environment where they will learn how to scan, test, and secure information systems. Students will gain in-depth knowledge and practical experience with network systems. By gaining a thorough understanding of how hackers operate, a student will be able to set up strong countermeasures and defensive systems to protect an organization's critical infrastructure and data. The students will discuss the various legal issues associated with the pen-testing and ethical hacking. Prerequisite(s): CPS 460
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 400

## CPS 462 Smart Grid Security

The course examines the fundamentals of smart power grid and the necessary background in computer security. It covers both cyber security and physical security across operational aspects of smart grid and discusses a variety of secure solutions to the smart grid, including identity management and access control, threat defense, datacenter security, WAN security, security monitoring and management, physical safety and security, generation plant security, substation security, and utility regulatory compliance. Prerequisite(s): CPS 460
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 400

## CPS 463 Distributed Systems & Security

This course explores the design and implementation of secure distributed systems. The main goal focuses on the techniques for creating functional, usable, scalable, and high-performance distributed systems with security as a built-in factor. It covers the principles and techniques behind the design of distributed systems, such as locking, concurrency, scheduling, remote procedure call and transparency, distributed shared memory, update conflicts, and the security components, such as cryptographic primitives, user authentication, secure-socket layer, imperfect communication and other types of failure, software vulnerabilities and exploits, intrusion detection and prevention. Other topics may be covered including cluster-based IP Router, Onion routing, Distributed systems at Data Center, Cloud computing and Google File System. Prerequisite(s): CPS 303 and CPS 401
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 400

## CPS 464 Cloud Security

This course will provide an in-depth analysis into different cloud security issues and how they can be mitigated and contained using distributed services. Topics will include: scalability and computing power of cloud, information security and forensics, risk management, disaster recovery, countermeasures to malicious attacks, auditing and compliance. Students will be able to develop necessary skills in order to provide a reliable and secure cloud service. Prerequisite(s): CPS 460
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 400

## CPS 491 Computer Security Internship

The internship course is designed to provide the students with the opportunity to earn technical elective credits by acquiring hands-on industry experience in the computer security field. A student will work in a computer security related role at an organization in consultation with a Faculty advisor. The student will maintain a log of their work at the organization signed by the supervisor. In addition, weekly journal entries will be enforced to summarize the work experience. Finally, the student will need to write two reflective essays about the internship experience. Prerequisite(s): Approval of department chair
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY 400

## CRJ 100 Introduction to Criminal Justice

In this introductory course, the roots of the criminal justice system will be explored, along with the specific processes of law enforcement, the courts, and corrections. The understanding of Supreme Court cases will be connected to these areas of the system. Further understanding will be developed in areas of theory, crime elements and crime trends. Current issues in the criminal justice system will also be discussed.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 100

## CRJ 101 Law Enforcement and Community Relations

This course considers the functions of law enforcement in modern society. Emphasis will be placed on the numerous and complex factors involved in the areas of human relations, including culture and environment. The intricacies of communication, perception, and body language will be a connector to the examination of bias, prejudice and discrimination. Documented law enforcement and community interactions will be examined in relationship to agency policy, the courts and public sentiment.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 100

## CRJ 102 Juvenile Delinquency and Justice

This course discusses this unique population through theory and the processes of the courts and juvenile justice systems. Juveniles represent a special population within the justice system, with differences in explanations of delinquency and treatment. Methods of rehabilitation and sanctioning will be explored, along with assessment, screening, and referral procedures. The policies and laws that frame the treatment of juveniles will further students’ understanding of system behavior.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 100

## CRJ 105 Corrections in America

This course will discuss the history of the US correctional systems as a series of penal reforms. It will also explore the theoretical principles and critiques that direct and influence correctional policies and practices, past and present. In addition, it will investigate the populations and operations of various correctional institutions and programs: inmates and offices, jails, prisons, and community forms of correction. It will further assess the problems and challenges of current correctional practices: aging populations, mental illness, and HIV/AIDS. Moreover, it will consider the future of corrections in the context of what has been called "a culture of control".
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 100

## CRJ 109 Cannabis&Criminal Justice Law

This course considers the historical and social context of cannabis policy and State and Federal laws. Emphasis will be placed the numerous social justice issues surrounding cannabis laws, including the intersection of race, ethnicity, and socio-economic status and the disproportionate impact of policy and legislation. These themes will be connected to the current legalization of cannabis and the ongoing impact on individuals, communities and the justice system. The overarching themes of this course are law enforcement, sentencing guidelines, incarceration, and community supervision.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 100

## CRJ 120 Introduction to Lie Detection

This course will explore the concept of lie detection. It examines the science of detecting deceptive behavior, and focuses on how to interpret truthful versus untruthful criminal behavior, including the verbal and non-verbal signals which allow law enforcement and private security professionals to identify wrongdoing during a criminal investigation. It introduces background screening techniques, as well as interview and interrogation techniques, featuring the Reid Method, as well as state of the art technology used to detect untruthfulness. Various techniques for visual and audible identification within this concept will be examined, including voice stress analysis and facial and bodily recognition.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 100

## CRJ 200 Criminal Investigation

Introduction to criminal investigation, technical methods used at the crime scene; development of clues, identification of suspects; criminal investigation procedures including the theory of an investigation; conduct at crime scenes; collection and preservation of physical evidence, analysis of the elements that constitute all crimes. Note: The course may be offered as a writing intensive course at the discretion of the Criminal Justice Department. Students cannot get credit for both CRJ 200 and CRJ 200W. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 100
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 200

## CRJ 201 Criminalistics

The role of the Crime Laboratory in the law enforcement organization; scope of a criminalistic operation; organizational orientation of the criminalistics laboratory. Reconstruction of the crime scene through computer animation methods. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 100 and CRJ 200
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 200

## CRJ 203 Criminology

This course introduces anthropological, biological, economic, ecological, philosophical, psychiatric, and sociological theories of criminal behavior. The functions of punishment and methods of crime reduction will be connected to theoretical concepts. Crime trends and patterns will be explored through the examination of Uniform Crime Reports, the National Crime Victimization Survey, and local sources. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 100
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 200

## CRJ 204 Criminal Law

The course introduces students to the criminal law system and its function within the criminal justice system, specifically through the discussion of New York State Penal Law. The course will examine offense types and degrees, as well as the elements of specified offenses, with reference to principal rules of criminal liability. Students will employ the case analysis method to study case precedents. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 100
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 200

## CRJ 205 Criminal Procedure Law

This course focuses on the rules of evidence, operation, and policy that make up criminal procedure. Emphasis will be placed on New York Criminal Procedure Law and its rules regarding arrest, force, and search and seizure. Case Tracking tools that are used within prosecution and court units and systems will be discussed, as well as methods of determining trends in practice and rule effectiveness. Students will be able to apply fact patterns to procedure. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 204
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 200

## CRJ 211 Law Enforcement Administration

Principles of organization and management in law enforcement and public safety. Analysis of the major problems in police organization and administration. Developing, maintaining and using complex and multiple information systems for crime trends as well as internal organizational operations; use of management control systems and associated computer information analysis and simulation tools for police patrol planning and evaluation. Examination of the role of technology in the police crime prevention function. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 100, 101
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 200

## CRJ 300 Forensic Psychology

This course introduces the student to the study of forensic psychology, a discipline that applies psychology to the law and the criminal justice system. Topics to be covered include: the psychologist's role in the criminal courts, ethical dilemmas of psychologists working in the criminal justice system, psychological perspectives on the nature of criminality and the investigation of crime, criminal profiling, the effects of psychological empirical research on the outcome of criminal trials, and the psychology of the police, witnesses, offenders, and victims. Other new research topics in the field, such as the use of brain fingerprinting technology to determine criminal culpability will also be explored. Students completing this course cannot receive credit for PSY 300. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 100 or PSY 101
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 307 Criminal Justice Data Base Operations

The course introduces students to the meaning and structure of criminal justice data, the design of and security for criminal, legal and classified databases, the management of competing information security and confidentiality concerns, and the rights to access criminal justice records on the part of the public, corporate interests and the media. The course examines criminal justice data collection throughout the legal lifecycle (complaint, arrest, prosecution, court, corrections, probation and parole); understanding all through the prism of authenticity, value, timeliness, accountability, integration and prevention. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 115 Corequisite(s): CRJ 307L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 308 Forensic Technology

The course will introduce the student to photographic and video equipment and methods that are used for crime scene documentation and police surveillance operations, including forensic imaging analysis. The course will include a study of camera design and operation, lens selection and functions, role of light and illumination technologies, digital image editing software, and a review of the chain of custody procedures in recording and archiving images for courtroom presentation. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 201 Corequisite(s): CRJ 308L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 309 Crime, Justice and the Media

This course focuses on the intersection of criminality, the justice system, and the media. Through old and new forms of media this course will explore the ways in which the media is a contributing factor to criminal behavior and an influence on public perceptions of criminality, offenders, and victims. This course will also investigate how the media plays a role in functions of the criminal justice system, is used as a tool for solving crimes, and intersects with criminal justice policy. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 100, CRJ 203
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 316 Victimology

This course provides an understanding of the impact of crimes on victims, which is an important part of the dynamics within the criminal justice system. The significance of harm, harm reduction, criminal offending, and criminal justice system justice operations are essential in the understanding of victimization. Topics covered may include criminological theories of victimization, routine activity and situational crime perspectives, legal constructs, and forms of victimization as they relate to public safety. Measurement of crime and prevention strategies will be incorporated. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 203
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 325 Fraud Examination

This course covers the field of Fraud Examination and the principles underlying its prevention and detection. The course will examine the historical origins of fraud, the commission of fraud, and how fraud may be detected and deterred. The course will include multiple-case study integration for data analysis. The purpose of this course is to give practical guidance within the area of examining fraud to enhance the student’s ability to recognize, identify, and prevent financial deceptions in governmental, public, or private organizations. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 200 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 350 Courts and the Judiciary

In this course, students will analyze the administration of justice in the United States. Topics include common and statutory law, the policy of stare decisis, constitutional law, due process, court administration, the exclusionary rule, courtroom procedure (the role of the police, prosecutor, defense counsel, judge, grand jury, trial jury), federal courts (federal criminal law, judges, attorney generals, U.S. marshals, and the judicial districts), state courts (types and jurisdiction, relationship to federal courts), and the U.S. Supreme Court (constitutional law, justices, and appellate jurisdiction). Prerequisite(s): CRJ 204 and CRJ 205 both with a grade of C- or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 354 Police Leadership

This course addresses a wide-range of ethical leadership skills that are applicable to all police ranks. In addition to incident-driven techniques; the course also embraces problem-oriented intelligence-led policing and integrates both ethics, and leadership concepts. Unethical conduct such as abuse of discretion, use of excessive force, discriminatory practices, uncivil conduct, abuse of power, and dishonesty are examined. This course includes development of essential ethical leadership competencies. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 211
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 355 Mental Health & Criminal Justi

This course focuses on the intersection of mental illness and various aspects of the criminal justice system. Individuals with mental illnesses are disproportionately represented in the criminal justice system, and there is an extensive history of treatment issues regarding the mentally ill in the system. Additionally, professionals working in the criminal justice field also experience a variety of mental health impacts. This course will explore the prevalence of mental illness amongst offenders as well as criminal justice practitioners. In addition to a focus on the adult system, attention will also be paid to mental illness in the juvenile justice system. The course will examine mental health in each of the main components of the system including police, courts, and corrections. Specific topics that will be examined in this course include, but are not limited to, the criminalization of the mentally ill, competency to stand trial, law enforcement responses, treatment of mental illness in prisons and jails, and effects of secondary trauma of criminal justice practitioners. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 100, PSY 315
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 360 Probation and Parole

This course will explore the history and philosophy of probation and parole in the United States, with an emphasis on the systems of New York State. Topics include an examination of the nature, characteristics, and scope of parole and probation operations, as well as the impact of supervision and alternatives to incarceration on the function of the criminal justice system. Students will assess treatment, rehabilitation, deterrence, and retribution functions and will explore sentencing models. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 105 and Junior level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 365 Alternative Court Programs in Society

This course explores the historical roots of alternative court programs, why they were created, how they are effective. It will help students understand methodologies to design programs for the benefit of individuals with special needs and how addressing core causes for criminality is a valid approach to recidivism. The course will review programs on the state and federal level and studies done to determine their effectiveness. The course will also educate students as to court process, the use of alternatives to incarceration and supervision and how to effectively approach community problems with a view toward "breaking the cycle" of recidivism for individuals and their families and communities. It will also help students understand restorative justice and mentoring within the court system. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 203
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 370 Patrol Operations

This course focuses on the policies and procedures related to the function of police patrols, including communication issues and community relations. Topics include law enforcement philosophies and theories, community policing, the importance of written and verbal communication in the patrol process, ethical considerations, officer safety, and criminal investigation. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 200
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (4,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 374 Intelligence Operations

This course prepares students to analyze a wide range of data in crime investigations, and includes training in software that is used in the field. Students will apply basic analytical techniques and intelligence training. Topics include sources of information, the information process, general research methods, critical thinking, statistical approaches, crime analysis, data association, inference development, information flow and classification, and telephone and financial analysis. In-class exercises will support additional applied learning topics. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 115 and CRJ 200
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (4,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 380 Homeland Security and Counterterrorism

This course provides an in-depth study of the issues leading to terrorist activities and the multiple approaches to dealing with terrorism in the context of homeland security. Students will examine the fundamental issues behind terrorism and the current responses to this threat. Topics will include the various modes of terrorism, the psychology of terrorism and prominent terrorist groups. In addition, students will evaluate international measures to curb terrorism, and explore the role of police, public and civil sectors, business and media interests in countering terrorist activities, as well as emerging trends in terrorism. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 211
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 390 Organized Crime

This course explores the historical roots of organized crime and it’s from a national and international perspective. The examination will include criminal activities, methods of organization, and economic factors, as well as the correlations that explain the criminal behavior. In depth analysis will be on causal factors, causal factors, activities, organization and economics of organized crime. The development of preventative strategies will also be considered. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 203
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 300

## CRJ 405 Corrections and Reentry

This course explores the important factors in the maintenance and supervision in correctional settings, as well as programs post-release. Students will assess and evaluate the current prison/jail population and extrapolate from the population of formerly incarcerated individuals. Students will examine the current programs to which inmates and supervised individuals are remanded, evaluate their effectiveness, and develop alternatives. This course will cover the constitutional amendments directly connected to corrections, with their ethical underpinnings, and examine the reintegration and supervision of individuals in the community. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 360
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 406 Crime Analysis and Mapping

Students will learn how to analysis and apply sampled data distributions to crime patterns. Digital tools will allow students to identify trends and patterns in order to determine police service allocations based on collected data The science and foundation principles of geographical information systems design and operation will be reviewed. Homeland Security implications as well as publicly available geospatial information will also be covered as specific applications for mapping techniques. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 307 Corequisite(s): CRJ 406L
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 407 Crime Prevention Systems

This course will introduce the student to the theory and practice of crime prevention and examine topics such as the relationship of the built environment to crime, designing out crime, threat assessment, target hardening, and the like. The course will also focus on residential and commercial crime prevention systems. In addition, an analysis of false alarms from the perspective of the environment, end-user errors, and equipment malfunctions will be conducted. The course concludes with a review of police studies that have examined the nature and extent of the false alarm problem as well as the laws that regulate the use of crime prevention systems by public and private agencies. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 406 Corequisite(s): CRJ 407L
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 410 Senior Project

Independent study of a Security Systems or related area of interest to both the student and a faculty member who shall act as project Advisor. The project selected will utilize competencies acquired in previous Security Systems and related courses.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 425 Policy and Program Evaluation

This course examines policies and programs in the field of criminal justice through the lens of the evaluation hierarchy. Policies and programming efforts are central components of the criminal justice system, and the field is moving towards prioritizing evidence-based practices. The purpose of this course is to explore key ways to evaluate policies and programs. Specifically, students will learn about the importance of assessing the need for interventions, identifying the theoretical mechanisms for how policies and programs should achieve their goals, monitoring the implementation fidelity of policies· and programs, analyzing the effectiveness of the interventions, and conducting cost-efficiency evaluations. Policies and practices from each component of the criminal justice system - police, courts, and corrections will be evaluated. Prerequisite(s): SOC 366
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 430 Forensic DNA Analysis

This course will introduce the student to modern molecular biological techniques that are used in a crime laboratory. The student will be taught the theory of forensic DNA testing as well as gain practical forensic field experience. The course will cover background information on body fluid identification, DNA structure and function, analytical of DNA typing. The primary focus will be the molecular biological technique known as short tandem repeats (STR) testing. Other topics covered include sample handling, DNA databanking, results reporting, criminal cases, and case preparation and courtroom presentation. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 201 Corequisite(s): CRJ 430L
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 444 Intelligence Analysis

This course explores data-driven analysis of crime and intelligence as an effective method for solving and controlling crime. The course addresses a law enforcement officer’s ability to use logic, deductive reasoning, and proven scientific methods to save investigative hours and increase the credibility of investigation. Students will address a wide variety of domestic, regional and transnational intelligence issues. Additionally, students will apply fundamental knowledge of the threat environment facing the intelligence community. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 374
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (4,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 450 Privacy and Equality

This course will focus on the development of civil rights and liberties under the Bill of Rights, the Fourteenth Amendment, and legislative enactments. Students will examine the legal authority for privacy and equality in our governmental system. Topics will include individual liberties, freedom of expression, freedom of religion, due process, the right to privacy, equal treatment and equal protection under the law, and civil liberties in the criminal justice system. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 350
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 454 Ethics and Leadership in Criminal Justice

This course provides an understanding of the role of integrity in leadership roles throughout the criminal justice system. Students will explore leadership and ethics as applied to police, courts and corrections, with particular emphasis on organizational culture. Students will trace the historical path of leadership and ethics, and the development of current practices. Topics will include solidarity, influence, power and authority, discretion, and communication. Prerequisite(s): CRJ 211 and CRJ 450
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 458 Criminal Justice Internship

This course will provide seniors in the Criminal in the Criminal Justice Program with the opportunity to apply their coursework and academic experience in the criminal justice field. Students participate in an internship in a local government, non-profit or private agency, with experiences ranging from research to practical. The determination of the placement of the student or the applied learning type will be determined by conversations between the student and the faculty advisor. Prerequisite(s): Senior Status in the Criminal Justice Program
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 460W Senior Project (capstone)Wrtg

Students in this course develop a criminal justice topic in the area of police, courts, corrections or intelligence that is of interest to both the student and a faculty member who shall act as project advisor. The project selected will utilize competencies acquired in criminal justice and related courses. Students will either develop an independent project or work with an advisor on on-going research. The advisor will work with the student to define the project based on the student’s academic and career path. Prerequisite(s): Senior status in Criminal Justice B. S. degree program
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (1,0,2)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CRJ 490 Topics in Criminal Justice

A study of specific applications of Criminal Justice/Security Systems, with emphasis on student participation and written assignments. Critical thinking will be developed and demonstrated through understanding and interpreting the theory and practical concepts presented. Policies and advancements in the criminal justice field will be analyzed according to their advancement of knowledge and tactics used in various types of investigations and analyses. Prerequisite(s): Contingent on selected topic, must consult with department.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE 400

## CSC 101 Introduction to Computing

Computers have become a part of everyday life across many academic disciplines. In this course, students will acquire a broad knowledge of the computer science and information technology fields. Topics covered will include basic computer concepts, an overview of computational and algorithmic thinking, and an introduction to using computers to solve real-world problems. After completing this course, students will be prepared to apply computer concepts to other fields.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 100

## CSC 111 Computer Programming I

This is an introductory programming course. Students will be taught basic concepts of computer programming and problem solving using an object-oriented language. Selection, repetition, methods, classes, and arrays will be covered. Note: CSC 101 is recommended as a prerequisite, but not required for this course. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for BCS 120.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 100

## CSC 211 Computer Programming II

This course expands upon the knowledge and skills presented in Computer Programming I. Topics covered include: stack and heap memory, exception handlng, inheritance, polymorphism, recursion, abstract types, unit testing, and basic GUI programming. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for BCS 230 Prerequisite(s): CSC 111 OR BCS 120 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 200

## CSC 229 Data Structures & Algorithms I

This course is the first of a two course sequence that teaches students to efficiently apply programming techniques to problems commonly encountered in application programming. Fundamental data structures, including stacks, queues, lists, and trees are discussed and implemented. Students are introduced to the asymptotic analysis of algorithms into standard equivalency classes. Emphasis is placed on good programming practices. Students are evaluated both on their theoretical knowledge as well as on their performance on a variety of programming projects. NOTE: Students completing this course may not receive credit for BCS 370. Prerequisite(s): CSC 211 or BSC 230 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 200

## CSC 243 Computer Arch and Organization

This course provides students with an understanding of computer architecture and organization. Topics include machine level representation of data, assembly language and its relation to machine level organization, and memory system architecture.· Students will complete a variety of programming assignments in assembly language and the C programming language. Prerequisite(s): CSC 111 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 200

## CSC 251 Discrete Structures

The study of discrete mathematics forms the foundation for the theory and practice of computer science. This course discusses the fundamentals of logic, proofs, sets, functions, relations, recursion, recurrence relations, mathematical induction, graphs, trees, basic counting theory, regular languages, and context free grammars. Prerequisite(s): MTH 150 or MTH 130 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (4,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 200

## CSC 311 Advanced Programming

The course expands upon the knowledge and skills presented in Computer Programming II and Data Structures and Algorithms I. Topics covered includes: graphical user interfaces and multimedia, collections, testing and documentation, streams, regular expressions, lambda expressions, concurrency, and network programming. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 300

## CSC 321 Principles of Programming Language

Developers must understand the programming models underlying different languages to make an informed language choice when initiating a project. In this course, students will learn about the major programming language design paradigms and the strengths and weaknesses of the languages that follow them. This course also provides an introduction to the concepts behind compilers and runtime representations of programming languages. Topics covered may include the procedural, functional, logical, object-oriented, and visual programming paradigms. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 300

## CSC 325 Software Engineering

This course discusses the fundamental knowledge of software engineering methods and supporting tools in the context of modern software development. This course takes a close look at the various phases of software projects: definition, design, development, .delivery, management, and maintenance. The modern methodologies used in each of these phases will be explored, as well as their integration into successful projects. Students will learn through individual and team projects how to use version control systems and apply the principles of V software quality assurance. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 300

## CSC 329 Data Structures & AlgorithmsII

This course is the second of a two course sequence that teaches students to efficiently apply programming techniques to problems commonly encountered in application programming. More complex data structures, including balanced trees, graphs, maps, and heaps are introduced. Students are taught to analyze and classify more complex iterative and recursive algorithms into the standard Big-O equivalency classes. Emphasis is placed on good programming practice. Students are evaluated both on their theoretical knowledge as well as on their performance on a variety of programming projects. NOTE: Students completing this course may not receive credit for BCS 340. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 300

## CSC 332 Computer Networking

This course focuses on understanding how computer networks behave and the key principles of their organization and operation. Topics include layering, encapsulation, multiplexing, packet switching, principles of reliable data delivery, principles and mechanisms for congestion control, resource allocation, address translation, and other networks-related topics. Students will program and experiment with computer networks using specialized tools. Students completing this course may not receive credit for BCS 208. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 300

## CSC 343 Operating Systems

This course studies the design and implementation of computer operating systems. Topics covered include operating systems, principles, processes, CPU scheduling, concurrency, memory management, file systems, protection and security. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 300

## CSC 345 Compiler Construction and Design

This course builds upon the theoretical and programming foundations introduced in earlier courses to teach students about the structure and function of compilers and compiler components. Compilers are tools that convert high-level languages designed for human readability into low level languages designed for machine execution, and are vital to the democratization of information technology. Students will study aspects of lexical analysis, parsing, semantic analysis, code generation, and execution on a virtual machine. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 and CSC 251 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 300

## CSC 351 Human Computer Interaction

Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) focuses on how to design computer interfaces so humans can interact with them naturally. HCI has expanded rapidly and steadily for the last three decades, attracting professionals from many other disciplines and incorporating diverse concepts and approaches. Topics covered include new interaction styles, materials design, intelligent user interfaces and prototyping, design and perception, date visualization, human factors, multimedia, speech, and other related areas. Students will design a user interface, program a prototype, and test the result for usability. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 300

## CSC 363 Data Management

This course focuses on the study of data and its storage with an emphasis on relational database technology and exposure to NoSQL. Students will learn the entire process of database development from data gathering to querying a fully normalized relational database. Prerequisite(s): CSC 211 or BCS 230 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 300

## CSC 375W Ethical Issues in Computing Writing Intensive

As technological advances continue to significantly impact the way we live and work, the critical importance of social issues and professional practice continues to increase; new computer-based products and venues pose ever more challenging problems each year. In this course, students will be introduced to the basic cultural, social, legal, and ethical issues inherent in the discipline of computer science. Through a significant written report, students will demonstrate their ability to analyze a current problem in computer science through the lens of ethics, morality, and the law. This course is a writing intensive course. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 and EGL 101 both with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 300

## CSC 411 Secure Programming

This course teaches the essentials of developing secure software in accordance with the most current industry standards. It is designed to give students practical experience using security principles and techniques. Students will engage in significant programming real-world projects where they design, analyze, implement and test practical codes. Topics covered include: secure designs, risk analysis, threat modeling, defensive coding, penetration testing, fuzzing, static analysis, and security assessment. Prerequisite(s): CSC 311 or CSC 325 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 400

## CSC 425 Advanced Software Development

This course is an advanced software engineering class with focus on modern systems. This course discusses the verification and maintenance of large software systems; advanced software development techniques and large project management approaches; project planning, scheduling, resource management, accounting, configuration control, and documentation. Prerequisite(s); CSC 325 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 400

## CSC 429 Advanced Data Structures and Algorithms

Efficient storage and access of data is essential for the fast solutions of complex computational problems. In this course students will be exposed to a selection of advanced data structures and the algorithms that operate on them. Advanced analysis techniques, such as the amortized analysis of data structures, will be covered. Students will also be exposed to intractable problems and their approximation. Data structures to be studied may include B+ trees, union-find, Fibonacci heaps, and blockchains. Additional data structures and algorithms may also be studied. Prerequisite(s): CSC 329 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 400

## CSC 466 AI and Machine Learning

Many cognitive tasks that can be done easily and almost unconsciously by humans have proven extremely difficult to program on a computer. Artificial intelligence (Al) and machine learning deal with developing computer systems that can carry out these tasks. This course focuses on representation, reasoning, processing, and machine learning. Prerequisite(s): CSC 229 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 400

## CSC 490 Senior Project

The primary objective of this course is to give Computer Science students an opportunity to integrate techniques and concepts acquired in their coursework to the real-world experience of putting together and developing a functioning system. Elements will be drawn primarily from previous coursework, however everyone, functioning as part of a team, is required to go beyond what they've learned in coursework in order to develop a working system. The course is experiential in nature i.e. the student will be required to produce results for use by real individuals and will be evaluated both on process and end-­product. In addition to prerequisites, Senior level standing is required. Prerequisite(s): CSC 311 and CSC 325 and Senior Level Standing
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (4,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 400

## CSC 496 Special Topics in Computer Science

Courses that range from 496-497 will cover topics not covered in the regular curriculum. Topics may vary from term to term and reflect the interests of students, faculty and industry. Please check with the department office for information on topics to be covered each semester. Prerequisite(s): Permission of department
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 400

## CSC 499 Independent Study in Computer Science

This course allows students to receive credit for academic research and development work performed under the supervision of a full-time computer systems faculty member in a specialized area of mutual interest. The student will have an opportunity to work individually, or with a group in designing, developing, and preparing for publication the results of a research or development project. Enrollment requires prior agreement with both the supervising faculty member as well as the department chair. Credit can be received for this course more than one time with prior department permission. Prerequisite(s): Permission of department
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
COMPUTER SCIENCE 400

## DEN 015 Skills Refresher Course

This course is designed to assist students in maintaining their clinical skills following a break in their clinical sequence. Demonstration of clinical competency prior to re-entering the clinical sequence is necessary to ensure proper patient treatment. Additionally students who have not acquired sufficient clinical skills in their clinical course work will have the opportunity to remediate in this course.
• Level: 000
• Credits: 2 to 5 (2 to 5,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 000

## DEN 102 Dental Materials and Expanded Functions

This course is concerned with the study of dental materials that are employed in dentistry for the fabrication of dental appliances and tooth restorations. It will provide the student with a basic understanding of the various procedures, materials, and devices commonly used in dental practice. Emphasis will be placed on the physical and chemical properties of dental materials and how these properties affect the care and manipulation of the materials. Basic laboratory techniques, as well as expanded functions, will be performed in the lab. Spring. Prerequisite(s): DEN 105 Corequisite(s): DEN 102L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
DENTAL HYGIENE 100

## DEN 105 Dental and Oral Anatomy

The study of the anatomy of the oral, facial complex and the morphology of the dentitions. Emphasis is placed on technical dental terminology as well as occlusion. This course includes a co-requisite laboratory designed to provide experience in mastering tooth morphology and occlusion. Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Dental Hygiene Program. EGL 101, CHM 124 (or High School Chemistry/Lab) and BIO 166, all with a minimum grade of C Corequisite(s): DEN 105L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
DENTAL HYGIENE 100

## DEN 106 Oral Radiology I

This course acquaints the student with the nature of ionizing radiation, the history of x-rays, and their production and properties. The theory and practice of exposing, processing, mounting, and analyzing dental radiographs and digital images are covered as well as radiation dosage, radiation hazards, and protective devices for patient and operator. Emphasis is placed on the identification of anatomic landmarks and the differentiation of these from conditions which indicate abnormality or disease. This course includes a co-requisite laboratory which includes two hours per week of laboratory activity. Prerequisite(s): DEN 105, with a minimum grade of C or higher. Corequisite(s): DEN 106L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
DENTAL HYGIENE 100

## DEN 108 Oral Histology and Embryology

This course reviews basic histological tissues. Microscopic structures of the oral tissues are studied and include the hard palate, soft palate, tongue, lips, salivary glands and tonsils. Emphasis is on the development of the face, the oral cavity and, in specific, the tooth and its surrounding tissues. Spring. Prerequisite(s): DEN 105
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 100

## DEN 110 Preventive Oral Health Concepts I

This course is an introduction to the study of dental hygiene. It includes an overview of the dental hygiene profession to include current and future roles of the dental hygienist. Special emphasis is placed on the hygienist as periodontal co-therapist, the responsibility of the dental hygienist to the profession and the development and strengthening of values that pertain to the profession of dental hygiene. Other topics to be covered include: infection control procedures, disease transmission, the etiology and role of dental biofilm and calculus, biofilm control strategies, the importance of medical histories, medical emergencies, and planning implications for the medically compromised patient. Corequisite(s): DEN 105, 105L, 115
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 100

## DEN 115 Clinical Dental Hygiene I

This is a clinical course in the practical application of dental hygiene techniques with supplemental discussions related to the clinical practice of the dental hygienist. Emphasis is placed on proper patient and operator positioning, the use of dental equipment, maintenance of an aseptic environment, patient assessment procedures, and instrumentation principles and techniques. Corequisite(s): DEN 105, 105L and 110
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (1,0,8)
DENTAL HYGIENE 100

## DEN 126 Periodontology

A basic understanding of the principles and concepts associated with periodontology, including a detailed study of the periodontal tissues in both health and disease. Special emphasis is placed on the role of the dental hygienist as a periodontal co-therapist in the development of skills necessary to provide initial non-surgical and supportive periodontal therapy within the framework of a comprehensive dental hygiene care plan. Spring. Prerequisite(s): DEN 105, 110, 115 and BIO 221 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 100

## DEN 201 Pain Management

This course is designed to provide an in depth study of anesthesia and pain control as it is used in Dentistry. The mechanism of actions of anesthetic agents as well as other methods of pain control will be studied, demonstrated, and practiced. This course has a co-requisite laboratory that allows students the opportunity to practice the administration of local anesthesia. Prerequisite(s): DEN 102, 105, 106, 120, 126, 220 and 225 all with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 203 Principles of Nutrition for Oral Health Professionals

This course is designed to educate the dental hygiene student in basic principles of nutrition, metabolism and digestion. There is an emphasis on the biochemical function of carbohydrates, protein, lipids, vitamins, and minerals as they relate to health and wellness, nutrition and disease, energy balance, eating disorders, and the oral manifestations of nutritional deficiency. Nutrition labeling, nutrition guidelines and dietary analysis of a client’s diet and review of pertinent nutrition literature is essential to the dental hygiene process of care and therefore, is an important component to the scope of this course’s requirements. Fall. Prerequisite(s): CHM 124 (or High School Chemistry/Lab)
• Level: 200
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 205 Oral Pathology

The study of the fundamentals of microscopic and gross pathology. Discussion of general pathologic processes with emphasis on pathology of the oral, dental, and periodontal tissues and their etiology and prevention. Fall. Prerequisite(s): DEN 220 and 225 and BIO 166 and BIO 221 with a Minimum Grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 207 Oral Radiology II

Laboratory activities and experiences are designed to provide students with further practice in developing skills with intra-oral radiographic techniques. In addition, students will learn supplemental techniques that are not limited to, but include occlusal, extra-oral, digital, panoramic and specialized patients. Interpretations of radiographs will be emphasized, with integration of the role radiographs play in the dental hygiene diagnosis and treatment planning. Fall. Prerequisite(s): DEN 106
• Level: 200
• Credits: 1 (0,2)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 212 Pharmacology

This course is designed to educate the dental hygiene student in the principles of pharmacology as they pertain to dentistry. In particular, the student will be taught the basics of organic compound structure, classification and nomenclature by the IUPAC system. The course will cover prescription writing, drug uptake, synthesis and elimination by the body, and the Krebs Cycle. Drugs studied will include, opioids, non-opioids, anti-infective agents, local and general anesthetics, anti-anxiety and psychotherapeutic agents, autonomic drugs, cardiovascular drugs, corticosteroids, hormones, histamines and fluoride. Students will learn how to think critically about a patient’s health history and how the patient’s medications may affect or be affected by dental office procedures. Prerequisite(s): DEN 220, 225 and CHM 124 (or High School Chemistry/Lab), BIO 166, 221 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 220 Preventive Oral Health Concepts II

This course is a continuation of the study of Dental Hygiene. This course includes a detailed study of such preventive dental hygiene techniques as fluorides, nutritional counseling, patient motivation and management, oral physiotherapy techniques. Also covered are discussions on dental hygiene care planning, dental biofilm, calculus, caries, dental products, desensitization, periodontal and restorative charting. A research paper on an aspect of preventive dentistry will be expected from each student. Spring Prerequisite(s): DEN 105, DEN 110, DEN 115, BIO 221 with a grade of C or higher Corequisite(s): DEN 225
• Level: 200
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 221 Community Oral Health I

This course is an introduction to the concepts and core principles of community oral health and provides the student with an orientation to the role of the dental hygienist as educator, resource person and consumer advocate in the field of dental public health. An introduction to epidemiology and research principles will promote a better understanding of scientific literature. In addition, the student will develop the skills necessary to assess various target populations and select educational strategies that will effectively provide culturally appropriate oral health education programs. Fall Prerequisite(s): DEN 110 and 115
• Level: 200
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 222 Community Oral Health II

This course is a continuation of the study of Community Oral Health I. Public health concepts, theories and their application at the federal, state and local levels will be explored. In addition, students will develop the skills necessary to complete a community oral health needs assessment. Participation in public health education projects is required. Spring Prerequisite(s): DEN 221W
• Level: 200
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 225 Clinical Dental Hygiene II

A continuation of the practical applications of dental hygiene techniques with supplemental lectures and discussions related to the clinical practice of the dental hygienist. Spring Prerequisite(s): DEN 105, DEN 110, DEN 115 and BIO 221 with a grade of C or higher Corequisite(s): DEN 220
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (1,0,8)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 230 Preventive Oral Health Concepts III

This course is a continuation of the development, assessment and evaluation of dental hygiene practice and knowledge through a variety of classroom techniques. Values' clarification, new advancements/technology, and current preventive methods will be discussed. Preventive oral health techniques and treatment care in association with special needs patients will be emphasized. It is intended that the student will utilize this information to assist him or her clinically to develop a patient specific protocol and comprehensive treatment plan for the child, adolescent, adult, geriatric and medically compromised patient. Fall Prerequisite(s): DEN 220, 225 and BIO 318 Corequisite(s): DEN 235
• Level: 200
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 235 Clinical Dental Hygiene III

A continuation of the development of and application of dental hygiene skills and knowledge through clinical practice in hospitals and clinics both on and off campus. Clinical participation with new innovations, and current preventive techniques in the practice of dental hygiene and application of the expanded roles of the dental hygienist will be emphasized. Fall Prerequisite(s): DEN 220, 225 and BIO 318 Corequisite(s): DEN 230
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (1,0,12)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 240 Dental Practice Management, Ethics and Jurisprudence

Through a variety of classroom techniques, the development assessment and evaluation of dental hygiene practice will be continued. Lectures and discussions will focus on current issues in dental hygiene including ethics, jurisprudence, dental law, practice management and alternative practice settings. Presentations will be held on resume writing and role playing for job interviewing. Spring Prerequisite(s): DEN 230, 235 Corequisite(s): DEN 245
• Level: 200
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 245 Clinical Dental Hygiene IV

A continuation of the development of and application of dental hygiene skills and knowledge through clinical practice in hospitals and clinics both on and off campus. Clinical participation with new innovations and current preventive techniques in the practice of dental hygiene and application of the expanded roles of the dental hygienist will be emphasized as well as dental practice management concepts. Spring Prerequisite(s): DEN 201, 230, 235 Corequisite(s): DEN 240
• Level: 200
• Credits: 5 (1,0,16)
DENTAL HYGIENE 200

## DEN 301W Current Issues in Dental Hygiene (Writing Intensive)

This course is designed to provide an overview of the current issues facing oral health care professionals as they approach the new millennium. The course will cover topics ranging from the changing role of the dental hygienist and the policies needed to support the American Dental Hygienists' Association's strategic goals, to information on trends in population demographics, self regulation/independent practice for the registered hygienist, along with government and managed care's alliance with political, economic, technological influences and its effect on the profession of dental hygiene. The course will also review the professional code of ethics and standards for dental hygienists along with gender as an issue. This is a writing intensive course. Fall Note: DEN 301W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Prerequisite(s): Associate degree in Dental Hygiene and EGL 101 with a C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 300

## DEN 302 Principles of Dental Anesthesia

This course is designed to provide an in depth study of anesthesia and pain management through the use of local anesthetic agents and the administration of nitrous oxide and oxygen sedation. The mechanism of actions of anesthetic agents as well as indications and contraindications for use, and the treatment of complications and emergencies are stressed. Other methods of pain control will be discussed through research and presentations. This course meets the New York State Education’s Department’s requirements for certification in the administration and monitoring of local infiltration anesthesia and nitrous oxide analgesia in the practice of dental hygiene. This course has a co-requisite laboratory that allows students the opportunity to practice efficient techniques of pain management through local anesthesia on clinical partners under the direct supervision of clinical faculty. Prerequisite(s): DEN 102, DEN 105, DEN 106, DEN 126, DEN 212, DEN 220, and DEN 225 with a grade of C or higher. Corequisite(s): DEN 302L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 2 (1,3)
DENTAL HYGIENE 300

## DEN 303 Practice Management for Quality Assurance

This course will involve students with concerns related to practice management. Emphasis will be placed on assuring quality care while focusing on the principles and concepts of a client-centered practice environment in our evolving health delivery system. Economics for the practice, office management, comprehensive care plans, and the use of new technology will be explored to support the practice goals. Fall Prerequisite(s): Associate Degree in Dental Hygiene
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
DENTAL HYGIENE 300

## DEN 309 Oral Epidemiology in Public Health

Oral epidemiology in public health will explore the distribution and determinants of oral health-related conditions such as dental caries, periodontal disease, and oral cancer in specified populations. An in depth view on the uses of epidemiology, as it relates to the health of the public, will enable the student to document oral health needs, evaluate existing oral health programs and interventions. Students will be introduced to the role of oral epidemiology in controlling oral health problems in the community. Fall. Prerequisite(s): Associate Degree in Dental Hygiene.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 300

## DEN 310 Teaching Strategies for Health Care Educators

The Principles of education, teaching, methodology, and instructional design utilized by health care educators in schools, community outreach, hospitals, other skilled nursing facilities, and/or higher education institutions are covered in this course. Topics include performance objectives, competencies, lesson planning, syllabi construction, analysis, and formative evaluation of instruction; traditional and non-traditional teaching methodologies; academic course development; current issues in dental health and dental hygiene education. Spring Prerequisite(s): DEN 220 or Associate Degree in Dental Hygiene.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 300

## DEN 322 Dental Public Health Planning

This course will provide the students with the concepts of dental public health. These principles include health literacy, oral epidemiology, and methods used to measure dental disease in a given population. Emphasis will be placed on the process of program assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation to design an intervention program to improve oral health in the community. Evidence-based prevention and research principles will be explored. In addition, students will be involved in statistical analyses that will prepare them to become patient advocates and resource persons in the dental public health setting. Prerequisite(s): DEN 310 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 300

## DEN 330 Essentials of Clinical Practice Theory

This course is designed to increase the knowledge of dental hygiene practice. It is a continuation of the development, and assessment of the dental hygiene process of care. This course combines the integration of theory with clinical experience in a variety of oral hygiene preventive and therapeutic procedures. New advancements in patient care as well as the introduction of new technology and current preventive methods will be analyzed and discussed. Students will apply the knowledge gained and utilize the information to develop patient specific protocols and comprehensive treatment plans in the provision of care for the child, adolescent, adult, geriatric and special needs patient. Prerequisite(s): DEN 220, DEN 225, BIO 221 with a grade of C or higher Corequisite(s): DEN 335
• Level: 300
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 300

## DEN 335 Essentials of Clinical Practice I

This clinical course is designed to build on the foundational knowledge of dental hygiene care. There is a concentration on the development of clinical skills through the application and delivery of oral health services. A case based approach is implemented, with emphasis on dental hygiene concepts, to foster critical thinking and problem solving abilities. Clinical experiences focus on advanced instrumentation techniques and innovative advancements that include diagnostic, therapeutic and treatment technologies. Prerequisite(s): DEN 126, DEN 220, DEN 225 and BIO 221 with a grade of C or higher. Corequisite(s): DEN 330
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (0,0,12)
DENTAL HYGIENE 300

## DEN 340 Dental Hygiene Law & Practice Management

This course will focus on the professional responsibility of dental hygienists. Emphasis will be placed on dental law, the professional code of ethics, core values, and standards. Situations focusing on integrity and ethical decision making will be highlighted. Additionally, topics ranging from non-traditional career paths, the changing role of the dental hygienist in alternative practice opportunities including self-regulation and independent practice will be reviewed. Relevant aspects of the political and economic influences of managed care and its impact on the profession of dental hygiene will be discussed. Prerequisite(s): DEN 302, DEN 330, DEN 335, and BIO 318 with a grade of C or higher. Corequisite(s): DEN 345
• Level: 300
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 300

## DEN 345 Essentials of Clin Practice II

This course is a continuation of the development and application of dental hygiene skills and knowledge through clinical practice in hospitals and clinics both on and off campus. Clinical participation with new innovations and current preventive techniques in the practice of dental hygiene and application of the expanded roles of the dental hygienist will be emphasized. Prerequisite(s): DEN 302, DEN 330, DEN 335 Corequisite(s): DEN 340
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (0,0,12)
DENTAL HYGIENE 300

## DEN 401W Health Science Research: Principles and Methods (Writing Intensive)

A profession seeking to enhance its professional stature strives for the continual development of a scientific body of knowledge fundamental to its practice. Dental hygiene research involves a systematic search for knowledge about issues of importance to the dental hygiene profession. This course is designed to develop skills in scientific research. Emphasis is placed on the research process which includes problem identification, hypothesis writing, research design data collection, and data analysis and data interpretation. This is a writing-intensive course. Fall Note: DEN 401W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Prerequisite(s): Associate Degree in Dental Hygiene and MTH 110 or EGL101 with a C or higher and DEN 220 and DEN 322
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 400

## DEN 402 Gerontology

Gerontology is the study of aging. This course is designed to promote an understanding of the social, psychological, and biological aspects of the aging process and the relationship to health. The course will examine current theories of aging, demographic profiles of the older adult population, and the increased incidence of oral health problems as we age. Close examination of the aging process will enable the student to gain insight into the fastest growing portion of our population and recognize the needs of the elderly and the concerns of the 77 million baby boomers coming of age. Spring Prerequisite(s): Associate Degree in Dental Hygiene or DEN 230 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 400

## DEN 406W Proposals and Grant Management for Health Programs (Writing Intensive)

This course will introduce the student to the fundamentals of proposal writing and researching grant funding sources. Students will demonstrate the preparation of supporting documentation of need, implementation, evaluation, and budgeting. The culminating project of the course will be assembling the segments of a program proposal or grant application into a final document that is worthy of submission. This is a writing-intensive course. Spring Note: DEN 406W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Prerequisite(s): Associate Degree in Dental Hygiene and EGL 101 with a C or higher and DEN 309 or DEN 322
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 400

## DEN 407 Dental Hygiene Practicum Seminar

This course is designed as a pre-requisite to DEN 409 Dental Hygiene Practicum. Students will have the opportunity to research and explore areas of special interest for their field placement practicum experience. Fall Prerequisite(s): Associate Degree in Dental Hygiene. Completion of at least 4 of the core DEN courses, or permission of the Department.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 400

## DEN 409 Dental Hygiene Practicum *AL

This course provides a foundational experience and will involve students in a 40-hour self-directed practicum that is multidimensional in its scope. The specialized areas of interest are expanded to include, but are not limited to, education, research, corporate/business, health care delivery systems, and specialized practice interests. Spring. Prerequisite(s): Associate Degree in Dental Hygiene and DEN 407, with a minimum grade of C or higher.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 400

## DEN 410 Dental Hygiene Study Abroad

Bachelor degree Dental Hygiene students are afforded the opportunity to expand their international perspective of the profession. The course explores the health care delivery system and practices of dental hygiene. Students will experience the role of the Dental Hygienist in various practice settings, develop a deeper understanding of the profession, participate in research investigations and explore areas of interest. Prerequisite(s): Associate Degree in Dental Hygiene, Permission of the Department.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (2,10)
DENTAL HYGIENE 400

## DEN 430 Senior Seminar I

This course will enable students to explore the role of the dental hygienist in a multidisciplinary setting while examining the principles of leadership and professional development. The course will provide information on leadership styles, qualities, traits, and virtues, mentoring, advocacy, self-reflection, and team approach healthcare. In addition, the students will identify their leadership strengths and behavioral profile. The course will encourage students to consider opportunities for professional development and team based collaborative healthcare relative to dental hygiene. Prerequisite(s): DEN 340 and DEN 345 with a grade of C or higher. Corequisite(s): DEN 435 Credit: 1
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 400

## DEN 435 Advanced Dental Hygiene Practice I

This course will provide students the opportunity to advance their instrumentation and patient management skills through the participation in a dental hygiene residency program at various health care settings. Additionally, this course will emphasize the treatment of the periodontally involved patient including assessment, treatment planning, implementation of care and maintenance. Students will apply the concepts of peer evaluation and interprofessional education to prepare them for the demands of treating the more complicated patient in today’s healthcare environment. Time management skills will be enhanced in order to prepare students for demanding patient schedules in the workplace. Prerequisite(s): DEN 302 and DEN 340 and DEN 345 with a grade of C or higher. Corequisite(s): DEN 430
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (0,0,9)
DENTAL HYGIENE 400

## DEN 440 Senior Seminar II

This course will allow students to master the concepts of dental hygiene production in a dental healthcare setting. Students will investigate alternative practice settings and the emerging roles of the dental hygienist. Additionally, students will examine the role of financial planning, maximizing resources and career management, in order to gain the necessary skills for a successful dental healthcare practice. Prerequisite(s): DEN 430 and DEN 435 with a grade of C or higher. Corequisite(s): DEN 445 Credit: 1
• Level: 400
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
DENTAL HYGIENE 400

## DEN 445 Advanced Dental Hygiene Practice II

This course is a continuation of Advanced Dental Hygiene Practice I. This capstone course will require students to present case studies utilizing advanced dental hygiene practice skills. Additionally, students will spend time in a healthcare facility dental hygiene residency program. Students will also provide care to patients in the Dental Hygiene Care Center at Gleeson Hall. Prerequisite(s): DEN 430 and DEN 435 with a grade of C or higher. Corequisite(s): DEN 440
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (0,0,9)
DENTAL HYGIENE 400

## ECO 110 Introduction to Personal Finance

Students will learn how to navigate the financial decisions they must face and how to make informed decisions related to budgeting, banking, credit, insurance, spending, taxes, saving, investing, inheritance, and living independently. The course will develop financial literacy skills, an understanding of economic principles, and will provide a basis for responsible citizenship and career success.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 100

## ECO 120 The Global Economy

This course provides an overview of current global economic issues. Basic economic concepts are introduced in order to explain differences in the level of development among countries, the direction of trade, the causes and effects of international financial crises, and the motivations of some countries to transition to a market economy. The course also discusses the way in which countries coordinate efforts to deal with matters of international concern such as pollution and global warming. Topics also include the role of international institutions including the World Bank, the international Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization, and the United Nations.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 100

## ECO 156 Principles of Economics (Macroeconomics)

This course is designed to introduce classic macroeconomic issues such as unemployment, inflation, national income and economic growth. The course will provide a unified framework to address these issues and to study the impact of different policies, such as monetary and fiscal policies, on the aggregate behavior of the economy. Analytical tools will be used to understand the experiences of the United States and other countries, and to address how current policy initiatives affect their macroeconomic performance.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 100

## ECO 157 Principles of Economics (Microeconomics)

This course introduces students to fundamental economic concepts and theory, including demand, supply, and the formation of equilibrium prices in product and resource markets. Students will learn a specific set of analytical tools as well as how to apply them to current policy issues. In addition, the course offers an introduction to applied fields such as industrial organization (market structures), labor economics, international trade, and market failure.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 100

## ECO 205 Introduction to Social Science Modeling

This course introduces students to the technique of social science modeling by learning and applying a variety of different models of individual and social behavior. It will use basic concepts in probability and simple economic models (including, but not limited to, supply and demand, two-person prisoners’ dilemma, and indifference curves) to understand issues such as competition, purchasing/investment decisions, risk-taking and risk-avoiding behavior, diversity, and collective action. This course is designed for all students interested in getting a deeper exposure to economics than is available at the 100 level, and economics majors preparing to take more advanced classes in economics. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 200

## ECO 250 Quantitative Analysis for Economics

This course introduces students to basic mathematical techniques used in economic analysis. It applies differential calculus and linear algebra to economic analysis. Topics include: functions, equations in economics, constrained optimization, partial differentiation, and linear algebra. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157 and (MTH 117 or MTH 129) Corequisite(s): MTH 117 or MTH 129 (to be taken before ECO 250 or simultaneously)
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 200

## ECO 255 Money and Banking

A description of American central banking, the structure and development of commercial banks and non-bank financial intermediaries, the nation's money and capital markets, bank regulation and supervision, monetary theory and its policy implications, and the operation of the system in international payments. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 200

## ECO 259 Contemporary Economic Issues and Problems

Explores and analyzes the problems and issues of inflation, unemployment, and the necessity of urban renewal, the growth of corporate conglomerates, and the social and political ramifications in the world's money markets, together with the reasons giving rise to these occurrences. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 200

## ECO 260 Intermediate Microeconomics

This course provides students with a critical examination and introduction to the analysis of markets, demand theory, production, theory of the firm, market structure, general equilibrium and welfare analysis, and introductory game theory. The course introduces students to introductory modeling and mathematical methods used in microeconomics to model and estimate demand relationships, production functions, market behavior, and risk and uncertainty. Prerequisite(s): ECO 157 and (MTH 117 or 129)
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 200

## ECO 262 Managerial Economics

This course introduces students to the use of economic methods for managerial decision-making. The focus of the course is on the practical application of economic techniques to business problems, including: the theory of the firm, demand estimation, production functions, cost estimation, market structure, pricing strategy, and game theory. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for ECO 260 Prerequisite(s): ECO 157 and (MTH 117 or 129)
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 200

## ECO 270 Intermediate Macroeconomics

Study of aggregate economic analysis. With attention to the determination of the level of income, employment, and inflation (IS-LM); Fiscal and monetary stabilization policies critically examines both theories, and the policies associate with them; the macroeconomic implications of fixed and flexible exchange rates in the presence of international capital mobility supply-sided economics. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 and (MTH 117 or MTH 129)
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 200

## ECO 303 Arts and Entertainment Economics

An analysis and in-depth study of the economics and economic impact of the arts and entertainment activities. Topics include arts demand and supply, live performing and cultural arts, profit and non-profit entertainment industries, music and film industry (recorded arts) arts venues, museums, and performing arts centers and economic models of nonprofit cultural organizations. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 and ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 304 Sports Economics

An analysis and in-depth study of the economics and economic impact of professional and amateur sports. Topics include team and league structures, labor relations, stadium financing, consumer demand for sports, and the role and impact of public and private subsidies. The student should be able to: identify and explain the economic principles and problems associated with sports team ownership, stadium economics, as well as the impact and effects of radio and television broadcast rights on sports economics. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 305 Real Estate Economics &Finance

This course is designed to provide students with an introduction to the analysis of investment in real estate markets and to real estate finance. The class will consider both housing and mortgage markets, as well as public policies that affect these markets. An important segment of the course will be training in the analysis of mortgage instruments used to finance investments in real estate. This will include calculating payment streams for different types of mortgages, consideration of different types of mortgage contracts that shift interest rate and default risk between lenders and borrowers, and the role of the secondary market for mortgage securities. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 156 or ECO 157) and (MTH 110 or MTH 117 or MTH 129 or ECO 250)
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 306 Cannabis Eco:Mkts and Policy

This course provides students with a systematic introduction to economic concepts and issues as they relate to the cannabis industry. Students will investigate the microeconomic and macroeconomic forces influencing the decisions of buyers and sellers in cannabis markets throughout the supply chain from grower to consumer, and students will evaluate cannabis policy along the dimensions of efficiency, equality, and other criteria. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157 or enrollment status in Cannabis production and management certificate program
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 310 Health Economics and Policy

The aim of this course is to introduce students to the application of economic thinking to the analysis of health policy and health systems. Specifically, we will survey the organization, financing and delivery of health services, the economic evaluation of alternative methods of providing health care, priority setting and resource allocation and the health behaviors of individuals. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157 and junior level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 312 Economics of Non-Profit Organizations

This course provides an overview of the regulatory and legal constraints that nonprofit organizations face in the global economy. Students will analyze the strategies nonprofits use in adapting to fluctuating economic and political circumstances. The course will focus on the development of national, international, and transnational nonprofit organizations and the challenges embedded in the regions and industries in which they operate. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157 and junior level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 315 The Government and the Economy

The course provides an overview of the role and organization of the government in the economy, with specific applications to the United States and other countries around the world. The course discusses the conditions under which government intervention in the economy is desirable, and covers both the tax revenue side and the expenditure side of the government budget. Specific topics include externalities, public goods, redistributive tax and expenditure policies, and the assignment of responsibilities among different levels of government. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 156 or ECO 157) and Junior Level Status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 320 Internet and Network Economics

A study of the economic structure and growth of the modern economy focusing on the effect and impact of emerging technologies on industry, employment, financial markets and market structure. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 321 Engineering Economics

This course will provide students with a basic understanding of the economic aspects of engineering in terms of the evaluation of engineering proposals with respect to their worth and cost. Topics include: introduction to Engineering Economics; interest and interest formulas; equivalence and equivalence calculations; evaluation of replacement alternatives and operational activities; basic fundamentals of cost accounting. Prerequisite(s): Admission to a Tech Program or approval of this Department chair.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 330 Modern Economic Thought

The purpose of this course is to study the most important economic theories of the recent past in order to gain a better understanding, not only of these earlier economic theories, but also of the nature of economic theory in general and of the strengths and weaknesses of modern micro and macro-economics and policymaking. We will study the major schools of Modern Economic Thought -Neo-Classical, Austrian, Keynesian, Monetarist, etc. We will examine these theories to trace the long term thought on economic problems like value theory, money and inflation, free trade, macro- economics stability, etc. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 and ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 340 International Trade

First of a two semester offering to provide a comprehensive exposition of the theory and principles of international trade, the importance of international trade in interdependent economics, and a knowledge of international trade institutions and how they relate to U.S. commercial policy. The material will employ an analytical as well as historical and institutional approach. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 341 International Finance

Second half of a two semester offering to provide theoretical and practical knowledge of international finance, its relationships to financial markets, and the international monetary system as it relates to the U.S. economy. The course work will focus on balance of payments, foreign exchange markets and the international monetary system. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 342 Financial Economics

This course introduces students to the basic mathematical models, techniques and forms of analysis used in financial economic analysis. Topics covered include uncertainty and financial decision-making, mean-variance model of portfolio selection, Black-Scholes option pricing formula, utility functions, computational techniques and stochastic volatility. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 350 Economics of Global Disasters

This course focuses on the inter-relationship between natural and manmade hazards and disasters and the economy. Disasters within the economic and sociology literature arise when an event impacts the physical, social and economic infrastructure beyond its normal absorptive capacity. Topics covered and examined include natural hazards and their effects on regional development, manmade disasters, methods of hazard analysis, impact estimation techniques, and disaster planning and mitigation, public policy and issues. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 and ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 358 Economics of Labor

Economics of Labor explores how individuals enhance their economic well-being through their work behavior and examines the role of labor markets in explaining disparities of wealth. Topics include the static labor market and its internal structure, the composition of the labor force, the nature of a job search, the life cycle human capital model, determination and classification of wages and wage structure, the American labor movement and the role of labor unions. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 360 Introduction to Experimental Economics

This course will introduce students to the intersection of two research programs: behavioral economics and analytic game theory. Students will leave this class able to make predictions using game theory and will understand how bounded rationality affects those predictions. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 365 R for Economics

This class introduces students to the R statistical programming language with an emphasis on using this powerful system to deal with economic and business data. This class is intended for students with little to no programming background. Over the semester students will learn to import data, clean and transform raw data, visualize data, run simple models and finally apply these tools to conduct their own project. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 372 Eco of Games & Strat w Bus App

This course is an overview of strategic interaction presented in the context of game theory. The course will prepare students for analyzing and solving problems where the outcome of an interaction depends directly on the decisions of all the individuals involved. After developing the analytical tools required to understand strategic interactions, students will apply these tools to problems in business management related to marketing, managerial decision-making, business law, pricing strategy, and the dynamics of competition. Prerequisite(s): ECO 157 and (MTH 116 or MTH 117 or MTH 129 or ECO 250) and junior level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 380 Econometrics

Students will learn and apply statistical methods used in empirical economic analysis. The course will cover the following topics: the fundamentals of probability and statistics, hypothesis testing, multivariate linear regression using Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), the statistical properties of OLS under less than ideal circumstances, the use of dummy variables, and specification analysis. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110 and (MTH 117 or MTH 129) and (ECO 156 or ECO 157) and Junior level status.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 390 Special Topics in Economics

This course enables students to explore a range of diverse topical and current issues in economics and will require extensive readings, analysis, and written work. Students should consult with the department prior to registering for this course. Prerequisite(s): ECO 156 or ECO 157
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 300

## ECO 401 Industrial Organization

This course teaches students how to apply industrial organization theory to data. The course will cover strategic models of firm competition and analyze industrial policy issues. Students will gain a deeper understanding of the microeconomic and game theoretic frameworks necessary to study simplified models in industrial organization. Students will analyze topics including monopoly, oligopoly, cartels and collusion, market structure, price discrimination, product differentiation, technological change, advertising, and auction mechanisms. Prerequisite(s): ECO 250 and (ECO 260 or ECO 262) and Senior Level status
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 410 Public Finance

This course introduces students to the issues, interactions and inter-relationships arising between the market and government policy-making. Topics covered include: tools of public finance, budget analysis, externalities, political economy, cost-benefit analysis, taxation and policy, social insurance, income distribution and welfare. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 260 or ECO 262) and (ECO 255 or ECO 270)
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 412 Cost-Benefit Analysis

This course will focus on the principles of applied economic and welfare analysis. The basic theory of cost-benefit analysis is presented and its relevance for social policy analysis is established. Applications of cost-benefit analysis are examined in the light of management decision making, theoretical grounding in finance, accounting, marketing, investment and planning. The applications of cost-benefit analysis in the health care, non-profit, entertainment, transportation and information technology sectors are also examined. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 260 or 262) and (ECO 255 or 270)
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 420 Economics of Science and Technology

This course is an examination of technology based growth and development both in historical and current contexts. Topics include technology-based economic development, the role of human capital, technology transfer, intellectual property rights and patents, and network economics. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 260 or ECO 262) and (ECO 255 or ECO 270)
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 430 Urban and Regional Economics

This course will focus on the economics of cities and regions as well as the challenges faced by economic agents in urban areas. Students will gain an understanding of the economic forces that lead to the development of cities and their cohesion within regional economies. The course will enrich the typical spaceless economic analysis by introducing a spatial dimension. Students will focus on analyzing and prescribing policy to address the challenges of crime, transportation, firm location, housing, education, and local government in the local and regional economies. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 260 or 262) and (ECO 255 or 270)
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 435 Environmental Economics and Policy

This course provides a survey of the fundamental concepts underlying economic approaches to environmental policy, illustrates applications of these concepts in the real world and offers students the opportunity to apply their new knowledge toward understanding a current environmental problem. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 260 or ECO 262) and (ECO 255 or ECO 270)
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 440 Topics in Applied Economics

A treatment of diverse topics chosen by the department for their importance in current economics. The course will require extensive reading, analysis and written work depending on the topic. Students should check with the department before registering for this course regarding anticipated topics for the semester. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 260 or ECO 262) and (ECO 255 or ECO 270)
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 441 Economics of Gender

In this class economics theory and analysis will be used to address questions on gender differences in education, career choices, household decisions, and earnings. Models of labor supply and demand, allocation of resources within household, human capital, earning equation, and discrimination will be introduced and data will be examined to test these economic theories. Gender-related policy issues and applications will also be discussed. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 260 or ECO 262) and (ECO 255 or ECO 270)
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 450 International Development Economics

This course will introduce some of the fundamental questions and issues surrounding the development process including topics such as: economic structure, economic growth models dual sector models, export led growth, as well as a range of applied and historical examples including an overview of African, Asian, and Latin American development experiences, and current issues in economic development. Prerequisite(s): ECO 255, ECO 260, ECO 262 or ECO 270
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 480 Forecasting

This course the methodology and applications of econometric forecasting and time series analysis. Topics include linear regression model, stationarity, modeling seasonality, arima models, and volatility. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 380 and 260) or (ECO 262 and 255 or ECO 270)
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 489 Economic Internship

Advanced third and fourth year applied economics students will be placed in a public or private sector setting in which the student will be able to gain work experience in applied economics analysis. A written report on the internship experience is required of the student at the conclusion of the internship. Students may not repeat this course for credit. Prerequisite(s): (ECO 262 and ECO 260) or (ECO 250) and (255 or ECO 270)
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 to 12 (1,0,6 to 33)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 490W Economic Research and Reporting (Writing Intensive)

This course introduces students to the methods and techniques of economic analysis, data and statistical analysis, interpretation of results, documentation, article preparation, and the report presentation. This is a writing-intensive course. Note: Students cannot get credit for ECO 490 and 490W; ECO 490W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the Economics Department Prerequisite(s): ECO 260 or ECO 262 and (ECO 270 or ECO 255) and ECO 250 and ECO 380 and EGL 101 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## ECO 491 Applied Economic Analysis

This course is a follow-up to the economic research and reporting course. Its goal is to prepare the student to conduct independent research in consultation with their advisor, students will develop a senior project in an area of current economic interest. They will participate in seminar and present their research, culminating in a completed report and presentation on their research topic. Prerequisite(s): ECO 490 or 490W
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ECONOMICS 400

## EET 104 DC/AC Circuits

An introductory course to the fundamentals and basic principles of DC and AC circuits. Topics covered include: The definition of current, voltage and passive circuit elements such as, resistors, capacitors, and inductors, through their I-V characteristic relationships. Ohm's Law Power, Kirchoff's Current and Voltage Laws, Voltage and Current Divider Rules, and their basic applications in the analysis of series, parallel and series-parallel circuits. The fundamental Network Theorems, Superposition, Thevenin's and Norton's equivalent circuits and Maximum Power Transfer. AS signal waveforms and their Average and RMS value, alternating current, voltage and power resistors, capacitors and inductors in AC circuits, ideal transformers and the concept of resonance. Introduction to the operation and basic applications of first order passive, low and high pass, RC filters. Corequisite(s): MTH 129, EET 104L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,2)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 100

## EET 105 Introduction to Digital Electronics

An introduction to the fundamental concepts of Digital Electronics. Topics covered: Number systems, Boolean Algebra, Logic Gates, Combinational Circuits, Karnaugh Map Minimization Techniques, Adders, Signed Numbers, Multiplexers, Code-Converters, Decoders, Encoders, Comparators and 7-segment displays. The laboratory component of the course reinforces the topics covered in the theory through relevant experiments performed by students using logic trainers. Corequisite(s): EET 111 or EET 104
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (1,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 100

## EET 110 Computer Applications

An introduction to computer programming with applications. Examples and assignments are drawn from problems in Electrical and Computer Engineering Technology. The course uses Windows based PCs, the "C/C++" programming language (visual C++), and IEEE-488 Standard interfacing to programmable instrumentation. Corequisite: EET 111
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 100

## EET 111 Electric Circuits I

A basic course in direct current circuit theory. Concepts of charge, current and voltage; Ohm's Law, Kirchoff's Laws; analysis of series, parallel, and combination circuits; mesh and nodal analysis; Superposition, Thevenin's and Norton's theorems; maximum power transfer theorem; electric fields and capacitance; magnetic fields and inductance; analysis of R-C and R-L switching networks. The laboratory is coordinated with, and supports, the theory course. Corequisite(s): MTH 129, EET 111L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,2,1)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 100

## EET 113 Electric Circuits II

This is the second of a two-course sequence designed to provide the background needed to analyze electric networks. Topics covered in this course include sinusoidal waveforms and non-sinusoidal waveforms; the phasor representation of sinusoidal signals; the use of complex numbers to analyze R-C, R-L, and R-L-C networks under sinusoidal steady-state conditions; series and parallel resonance; average power calculations; simple passive filters, frequency response (dB magnitude and phase) and its relations to the step response of simple R-C, R-L and R-L-C networks; transformer principles and types of transformers; three phase balance systems. Prerequisite(s): EET 111 and MTH 129
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,2,1)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 100

## EET 118 Semiconductor Devices and Circuits

Fundamentals of semiconductor diodes and bipolar junction transistors are discussed in this course. Topics covered include: Q point operating conditions of semiconductor diodes in various circuit configurations, full and half-wave rectification, capacitor input filters, zener diodes and basic linear DC power supply configurations. Q point operating conditions of BJT transistors in various bias configurations are analyzed as well as small signal single-stage and multi-stage amplifiers at mid-band frequencies in terms of voltage gain, current gain, power gain, input impedance, output impedance, AC load lines and signal node voltages. Corequisite(s): EET 113
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 100

## EET 191 Electric Circuits Concepts and Components

An introductory lecture/demonstration course in the terminology, concepts, and components of electric circuits. The aim is to give students from other disciplines (e.g. Office Management, Nursing, etc.) sufficient knowledge and understanding to effectively communicate with technical specialists in this field. Prerequisite(s): Sequential (Integrated) Math 1
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (4,0)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 100

## EET 200 Electronic Devices & Circuits

Principles and characteristics of semiconductor devices and linear integrated circuits are discussed. Devices studied include: semiconductor diodes, zener diodes, bipolar junction transistors, photodiodes and transistors, field- effect and metal oxide semiconductor transistors, thryristors , and operational amplifiers in various DC power supply, small signal and power amplifier configurations as well as wave shaping circuits. Simulation software will be used throughout the course in both theory and laboratory exercises. Prerequisite(s): EET 104
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 200

## EET 223 Digital Electronics

Analysis and design of combinational and sequential logic circuits. SSI and MSI circuits; flip-flops, counters, and shift registers; integrated circuit families; multiplexers; semiconductor memory devices; D/A and A/D converters. The associated laboratory reinforces the topics covered in the theory through relevant experiments performed by the student. A formal report is part of the laboratory requirement. Prerequisite(s): EET 105 Corequisite(s): EET 223L, 118
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,2)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 200

## EET 224 Amplifiers

Signal parameters of Class A and Class B power amplifiers as well as operational amplifiers are studied in this course. Topics covered include, efficiency, dB, dBm, heat sinks, JFET and MOSFET transistors, operational amplifiers, and the frequency response of amplifier circuits. In addition, operational amplifier characteristics and models are used in the analysis of open loop and closed loop amplifiers. Adders, subtractors, active filters, comparators, differentiators, integrators, and the Schmitt trigger are also studied. Feedback concepts and the effect of feedback on gain, impedance and frequency response of amplifiers are studied as well as circuit stability, gain, and phase margins. Simulation software is used in the analysis of operating conditions and frequency response of amplifiers. Formal Report writing is part of the Laboratory requirement. Prerequisite(s): EET 118 Corequisite(s): EET 110, MTH 130
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 200

## EET 225 Communications Electronics

An introduction to communication signals and circuits. Topics include: filters, simple audio and RF oscillators, interpretation and application of Fourier series; mathematics of amplitude; frequency and phase modulation; basic transmitter circuitry; superheterodyne receivers for various modulation methods; multiplexing techniques including FM stereo multiplexing. Introduction to Digital Transmission Techniques as time permits. Prerequisite(s): EET 224
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 200

## EET 251 Microprocessors

Fundamental microprocessor and microcontroller concepts; architecture, memory, memory interfacing, programming, signals, timing, delay calculations, I/O interfacing and interrupts. The students will be required to interface input and output devices to the embedded controller and quantify associated hardware/software trade-offs. Laboratory work requires programming in assembly language and in C/C++. Prerequisite(s): EET 223
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 200

## EET 311 Network Analysis

A calculus based network analysis course that introduces the use of Laplace transforms in the analysis of both active and passive lumped parameter time-invariant linear networks. Topics covered include Mesh and Nodal analysis using matrix formulations; the network theorems; impedance and the modeling of initial conditions; first and second order systems; transfer functions; poles and zeros; impulse and step response; forced and natural response as well as system stability and time domain response. The sinusoidal steady state (AC) phasor transformation and its relation to the Laplace transform and the frequency response of networks are also included. The laboratory utilizes simulation of electric networks. Corequisite(s): MTH 236, EET 311L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 300

## EET 316 Digital Design

Introduction to Digital Design using FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Arrays) and VHDL (Hardware Description Languages). The FPGA circuits are designed using Schematic Capture as well as VHDL. The target chips are Xilinx FPGAs and Xilinx tools are used to simulate and to "place and route" the design. Designs are then tested using FPGA based platforms. Prerequisite(s): EET 223
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 300

## EET 317 Industrial Electronics

Selected topics involving Difference and Instrumentation amplifiers with Transducer Bridge applications. Linear and Switching mode regulated power supply operation with analysis and design techniques using existing industrial ICs Thyristor characteristics with SCR, DIAC and TRIAC applications in power control circuits. Theory concepts are illustrated in the laboratory. Formal report writing is part of the laboratory requirement. Prerequisite(s): EET 224
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 300

## EET 327 Signal Processing

The course will provide the students with an introduction to continuous-time and discrete-time signals and systems. Topics to be covered include: Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) systems, Laplace transforms, transfer function, impulse and step response, transient and steady state responses, frequency response, Bode plots, passive and active filters, modulation, oscillators. Fourier series and Fourier transforms, power spectral density and Parseval’s theorem. Random signals and noise. Signal-to-noise ratio. Discrete-time signals. Sampling, filtering, convolution, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT), Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) algorithms, and the z-transform. The use of MATLAB is integrated throughout the course in laboratory exercises, demonstrations and student projects. Prerequisite(s): EET 311
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 300

## EET 414 Transmission Lines and Antennas

Introduction to transmission lines. Transient response for conditions of matched and mismatched impedance. Definition of reflection and transmission coefficients. Sinusoidal signals, standing wave ratio and use of the Smith chart. Power measurement. Introduction to antennas. Radiation pattern and impedance of simple dipole antennas. Formal laboratory report writing required. Prerequisite(s): EET 225
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 418 Microprocessor Interfacing and Control

This course covers an in-depth study of microprocessor systems by exploring the internal functions of a computer. Hardware and software capabilities are studied in order to build a foundation for the design and interfacing of microprocessor based systems using real world examples. Assembly as well as a high level language such as "C++" is used in various programming projects and in interfacing devices. Prerequisite(s): EET 110 and EET 251
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 420 Linear Systems and Controls

This course covers the principles and characteristics of continuous time invariant linear systems and controls as well as the basic performance parameters and analysis techniques of such systems. Topics include: Review of Laplace Transforms and their applications in analyzing the performance of systems in terms of their impulse and step response; block diagram models, signal flow graphs, and state variable representation of systems; second order active filters and the performance characteristics of second order systems in terms of overshoot, speed and setting time. Feedback Control System characteristics, the Routh-Hurwitz stability criteria, and the application of Root Locus and Frequency Response techniques in the analysis of control systems are also covered. The laboratory utilizes MATLAB to demonstrate and enhance the theory principles covered in the lecture portion of the course. Prerequisite(s): EET 311 Corequisite(s): MTH 245
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 426 Digital Communications

An introduction to digital communications systems. Topics covered include; the sampling theorem; PCM systems; synchronization techniques; noise analysis and reduction; FSK; PSK; bit error rates; hamming codes; and an introduction to fiber optic systems. Prerequisite(s): EET 225
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 440 Data Communications and Networking

This course covers the basic concepts of networking and computer connectivity. Several network topologies and related media access techniques are explored. The rudiments of Data Communications and Open System Interconnection (OSI) are discussed in detail. Students will learn the components of a client server networks using the Novell's Net Ware/ Intra Net Ware. Certain protocols such as TCP/IP and SPX/IPX are also discussed. Laboratory experiments are designed to give students a hands on experience in Network administration, configuration and resource management. Completion of this course includes a final project related to the design of a local area network, complete with Layers I and II, as well as the Directory Tree Structure based on the netware. An oral presentation by each student of their project is required. Prerequisite(s): Knowledge of digital electronics; familiarity with a real time operating system; ability to program in a high level language. Chair approval.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 441 Advanced Networking

This course is a continuation of EET 440, Networking and Data Communications. The principles of Architecture Layering, Multiplexing and Encapsulation are discussed. TCP/IP, IPX, PPP, ISDN and Frame Relay Protocols are covered. Network equipment such as repeaters, bridges router hubs and switches are studied in detail. Equipment examples are drawn from key vendors such as CISCO, 3COM and Cabletron. The laboratory portion of the course will concentrate on experiments and projects designed using CISCO Systems networking equipment, such as 2500 and 2600 series routers, 1900 and 2900 catalysts switches. The students will also learn how to design networks using VLANS on the above mentioned equipment. Prerequisite(s): EET 440
• Level: 400
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 450 Design Concepts

General design considerations and concepts with particular emphasis in "worst case" design and "optimum" design. Case studies will be provided through examples of different areas of Electrical Engineering Technology. Product development procedures and processes will be presented along with testing and costing considerations. By the end of this course students must select their senior design project for EET 452W and must submit an appropriate proposal. Prerequisite(s): Completion of junior level EET courses or Department permission.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 452W Design Project (Writing Intensive)

The student's overall technical knowledge is applied to this "capstone" design project under the supervision of faculty. A complete oral and written presentation is required of each student explaining the design process and specifications, cost considerations, testing and/or computer simulation results when appropriate. Note: Students will be expected to write short exercises, as well as longer papers that will be revised and graded. This is a writing-intensive course. Note: EET 452W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Prerequisite(s): EET 450 and EGL 101 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 2 (1,2)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 490 Selected Topics in Electrical Engineering Technology

Courses that range from 490-499 are selected topics of current interest in Computer and/or Electrical Engineering Technology. Prerequisite(s): Contingent upon selected topic
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 491 Selected Topics in Electrical Engineering Technology

Courses that range from 490-499 are selected topics of current interest in Computer and/or Electrical Engineering Technology. Prerequisite(s): Contingent upon selected topic
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 492 Selected Topics in Electrical Engineering Technology

Courses that range from 490-499 are selected topics of current interest in Computer and/or Electrical Engineering Technology. Prerequisite(s): Contingent upon selected topic
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (2,3)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EET 493 Selected Topics in Electrical Engineering Technology

Courses that range from 490-499 are selected topics of current interest in Computer and/or Electrical Engineering Technology. Prerequisite(s): Contingent upon selected topic
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY 400

## EGL 097 Basic Writing Skills

A developmental course concerned with the improvement of written communication skills. Students review grammar and mechanics, syntax, vocabulary, paragraph and essay organization, and reading skills. Students are required to pass an exit exam, and a pass/repeat grade is awarded for the course. This course is not applicable toward a degree. Fall, Spring, Pass/Repeat Grade will not be computed into GPA.
• Level: 000
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 000

## EGL 101 Composition I: College Writing

This is the first part of a required sequence in college essay writing. Students learn to view writing as a process that involves generating ideas, formulating and developing a thesis, structuring paragraphs and essays, as well as revising and editing drafts. The focus is on the development of critical and analytical thinking. Students also learn the correct and ethical use of print and electronic sources. At least one research paper is required. A grade of C or higher is a graduation requirement. Note: Students passing a departmental diagnostic exam given on the first day of class will remain in EGL 101; all others will be placed in EGL 097. Prerequisite is any of the following: successful completion of EGL 097; an SAT essay score (taken prior to March 1, 2016) of 7 or higher; an SAT essay score (taken after March 1, 2016) of 5 or higher; on-campus placement testing.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 100

## EGL 102 Composition II: Writing About Literature

This is the second part of the required introductory English composition sequence. This course builds on writing skills developed in EGL 101, specifically the ability to write analytical and persuasive essays and to use research materials correctly and effectively. Students read selections from different literary genres (poetry, drama, and narrative fiction). Selections from the literature provide the basis for analytical and critical essays that explore the ways writers use works of the imagination to explore human experience. Grade of C or higher is a graduation requirement. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 100

## EGL 102 EGL 102H Composition II: Writing Honors

This is the second part of the required introductory English composition sequence. This course builds on writing skills developed in EGL 101, specifically the ability to write analytical and persuasive essays and to use research materials correctly and effectively. Students read selections from different literary genres (poetry, drama, and narrative fiction). Selections from the literature provide the basis for analytical and critical essays that explore the ways writers use works of the imagination to explore the human experience. This course is restricted to students in the Honors Program. Students who have taken EGL 102 cannot get credit for EGL 102 Honors. Prerequisites: EGL 101 with a grade of C or better
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 100

## EGL 200 Shakespeare

A survey of representative comedies, tragedies, romances, and histories showing Shakespeare's dramatic variety. Acting styles are emphasized with the use of recordings, tapes and, when possible, live performances. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 201 English Literature: Old English through the 18th Century

A historical survey of English literature from the beginnings to neoclassicism. Consideration is given to Anglo-Saxon and medieval writers, Chaucer, Elizabethan and Jacobean writers, Shakespeare, Milton, and the writers of the Age of Reason. English history, religion, and philosophy are studied as they relate to literature. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 202 English Literature: 19th Century to the Present

An historical survey of Romantic, Victorian and Modernist literature. Emphasis is placed on the development and continuity of literary traditions. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 203 American Literature: Beginnings to 1865

An examination of major historical and new canonical American authors; genres, and periods of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and part of the nineteenth centuries up to the Civil War. An analysis of the works of writers of the New Republic, the Revolutionary and Federalist periods of the eighteenth century, as well as the emerging national literatures of indigenous and colonizing groups; the ages of Transcendentalism, American Gothic, early Realism as well as the works of Native American, Feminist, African-American, Abolitionist, Frontier and Civil War writers will be considered. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 204 American Literature: 1865 to the Present

An examination of major historical and new canonical American authors, genres and periods of the era from the Civil War through the twenty-first century. An analysis of such trends as Realism, Naturalism, immigrant literature, the regional and local color movements, as well as the rise of biographical genres, and the influence of psychology and technology on literature will be made. Modernism, the renaissance in American poetry, the Harlem Renaissance, and the literature of social critique will also be examined. Note: Students cannot get credit for EGL 204 and 204W; EGL 204W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the English Department Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 206 World Literature: Early Classics

An introduction to Western and non-Western literature from earliest times through the seventeenth century. Included are works from ancient Greece and Rome, Medieval and Renaissance Europe, the Middle East, Africa, China, and India. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 207 World Literature: The Moderns

An introduction to Western and non-Western literature from the eighteenth century through the twentieth century. Included are works from authors of the Enlightenment, the Romantic and Realist Movements, and the twentieth century from the Continent and the Third World. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 210 Introduction to Drama

A survey of Western drama stressing close reading of plays from ancient Greece, Elizabethan and Restoration England, nineteenth-century Scandinavia and Russia, and twentieth-century Britain and America. The changing concepts of comedy and tragedy are discussed. Note: Students cannot get credit for EGL 210 and 210W; EGL 210W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the English Department Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 212 Introduction to Fiction

A survey of American, British, and continental prose fiction. An understanding of the critical theory of such works is stressed. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 214 Introduction to Poetry

A survey of English language poetry. Selected works of both traditional and contemporary poets are analyzed and discussed. Note: Students cannot get credit for EGL 214 and 214W; EGL 214W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the English Department Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 216 Creative Writing

An introduction to a wide spectrum of written formats, especially those employed by writers of fiction and poetry. Students read in these genres and submit a short written piece, in either genre, for each class. In addition, students complete a major project in their chosen area. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 222 Women in Literature

An exploration of the position of women in various cultures as interpreted by major world writers. Focus is on the female protagonist's attainment of goals in marriage, family, and work. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 225 Images of Women in Drama

A study of images of women in Western drama from ancient times to the present. This course will consider the development of drama as a popular art form reflecting gender issues of its time. NOTE: Students cannot earn credit for EGL 225 and 225W EGL 225W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 226 Journalism

An introduction to practical journalism in which students write news and feature stories, editorials, and reviews, and examine techniques of newspaper design and photography. Classes include readings and discussions in the theory of mass communications. Student materials may be printed in campus publications. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 228 Classics and Mythology in Popular Culture

This course presents a cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary examination of the meaning and value of such myths as those of the creation, the flood, and the hero, and their depiction in literature, art, film, and music from the ancient past to the present. Students will acquire an understanding of the uses of mythical themes and archetypes both in ancient art and literature as well as in modern art, literature, and film. Course work includes assigned readings, film screenings, informal journals, a formal paper and exams. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 230 Literature of the Bible

A study of the origins, themes, and history of Biblical literature based on the new international version of the Bible. Later literature and other arts influenced by the Bible are included. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 232 Voices of Multicultural America

A study of selected fiction, poetry, autobiography and memoirs of American immigrants of the 20th and 21st centuries. The thematic focus of this course is the way in which writers from different cultures shape the stories of their lives, particularly as they encounter the realities of American experience and test the truth of their American dreams. Lecture and discussion of individual writers will address the different genres and styles used by these immigrant writers as well as thematic parallels and differences between writers from different cultural backgrounds. Readings may vary each semester but will reflect the cultural diversity of American immigrant writing, including writing by Caribbean writers, Asian-Americans, Latino Americanos, Jewish, Italian, Irish, and other Eastern European immigrants. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 235 Caribbean Literature

This course examines the literature of the Caribbean region. Artistic works including primarily novel and poetry will be emphasized as will theoretical writings that consider cultural production in the context of transnational migrations, colonization and decolonization, globalization, the African diaspora, the trans-Atlantic slave trade, and intersections of race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and class. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 240 Themes in Science Fiction in Film and Literature

An exploration of how writers of science fiction have used science and technology to examine moral questions, social issues and the boundaries of technology. Readings of selected authors will focus on the ways creative writers have explored various aspects of the genre, including scientific experimentation, alternate time/space continuum, weaponry, psychic phenomena, cyberspace, bionics, alien life and the future. The class will also view cinematic adaptations of the selected works to examine whether/how the change of medium affects the emphasis and impact of the work and how visualization and special effects affect the audience's perception. Course work includes assigned readings, film screenings, informal journals, and formal papers. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 242 Film and Literature

Students will read selected short fiction and novels by English, American and other writers and view the films that have been made from them by prominent directors. The course will develop students' understanding and appreciation of both literature and film. Students will examine how great writers elicit the complex response they do from their readers, and then explore the ways that film provides an interpretation of literature. Analysis and discussion will center on how the visual media shapes literature as various directors adapt texts for the screen. The ability to interpret the texts and films appreciatively and critically will be assessed through a series of class projects and examinations. Note: Students cannot get credit for EGL 242 and 242W; EGL 242W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the English Department Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 244 Classics of Supernatural Film and Literature

This course engages students in the principle forms of artistic expression integral to classic works of supernatural literature and their cinematic adaptations. Students will acquire an understanding of the creative process inherent in these works, an understanding of the literary and cinematic conventions of the genre and will also develop a critical vocabulary that will allow them to discuss and to evaluate these works and others in depth. Cinematic adaptations of these works in particular follow the evolution of the cinema itself; thus students in this course will also gain a critical understanding of its aesthetic and technological development. This course will also focus on film composition, including the shots, angles, iconography and editing typical of this genre. Course work includes assigned readings, informal and formal papers requiring primary and secondary research, critical analysis of required screenings, and exams. Students will be required to attend and to complete critical analyses of campus and off-campus theatrical screenings as they are scheduled. Note: Students cannot get credit for EGL 244 and 244W; EGL 244W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the English Department Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 246 Themes in Literature

This course will enable students to explore a major literary theme. The theme may vary in different semesters or in different sections of the course during a single semester. Themes may include nature writings, literature of the Holocaust, literature of the American West, and Long Island in fiction, among others. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 250 Young Adult Literature

Students will trace the historical and psychological development of the concept of “adolescence” by studying the canonical literature for young adults that shaped cultural ideas of adolescence. Students will read a wide representation of classic 20th century Young Adult authors, including Judy Blume, Robert Cormier, Chris Crutcher, Paula Danziger, S.E. Hinton, Harper Lee, Lois Lowry, Patricia MacLachlan, Walter Dean Meyers, Gary Paulsen, Cynthia Voigt, and Paul Zindel. The class focuses on the literary analysis of different Young Adult genres: dystopia, fantasy, historical fiction, realism, nonfiction, photojournalism, and graphic novels. Class is conducted through the innovative method of reading circles, and so requires active student participation. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 255 Children’s Literature

Students will trace the historical and psychological development of the concept of childhood by studying the canonical literature for children that shaped cultural ideas of childhood. Students will read a wide representation of classic and contemporary “children’s” literature including fairy tales, fantasy, poetry, adventure stories, historical fiction, and picture books. The class focuses on the literary analysis of different genres in children’s literature. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101 and EGL 102
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 266 Fantasy in Literature and Film

Fantasy in Literature and Film examines not only the oldest literary genre but one that continues to fascinate readers old and young and to inspire some of the most innovative and technically sophisticated films. Works of fantasy overlap other genres: myth, fairy tales, epic sagas, tales of the grotesque, juvenilia, adventure stories, and some science fiction. However, fantasy is the study of what can never actually be real, that is, what we dream about or can only imagine. Readings include traditional works of fantasy from the earliest recorded texts as well as beloved children's and young adult "classics" of this genre. Film adaptations as well as original films in this genre will also be analyzed and critiqued. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 269 The Romantic Arts: Art, Dance, Literature and Music

This course examines the art, dance, literature and music of the Romantic Period of each of the disciplines. Students will acquire an understanding of the aesthetic concerns of each of these art forms in the period in which they were created and develop a critical vocabulary that will allow them to better understand, evaluate, and discuss the works in depth. Course work includes readings, field trips to art exhibits and performances, and extensive use of audio-visual materials. The course will require both informal and formal papers that utilize primary and secondary research materials. By examining multiple art forms, students will develop greater aesthetic and critical understanding of the art forms of the Romantic period included in the course study. Note: Students cannot get credit for EGL 269 and 269W; EGL 269W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the English Department Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 200

## EGL 301 Advanced Grammar and Vocabulary

Students will master a study of descriptive and prescriptive English grammar and will become familiar with concepts of linguistics and semiology. Students will expand their vocabulary by learning the use of a broad range of words and by understanding their etymological roots, their appropriateness to situation and audience, and their function in smooth syntax. Students will develop skills leading to the use of precise, concise prose style. Mastery of grammar, vocabulary and style is essential to professional-level reading, writing, speaking, listening, and editing. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 302 The 19th Century English Novel

Select novels by major British authors of the nineteenth century, such as Austen, the Brontes, Mary Shelley, Dickens, Thackeray, George Eliot, Trollope, Hardy and Conrad, are read. Attention is given to the social, economic, political and intellectual backdrop informing the content of the novels. Secondary sources are required. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 303 Writing for the 21st Century

Writing for the 21st Century explores the many modes of expression that are available to writers, speakers, and thinkers, including auditory, visual, gestural, and spatial acts of communication. A central goal of this course is to make deliberate use of these modes and design choices in relationship to specific purposes and audiences. To do so, students will critically analyze the ways these varied modes are employed, as well as produce texts that deploy these for specific contexts, audiences, and situations in order to effectively inform, persuade, and communicate. After completing this course, students should feel confident in their ability to transfer information using twenty-first century technology and possess skills that will assist in their future academic and professional lives. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 and 200-Level or higher Writing Intensive Course with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 307 Special Topics in Literature

This course will enable students to explore intensively a major author or literary theme, period or genre. The subject for a particular semester will be announced prior to registration. Topics may include love, lust and marriage; persuasion and propaganda; and World War I writers, among others. Short papers involving secondary sources will be required. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 308 The City In Literature, Art, Film and Theatre

This course examines depictions and interpretations of the city through literature, film, theatre, photography, painting, sculpture and architecture. Initially, the focus will be on New York City, although subsequent semesters, it may extend to other major world cities such as London, Paris, Rome, or Athens. Students will gain an understanding of the aesthetic value of the different art forms as well as develop the critical vocabulary to help them evaluate the various literary and artistic works. Course work includes assigned readings, field trips to museums in New York City, and extensive use of audio-visual material. Both informal writing (response journals) and more formal papers, including a research paper utilizing primary research (photographs, maps, interviews with artists, slides etc.) and secondary critical and/or historical studies will be required. Note: Students cannot get credit for EGL 308 and 308W; EGL 308W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the English Department Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 309 Voices of Black America in Poetry, Prose and Song

A study of the oral and literary tradition of African Americans in poetry, prose and song. This course provides both a historical examination of the written and oral tradition of African Americans in its own right and as a lens through which American culture can be viewed. The course will explore the developing aesthetic concerns of this tradition in different historical periods as, for example, the question of dialect before, during and after the Harlem Renaissance and the later Black Arts movement up through contemporary rap. Students will also consider how many texts by African Americans combine literary and musical forms, particularly spirituals, blues, jazz, hip hop and rap. Critical readings and research project required. Students who have completed EGL 224 may not receive credit for this course. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 310 Technical Writing

A detailed study of the fundamentals of writing technical reports and other technical communications. Topics emphasized include the elements of a technical report, the interpretation of statistics and data, and the composition of letters, memos, and informal reports containing technical information. Assignments and student exercises are drawn from the student's technical area. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 312 Major Authors in American Literature

An in-depth examination of the major trends in American Literature as reflected specifically through the works of individual authors. The instructor will select the two or three authors to be studied each semester. Secondary sources, a major research project, and an annotated bibliography of criticism of a particular work will be required. Note: Students cannot get credit for EGL 312 and 312W; EGL 312W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the English Department Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 314 Major Authors in World Literature

An in-depth examination of major trends in world literature as reflected through the works of individual authors. One to three authors are studied each semester. Requirements include a substantial research project involving critical research. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 316 Women in Modern Literature

In this course students will examine major American texts by women writers from the beginning of first wave feminism to the present. While most of the works studied will be narrative fiction, some non-fiction, drama, poetry, and memoirs are included. Themes addressed in this course include women's relation to work, religion, nature, marriage and family, their struggle for voting rights, equal treatment under the law, and as immigrants to America from different cultures. The focus of the course is the ways in which literary works both reflect and help to shape the history and culture of America. This includes examination of how particular genres, styles of writing, and literary techniques are utilized by the writers covered in this selective survey of American women writers. Note: Students cannot get credit for EGL 316 and 316W; EGL 316W can be used to fulfill the writing intensive requirement. Note: Offered at the discretion of the English Department Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 317 Studies in Shakespeare

An analysis of Shakespearean plays, along with their sources, the early modern period in England, and traditional and contemporary critical commentary. Four or five plays will be studied each semester. Requirements will include examinations and analysis of plays. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 318 Advanced Creative Writing

An intensive workshop experience in which students are taught to recognize and appreciate excellence in the poetry and fiction of significant contemporary writers, and to produce polished works in these genres. Students will be required to keep a formal writer's journal and to participate in formal readings of their works, as well as provide pertinent critical evaluations of the writing of others. Prerequisite(s): EGL 216 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 319 Modern Drama

This course provides an in-depth examination of representative plays of Modern Drama (late nineteenth century through the twentieth century), focusing on such literary movements as realism, expressionism, relativism, epic theater, theater of the absurd, and focusing on the historical and cultural context of the different literary movements and the representative plays. Requirements include a research project involving traditional and contemporary criticism. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 322 Leadership in Fact, Fiction and Film

Leadership in Fiction, Fact, and Film examines various fiction and non-fiction materials from a business perspective. Students will explore leadership, ethics/values, motivation, interpersonal skills, power/authority, communication, gender roles, empowerment, change, etc., as these concepts are demonstrated in these various works. Students will analyze the problems in the materials and apply them to modern-day corporate work situations, reflecting upon how these works are practical and functional to successful management tasks, responsibilities, and leadership. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 323 Major Authors in British Literature

An in-depth examination of major trends in British literature as reflected through the works of individual authors. One to three authors are studied in depth each semester. Requirements include a research project involving traditional and contemporary criticism. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 325 African American Literature

An in-depth study of the oral and literary traditions of African American literature, this course examines the aesthetic development of these traditions, their contribution to American culture, and the historical contexts that give rise to them. Students will explore the cross-pollination and intertextuality of a variety of literary forms, including primarily poetry, prose, drama, and music. Critical readings and a research project will be required. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 326 Advocacy and Social Justice

Using historic literature and theory-based texts from the humanities, this course introduces students to advocacy strategies used to advance interests of underserved and underrepresented groups in local and national settings. Students will reflect upon and interpret historic and theoretical texts in advocacy, research contemporary local and national advocacy groups, and compose their own advocacy strategies rooted in humanistic knowledge. Special attention will be paid to the origins of social justice issues, who is involved, and ethical advocacy practices. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 330 Classical Greek Tragedy: Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides

This course introduces students to the Classical Greek Theater and its three great Athenian tragedians: Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides through close readings of surviving texts in translation and through viewings of modern productions of these ancient theatrical works. Focusing on these playwrights' works both as art forms and as products of a specific historical society, the course will address the role this drama played in the lives, culture, and aesthetic sensibilities of the ancient Greeks as well as its role as a living art form in contemporary society. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 331 Death, Madness and Sex: The Victorians

Focusing on three of the predominant obsessions of Victorian society, this course will study the literary, artistic, and aesthetic explorations of these themes by authors such as Dickens, Stoker, Wilde, Tennyson, Rossetti, and Browning and artists such as Millais, Burne-Jones, Hunt, Leighton, Waterhouse, and Dadd to gain a comprehensive overview of this major literary, artistic, and cultural period. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## EGL 333 Contemporary Irish Drama in Text and Performance

This course examines the representative plays of the Irish theatrical canon as it has developed throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Irish theatre has long been associated with the emergence of the Irish Free State from the control of British colonialism. This association makes the study of Irish drama a unique opportunity to explore how theatre reflects and shapes the political and cultural identity of a society. Examining each play within the cultural and historical context in which it was written allows us to see each work as part of a developing literary, social, and political process where issues of nationalism, religion, gender, sexuality, and class intersect in text and performance. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH 300

## ENV 100 Introduction to Electric Circuits

This course is an introduction to the fundamentals and basic principles of DC and AC circuits. The fundamental knowledge acquired in this course can be used to understand AC/DC circuits used in various energy subsystems and to troubleshoot problems that can occur during the operation of these systems. Laboratory activities allow students to gain hands-on experience making measurements on circuits and interpreting the data collected. The students are required to take the laboratory course, ENV 100L as a corequisite. The laboratory exercises provide the students with hands-on-experience on the topics learned from the theory class. Corequiste(s): ENV 100L
• Level: 100
• Credits: 4 (3,2)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 100

## ENV 101 Energy Sustainability and Environment

This is an introductory course to create and enhance the critical awareness of the student regarding various forms of energy, sustainability issues and the impact on the environment through unbridled use of energy in the present day context. A scientific and technological approach is used to discuss various topics. The knowledge base of this course is derived from certain natural sciences such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Eco-Science. The main topics of discussion are: Forms of energy, energy conservation, impact on the environment by the use of energy, forms of renewable energy and sustainability issues. The critical policy issues related to energy are also discussed. The course prepares the student to be a fully aware citizen on energy issues facing the community and the world.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 100

## ENV 203 Sustainability in Architecture and Construction

This course gives an in-depth introduction and orientation to sustainability in built environment. Some of the areas this course will cover are: sustainable site, water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, materials and resources, indoor environmental quality, etc. Prerequisite(s): MTH 117or 129 and departmental approval required.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 200

## ENV 210 Energy Policy and Standards

This course gives an introduction to energy policy at various levels like the local governments, state and federal governments. Role of Public Service Commission, Inter and intra state energy markets, environmental laws as policy tools for energy generation and distribution are also topics of discussion. Influence of NGOs in shaping the energy policy is discussed. Topics like renewable portfolio standard, feed-in-tariff, distributed generation and its challenges etc. are included. Case studies involving local utilities will be discussed. Prerequisite(s): ENV 101
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 200

## ENV 300 Energy and Sustainability

This course provides an introduction to the scientific principles governing energy conversion, use and storage, as well as the fundamental issues involving energy systems and their impact on the environment. The science of energy is covered, including energy sources and forms of energy, topics from thermodynamics and heat transfer, as well as electrical, mechanical and nuclear energy. Energy systems based on fossil fuels and their environmental impact are discussed. Energy efficiency, conservation and issues involving the earth’s climate are examined. Sustainability and renewable energy sources, such as, solar energy, hydropower, wind, and geothermal energy are introduced. Energy storage and distribution are also briefly discussed. Prerequisite(s): PHY 136 and Junior level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 300

## ENV 301 Energy in Electronics and Computer Systems

This course is intended to find ways of building future electronic information processing systems, with major improvements in energy efficiency. In particular new electronic and computer devices extending from low- power nanoelectronic devices, through circuit design, chip- scale architecture, short-range interconnects, long-range interconnect, networks, software, storage systems, servers, green data centers and supercomputers are considered. Prerequisite(s): ENV 210 and Junior-level status.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 300

## ENV 302 Wind Energy

This course provides an overview of sustainable systems of wind renewable energy. Topics include the assessment of wind resources, wind site assessments, identifying and evaluating factors affecting wind energy development, the basic principles of wind turbines, and the environmental impact of assessment processes for wind developments. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110 or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 300

## ENV 303 Energy Storage and EV

Primary energy consumption in the U.S. consists largely of fossil fuel-based sources. Only a small portion of the energy consumed is from renewable sources. Energy storage systems (ESS) have the potential to significantly increase the renewable energy portion of primary energy consumption by overcoming the inherent intermittency and instability of wind and solar. Students will analyze various storage solutions including batteries, superconductor magnetic energy storage systems, flywheels, ultracapacitors, pumped storage power plants, compressed air systems and hydrogen storage from a non-technical perspective. Storage systems will be compared for their feasibility in integrating with the power grid. The applications of energy storage in alternative fuel vehicles, specifically in electric drive vehicles (EV) will also be evaluated. Students will discuss the advantages and disadvantages as well as the environmental impact of existing battery technologies. Policies and incentives related to ESS and EV will also be included in this course. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110 or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 300

## ENV 304 Geothermal Systems

Geothermal energy systems provide heating and cooling by using the relatively constant temperature of the ground. Sustainable and efficient, geothermal systems are crucial in moving toward a fully electrified heating and cooling solution. In this course, students will analyze systems that utilize ground energy and heat pumps to form a ground-source heat pump (GSHP). The elements and components of the GSHP will be discussed, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of using this type of system. Selected topics include materials and methods involved in the design and selection of the GSHP, methods of extracting ground energy, thermal properties of soil and rock, borehole drilling and grouting, piping materials and flow characteristics, sales and marketing, policies and standards, funding opportunities and other incentives of the GSHP. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110 or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 300

## ENV 305 Renewable Energy Systems I

This courses gives an overview of various renewable energy technologies like solar, wind, geothermal, hydro, bio fuels, fuel cells etc. The growth and potential of these technologies along with challenges faced by each of the technologies are discussed. Comparisons are made with conventional energy systems using fossil fuels. Prerequisite(s): ENV 210
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 300

## ENV 306 Solar Energy

Solar energy and, in particular, photovoltaics (PV) hold promise for an abundant, clean, renewable energy source to address the ever-increasing demands of modern society. This course uses a qualitative approach to provide students with fundamental knowledge in the field, and the necessary skills to communicate with technical experts. Topics covered include solar radiation characteristics, how sunlight is converted to electricity in a solar cell, aspects in PV system design, solar thermal systems, societal impact, policy issues, and economic considerations. This theory course is augmented by hands-on activities, demonstrations, simulations, and simple experiments using photovoltaic solar cells. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110 or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 300

## ENV 310 Renewable Energy Systems II

This course is a follow up course of Renewable Energy Systems I. This course undertakes detailed study of some of renewable energy technologies like solar, wind energy systems. Design installation and maintenance aspects of renewable energy systems are covered. Cost benefits analysis of energy systems included. Prerequisite(s): ENV 305 and MTH 130
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 300

## ENV 450 Capstone Project/Research

Capstone Project/Research course is a project course for Sustainability Energy and Environment Minor programs students. It is a course in which the student works on a self study mode under the supervision of a faculty member in the implementation of an approved design project proposal. At the end of the course students are required to provide a written report and make an oral presentation that addresses areas such as the design process implemented, product specifications, cost analysis, testing and/or computer simulation procedures used in the verification of results obtained as well as ethical and product liability issues addressed. Prerequisite(s): Approval of Advisor of the minor is required.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 400

## ESL 091 Beginning English as a Second Language

A beginning course for non-native speakers of English emphasizing basic listening, speaking, reading and writing skills.
• Level: 000
• Credits: 3 (3,0,0)
ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE 000

## ESL 092 Intermediate English as a Second Language

A continuation of ESL 091. A course for the student who has attained a degree of fluency in speaking English but needs additional training in reading and writing skills.
• Level: 000
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE 000

## ESL 093 Advanced English as a Second Language

A continuation of ESL 092. An advanced course for the non-native speaker of English who has already mastered basic skills. This course is designed to bring the student to the level of proficiency of a credit granting English composition course.
• Level: 000
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE 000

## ETM 501 Engineering Quality Management and Reliability

This course covers the normal or Gaussian distribution, standard deviation, and confidence intervals including six-sigma. Advanced statistical concepts and methods are covered with an emphasis on implementation and practical applications. Monitoring and controlling product quality using statistical methods and parametric control charts is an integral part of this course. The principles of reliability engineering and their practical applications, including basic probability models for engineering components and systems failure, are presented with emphasis on practice oriented problem-solving class projects. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 503 Research Methods for Tech Mgmt

This course introduces data based scientific/engineering research methodology. This course includes a systematic literature search process, objective data collection, and research design. The course also includes"inferential statistics such as hypothesis testing and regression analysis. Students are also exposed to various parametric and non-parametric statistical concepts like t-distribution, chi square test etc. Students learn how to put together a research proposal that may result in a full-blown research topic for future course(s). Prerequisite: Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 510 Energy and Power Management Analysis

This course covers the identification and quantification of energy efficiency expressions for various energy sources. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and reduction methods and environmental management materials and techniques used in fossil fuel powered systems are discussed. Evaluation and comparison of the economic viability of both renewable and nonrenewable energy technologies, as well as monitoring, targeting, and forecasting (MT&F) their consumption, are integral elements of this course. Energy consumption management methods and techniques to help energy savings are also studied. Prerequisite(s): BUS 502 with a grade of C or better and Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 511 Nanotechnology Principles and Applications

This course provides students with an overview of nanotechnology, covering the fundamental science and the numerous emerging applications of this interdisciplinary new technology. Starting with a discussion of the scientific principles governing nanotechnology, the course then explores novel approaches to making and characterizing nanomaterials and nanosystems. New optical, electrical, physical, and chemical properties of materials at nanoscale that may have a significant beneficial impact are examined. Emerging applications spanning the areas of bioscience, electronics, energy, the environment and others are explored. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 513 Computer Applications in Engineering

This course is geared toward the conceptual design, manufacturing and maintenance of technological devices. Students are introduced to different aspects of computer aided design, including solid mechanics, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), motion analysis and heat transfer. Relevant laboratory activities are conducted to acquaint students with constraint-based reasoning and design optimization. Concepts of computational power, parallel computing and cloud computing will be discussed as well. Laboratory course work furthers the application of theoretical concepts. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator Corerequiste: ETM 513L
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 514 Engineering Analysis

This course examines the concept of engineering analysis. The course focuses on problems drawn from various engineering fields, such as heat transfer, fluid flow, forced oscillations, electric circuits, electric potential, and wave propagation. Topics include matrix algebra, matrix manipulation, application to systems of ordinary differential equations, and vector calculus. Complex numbers and complex analytic methods, matrix algebra packages such as MathCAD, Mathematica, or MATLAB are used. Definitions and basic properties of Legendre, Bessel, and other special functions are covered. Common problems in partial differential equations and solution by separation of variables, Eigen function expansions, Fourier integral, Laplace transform, and Fourier transform also are discussed. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 520 Control Systems Management

This course covers the principles and applications of time invariant linear control systems. Examples are drawn from electromechanical systems, sensors and actuators, electronic systems, active filters, robotics and programmable logic control systems (PLC). Topics covered include: Laplace transform, transfer function, time and frequency domain representations; block diagrams and signal flow graphs; state space representations; analysis and design of feedback control systems. Industry accepted software application such as MATLAB is extensively used throughout the course for projects and assignments. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 521 Semiconductor Devices and Integrated Circuits

This course focuses on the fundamental concepts and practical perspectives of the semiconductor devices that comprise modern electronic circuits. It provides students with an in-depth understanding of device operating principles, circuit analysis and design methods, and an overview of processing technology. Topics covered include: semiconductor materials and devices; p-n junctions; bipolar junction transistors and field effect transistors; the MOS capacitor, MOSFET and CMOS; integrated circuits, amplifiers and frequency generators; digital integrated circuits; an overview of processing technology; novel nanoscale electronic and photonic devices. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 530 Residential Development Management

This course covers current homebuilding systems in the United States from design to construction. It includes an overview of the homebuilding industry, housing demand, management of the homebuilding process, the regulatory environment, housing design guidelines, development of contract documents, and the residential construction process. It also covers structural, mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems. Prerequisite(s): BUS 502 with a grade of C or better and Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 531 Construction Cost Analysis and Advanced Estimating

This course covers the emerging techniques of construction cost analysis and advanced estimating. It includes estimating cycles, data collection and data sources for estimating, cost index, cost capacity factors, parameter cost, trade-off analysis, break-even analysis, depreciation, overhead, time value of money, rate-of-return analysis and forecasting. It also covers bid strategies, life cycle cost analysis, and cost-benefit ratio analysis. Prerequisite(s): BUS 502 with a grade of C or better and Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 533 Heavy Construction Operation and Equipment

This course covers current heavy construction practice in the United States in terms of construction planning and optimum use of heavy equipment. It includes earthwork planning, equipment cost, geotechnical materials, machine specifications, trucks and hauling equipment management, aggregate production including concrete and asphalt, cranes, piles and pile driving equipment, and equipment for pumping water for job sites. The course includes ten laboratory experiments, two on planning earthwork, three on geotechnical materials, compaction, and stabilization, one on compressed air, two on aggregate production, and two on concrete production. Prerequisite(s): BUS 502 with a grade of C or better and Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator Corequisite(s): ETM 533L
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (2,2)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 534 Lean and Sustainable Engineering

This course will consider the use of lean and sustainable practices to improve the efficiency of processes and projects in engineering and construction. Lean principles will include Six Sigma and Total Quality Management. Sustainability will be considered from the standpoint of the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) rating system, as well as other assessment systems. Case studies will be considered, and an application of the principles in a project will be undertaken. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 550 Intelligent Transportation Sys

This course will cover the fundamentals and applications of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) in regional and international settings. The components of ITS, such as architecture, standards, planning and testing will be examined. ITS user services and applications, along with challenges and opportunities will be studied through in-class examples. The role of ITS in national security will be discussed. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 551 Transportation Planning Principles

This course will cover the principles of transportation planning and scheduling with a focus on travel demand forecasting, regional and long-term transportation planning and, transportation policies. Trip generation and distribution models will be examined and students will gain hands-on planning and scheduling experience in transit design and planning. The importance of zoning systems, and traffic assignment techniques will be studied. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 552 Traffic Flow Theory and Operations

This course is designed to provide students an in-depth overview of the macroscopic, microscopic and picoscopic modeling of the traffic flow. In addition, students will gain experience in traffic sensing technologies and their implementation in traffic operations. In class examples will cover the three-dimensional modeling and representation of traffic flow. Students will develop a semester-long project incorporating the methodologies and principles covered in the course to demonstrate the planning of a longitudinal solution to existing traffic operations challenges. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 555 Transportation and Logistics Management

This course will cover lean principles and their applications to transportation modalities with a focus on strategy development, contract negotiations, process standardization and sustainability, market trends and risk management. The management of transportation logistics will be covered through in-class examples, exercises and discussions. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 500
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 500

## ETM 611 Modern Energy Conversion Technologies

This course provides description and analysis of energy conversion technologies with an emphasis on alternative energy sources including solar, wind turbine, and biomass energy systems. Biomass gasification to produce synthesis gas is discussed. Hydrogen cleanup and separation techniques using water gas shift (WGS) and palladium membrane or electrochemical systems (hydrogen pump) are also discussed. Other energy conversion devices are investigated, including thermoelectric and light-emitting diodes, solid-state refrigerators and Peltier, and Seebeck effects. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 600
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 600

## ETM 612 Robotics, Automation, and Control Systems

This course covers different types of robots and their applications and control systems and provides 3D vector presentation for the kinematics and dynamics of robots. Feedback and fuzzy logic control systems are discussed. The use of robotics simulation software is integral throughout the course, which culminates in a project leading to the design and development of robotics integration systems with their peripherals. Prerequisite(s): ETM 520, Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 600
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 600

## ETM 623 Optical Communications

This course covers the principles of optical fiber communication systems and optical networks. Topics include optical fibers, propagation characteristics, attenuation and dispersion, optical sources such as light emitting diodes (LEDs) and lasers, passive components, optical receivers, PIN and avalanche photodiodes, optical amplifiers, and optical switches. Optical system design issues are discussed including power budget, bandwidth, Q-factor, and bit error ratio (BER). Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) systems, nonlinear effects, and modulation techniques are also covered along with optical networks, topologies, and applications. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 600
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 600

## ETM 624 Fundamentals of Photovoltaics and Photonics

This course focuses on the principles and applications of optical engineering systems as well as photonics and photovoltaics. Concepts in optical engineering and design of optical systems are covered. Topics include optoelectronic devices, photovoltaic solar cells and systems, photonic devices, and an introduction to LASERs. The operating principles of photovoltaic solar cells, including photon absorption, excitons, generation and recombination processes, carrier densities, and charge transport are covered. Emerging technologies involving nanostructures, quantum dots, and heterojunctions are also discussed. Opportunities and challenges facing the industry as devices are scaled at the nanometer range are explored. Examples of optical device design are drawn from areas of current interest such as photovoltaic solar cells, optical sensors, photonic crystals, and nano-photonics. Prerequisite(s): ETM 503 and ETM 520, Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 600
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 600

## ETM 631 Construction Contracts

This course covers details of construction contracts and related documents, which include contract documents, design phase documents, pre-bid documents, bid submission documents, forms of agreement, and documents supporting the agreement. This course also covers site condition clauses, red flag clauses, insurance contracts, and surety bonds, as well as documentation and record keeping requirements. In addition, labor agreements and joint venture agreements will be discussed. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 600
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 600

## ETM 670 Master's Project

This is a Capstone course for students who do not plan to take the thesis option. The course is designed as an independent study in which the student utilizes their knowledge in the field to evaluate a series of case studies. A complete oral and written presentation is required of each student detailing their work. In each case study the student must clearly demonstrate their ability to understand, analyze and solve technical and/or managerial problems by applying their knowledge gained through their course work. Students completing this course will not receive credit for BUS 670. Prerequisite(s): Completion of twenty-one (21) credits of required Core and Track Specific Courses in the ETM program and permission of graduate coordinator.
• Level: 600
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 600

## ETM 671 Master’s Thesis

This is an independent study performed by the students to utilize their knowledge in engineering technology management. This practice-oriented work contributes to the enhancement of productivity, the improvement of quality, and the achievement of an industry’s cost effectiveness. The master’s thesis draws on students’ individual interests, stimulating their critical thinking, and sharpening their problem-solving abilities. A literature survey, analysis, discussion, and conclusions are documented in the thesis under the direction of a faculty mentor and presented by the student at the completion of the work to demonstrate their professional competency in their field of study. Students completing this course will not receive credit for BUS 671. Prerequisite(s): Completion of twenty-one (21) credits of required Core and Track Specific Courses in the ETM program and permission of graduate coordinator.
• Level: 600
• Credits: 1 to 6 (1 to 6,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 600

## ETM 680 Special Topics in Technology Management

This special topics course is designed to inspire students to study a specific topic or several related topics that address a special interest in technology management. It will require students to research, investigate, and analyze design, manufacturing, quality, or production issues. The course strategy is established by the instructor and adjusted to respond to students’ interest to achieve the class goal of enhancing in-depth understanding of the subject matter. Students taking ETM 680 cannot get credit for BUS 680. Prerequisite(s): Graduate status in ETM and approval of the Graduate Program Coordinator
• Level: 600
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 600

## FRE 101 French I (Elementary)

A beginning course in French emphasizing the gradual development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing with stress on communicative competence and cultural awareness.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
FRENCH 100

## FRE 102 French II (Elementary)

A continuation of French 101 emphasizing the gradual development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing with stress on communicative competence and cultural awareness. Prerequisite(s): 2 or 3 years of high school French or FRE 101.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
FRENCH 100

## FRE 203 French III (Intermediate)

A continuation of FRE 102 for students who have had 3 or 4 years of high school French. This intermediate course further emphasizes the development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing with stress on communicative competence and cultural awareness. A literary and cultural reader will be introduced. Prerequisite(s): required or 2 or 3 years of high school French.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
FRENCH 200

## FRE 204 French IV (Intermediate)

For those students who have taken FRE 203 or four or more years of high school French. This course emphasizes structural review, intensified practice in oral expression with increased emphasis on reading and writing skills. Continued attention will be given to contemporary French culture. Selections from French authors will be read. Prerequisite(s): Approval of this department chair or FRE 203
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
FRENCH 200

## FRE 301 French V (Advanced)

An advanced conversation/composition course with intensive practice in oral and written French. Prepared discussions and writing assignments on selected cultural historical and literary topics. Prerequisite(s): Approval of this department chair or FRE 204.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
FRENCH 300

## FRE 302 French VI (Advanced)

A continuation of French V Advanced with intensive practice in oral and written French. Prepared discussions and writing assignments on selected cultural, historical and literary topics. Prerequisite(s): Approval of this department chair or FRE 204.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
FRENCH 300

## FRX 101 The Freshman Experience

This course will enhance successful adaptation to college life. Topics relate to the academic, social, economic, health, and interactional factors that influence collegiate success. Enrollment is limited to matriculated freshmen only. While this course is open to all students, priority is given to Liberal Arts students. Note: Students completing FRX 101 may not receive credit for FYE 101, FYS 101, or RAM 101.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
FRESHMAN EXPERIENCE 100

## FRX 103 Career Planning for Freshmen

This course is designed to assist freshmen that are undecided about choosing a future career or major. The course emphasizes self-assessment, critical thinking, problem solving, decision making, educational and vocational planning, and orientation to college and reality testing. A successful adaptation to college is an overall goal of the course.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 2 (2,0)
FRESHMAN EXPERIENCE 100

## FYE 101 First Year Experience

This course is designed to assist new students in acclimating, connecting, and adjusting to the college campus and experience. Through presentations, discussions and group work, students will become familiar with college resources and learn strategies for academic success. Students will also be introduced to the values and ethical principles of the College and encouraged to reflect on their role/responsibilities as college students. Topics include time management, study skills, stress management, goal setting, course and career planning, self-assessment and awareness, and the development of wellness strategies. Note: Students completing FYE 101 may not receive credit for FRX101, FYS 101, or RAM 101. Credits 1 (1.0)
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
FIRST YEAR EXPERIENCE 100

## FYS 101 First Year Seminar

This course will assist new students in transitioning from high school to college. Students will become familiar with college resources and will learn strategies for academic success. Through group work and problem solving, students will learn to turn to each other, faculty members, support staff, and their AAIC Academic Advisor for support. Note: Students completing FYS 101 may not receive credit for FRX 101, FYE 101, or RAM 101.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (1,0)
FIRST YEAR SEMINAR 100

## GEO 110 Maps and Map Analysis

This course is an introduction to the study and design of map formats, symbology, coordinate systems, and how maps record the historical patterns of human behavior. The course will also examine maps as a tool to analyze human activity and societal development, and include important aspects of map data collection, processing, the Global Positioning System (GPS), quantitative mapping, and GIS-based mapmaking techniques. Note: Students who take GEO 110 may not receive credit for GIS 101
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 100

## GEO 201 Physical Geography

This course introduces students to the study of the Earth as a system. We will cover the four major subsystems--the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the lithosphere, and the biosphere--with a focus on the patterns and processes that shape the planet. The goal of the course is to provide students with a clear understanding of the complex and changing processes associated with physical geography, especially those which are important for solving environmental and economic problems associated with air, water, soil, flora, fauna, and other aspects of the natural world. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 200

## GEO 201 GEO 201L Physical Geography Laboratory

This physical geography laboratory course can be taken as standalone (1) credit physical science lab or as accompaniment to the GEO201 Physical Geography course. This course introduces students to the study of the Earth as a system. This laboratory is designed to give an overview of the development, distribution, and interrelationships of landforms, climates, minerals, soils, and water resources. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101 EGL 101 with a grade of C or better
• Level: 200
• Credits: 1 (0,3)
GEOGRAPHY 200

## GEO 211 The World and Its Peoples

This course is an exploration of the rich diversity of cultures and societies of the contemporary world, as well as an introduction to world geography and how it has shaped major developments in global history. Critical readings of recent ethnography will be used to examine themes such as ethnicity and migration, rural life and traditionalism, and family and kinship. Students will also be familiarized with the growth of cities, demographic changes, the development of a leisure culture, and attitudes towards work as we survey the major world regions (Southern Asia, the Pacific Rim, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and the Middle East, the Americas, Europe, and Oceania). Furthermore, we will examine the interaction between humans and their physical environment, interrogate the role of language on national identity among peoples, and trace the evolution of world religions.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 200

## GEO 222 Human Geography

This course provides an introduction to human geography in its multiple forms: social, cultural, environmental, urban, economic, and political. Students will explore human interactions through the lenses of community, culture, and society. While the focus will be on human populations, there will also be discussions of how interaction with nature and the environment shape relationships through an analysis of the human to land interaction. Globalization, cultural diversity, and migration will serve as important themes throughout the course. Prerequisite(s): Any 100-level HIS or POL course
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 200

## GEO 223 Africa and Its People

This course provides a survey of the geography of Africa in its multiple forms: social, cultural, physical, environmental, urban, rural, economic, and political. Students will explore Africa through these multidisciplinary lenses arid discuss the misconceptions that have plagued the continent and its peoples. Globalization, development,. cultural diversity, and migration will serve as important themes throughout the course. Prerequisite(s): Any 100 level Social Science Course (this is a regional geography course, which are multidisciplinary in nature)
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 200

## GEO 231 Europe and Its Peoples

This course is an exploration of the rich diversity of cultures and societies of contemporary Europe, as well as an introduction to the continent's geography and how its unique physical attributes shaped world history. Critical readings of recent ethnography will be used to examine themes such as ethnicity and migration, rural life and traditionalism, and family and kinship. Students will also be familiarized with the growth of cities, demographic changes, the development of a leisure culture, and attitudes towards work in Europe. Furthermore, we will examine the interaction between Europeans and their physical environment, interrogate the role of language on national identity among European peoples, and trace the evolution of religion from paganism to "Post-Christianity." We will also study the development of political culture on the continent and historical and contemporary projects to create a united Europe from the Pax Romana to the European Union.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 200

## GEO 232 North America and Its Peoples

This course is an exploration of the rich diversity of cultures and societies that make up North America (i.e., United States, Canada and Mexico), as well as an introduction to the region’s geography and how its unique physical attributes have shaped world history. Readings in spatially-inflected ethnography will be used to examine themes such as indigenous identity and rights, ethnicity and migration, religious practice, rural life, and cultural change. Students will also become familiar with demographic changes, industrialization, urbanization, land use, and the relationship between work and leisure in the region. Furthermore, students will study the development of political culture in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico, and contemporary efforts to bind the three countries through trade and regional cooperation. Prerequisite(s): Any 100-level or higher HIS, POL, GEO or GIS course.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 200

## GEO 290 Topics in Geography

This course offers instruction in special content areas in the field of geography. Students will explore the linkages between physical and human geography, focusing on a particular topic, e.g., globalization, technology, youth, cities, trade and economic development, etc. Students should consult the department before registering for any Special Topics course. Prerequisite(s): Any 100-level or higher HIS, POL, or GEO course
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 200

## GEO 322 Cultural Geography

This course takes a critical approach to the study of human-environment interactions, focusing on how various cultural products and norms (as well as differences across cultures) shape our views about each other and the world around us. Students will be introduced to the comparatively new sub-discipline of cultural geography and interrogate the “cultural turn” in the field of geography. Students will engage the complex relationship between the “self” and the “other,” addressing the topics of power, economy, race, religion, sexuality, ethnicity, gender, and nationalism. Prerequisite(s): Any 100-level or higher HIS, POL or GEO course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 300

## GEO 323 Urban Geography

This course will trace the historical development of the city from its humble beginnings to its current form and beyond. We will explore the impact of environmental, economic, demographic, sociological, cultural, technological and political forces on the development of the world’s urban centers. This course will also explore the effects that urbanization and urbanism has on the lives of the world’s citizens and how cities are shaping the future of mankind. In addition to a theoretical treatment of the city, we will also take an in-depth look at the world’s great metropolises. By focusing on representative urban centers in different world regions, students will gain insight into the commonalities and differences of cities around the globe. Class discussions will be supported by lectures on the development of urban centers in the United States. Prerequisite(s): Any 100-level or higher HIS, POL, or GEO course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 300

## GEO 325 Globalization & Sustainability

This course examines spaces and places of globalization and sustainability, focusing on patterns of production, consumption, urbanization, and land use. Concentrating on the period since 1979, the content will address economic, social, cultural, and political change on a global scale. In addition this course will cover questions of environmental degradation, climate change, mass extinctions and other impacts of the Anthropocene era and how these effects can be mitigated through sustainable practices. Prerequisite(s): Any 200-level or higher HIS, POL, or GEO course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 300

## GEO 330 Environmental Interactions

This course explores important environmental issues in sustainability facing society today. Topics to focus around understanding the changing spatial relationships between people and their environments, the causes and consequences of environmental degradation, strategies for building a more sustainable world, and the methods and approaches that scholars have used to understand human-environment interactions. Prerequisite(s): Any 200-Level Social Science Course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 300

## GEO 335 Food Geographies

Food is materially, economically, culturally, socially, and politically linked to its geography. This course examines food from a spatial perspective, taking a farm-to-table approach that highlights the role of governments and corporations - as well as harvesters, growers, and consumers of foodstuffs - in shaping what, how, and when we eat. Geographies of animal husbandry, commercial fishing, cereals, fruits/vegetables, alcohol, coffee, sugar, and exotic fare will all be explored, while also looking at bodies and eating spaces (home, restaurants, on-the-move). The geopolitical and ecological impact of the food system will also feature prominently, with discussions of human health, culinary nationalism, food insecurity, sustainability, environmental degradation, climate change, labor exploitation, and social inequality. Prerequisite(s): Any 200-level or higher HIS/POL/GEO course.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 300

## GEO 340 Geography and Imagination

The course examines the role of imagination in the field of geography. We will investigate how humans envision, experience, and shape the world through discourse, representation, and various ways of seeing and knowing. Key concepts to be explored will include the "art" of-geography and the production of space and "nature," cartography as a mechanism of power and maps as tools to think with, and the role of culture in spatial understanding. We will ·also examine the relationship between physical, represented, and imagined places, especially through non-cartographic technologies of geographical imagination (e.g., travel literature, landscape painting, photography, museum installations, film/TV, videogames, etc.). Prerequisite(s): Any 200-level or higher ANT, ECO, GIS, GEO, HIS, POL, PSY, SOC or STS course.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 300

## GEO 350 Place Branding

Recognizing that any place has an identity that is defined by its physical setting, built environment, economy, history, and the culture of its people, this course examines the ways in which places - e.g., cities, regions, and countries - are marketed and promoted in a post-industrial world. Following a conceptual exploration of the idea of place and an overview of how cities and countries have defined themselves (such as the famous "I Love NY" brand campaign), the content will focus on the ways in which spatial identity is communicated, consumed, and critiqued. Students will engage with literature and assess case studies drawn from a number of disciplines, including social/cultural geography, tourism studies, geopolitics, brand management, political economy, and strategic communication. Prerequisite(s): Any 200-level or higher GEO/POL/HIS course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 300

## GEO 355 Geography of Tourism

Approaching leisure travel from a spatial perspective, this course examines the complex interplay between geography and tourism in a global world. Beginning with the history of tourism, the content critically assesses the power structures of holidaymaking, the effects of the tourism encounter, and how the travel-based experiences shape our individual and collective perceptions of the world around us. The impact of tourism on economics, society, culture, and politics will be explored alongside its effects on the environment at the local, national, and planetary scales. Prerequisite(s): Any 200-level or higher History, Politics or Geography course
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 300

## GEO 370 The Anthropocene: A Planet in Crisis

Assuming a holistic approach to the impact of humans on the planet, or what scientists and scholars have called the Anthropocene or the Human Epoch, the course explores geographical concepts associated with Homo sapiens' ecological footprint. Content will focus on dating, defining, and critiquing the Anthropocene, examining the geophysical repercussions of "terraforming" the planet, mapping the effects of global climate change, and assessing the impact of the Anthropocene on human-animal-plant interactions, technology, culture, politics, economics, and society-at-large. Prerequisite(s): Any 200-level or higher HIS, POL, GEO course.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 300

## GEO 390 Special Topics in Geography

This upper-level course offers advanced instruction in special content areas in the field of geography. Students will explore a particular topic, theme, or sub-discipline, e.g., quantitative methods, climate change, race and ethnicity, etc. Students should consult the department before registering for any Special Topics course. Prerequisite(s): Any 200-level or higher HIS, POL or GEO course.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHY 300

## GER 111 German I (Elementary)

A beginning course in German emphasizing the gradual development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing with stress on communicative competence and cultural awareness.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERMAN 100

## GER 112 German II (Elementary)

A continuation of German 111 emphasizing the gradual development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing with stress on communicative competence and cultural awareness. Prerequisite(s): 2 or 3 years of high school German or GER 111.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERMAN 100

## GER 213 German III (Intermediate)

A continuation of GER 112 for students who have had 3 or 4 years of high school German. This course emphasizes the development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing with stress on communicative competence and cultural awareness. A literary and cultural reader will be introduced. Prerequisite(s): GER 112
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERMAN 200

## GER 214 German IV (Intermediate)

For those students who have taken GER 213 or four or more years of high school German. This course emphasizes structural review, intensified practice in oral expression with increased emphasis on reading and writing skills. Continued attention will be given to contemporary German culture. Selections from German authors will be read. Prerequisite(s): GER 213
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERMAN 200

## GER 301 German V (Advanced)

A course in German which introduces the student who has completed the four basic skills (speaking, listening, reading and writing) to the German language of everyday business. The course gives an insight into united Germany's place in the world market. The topics are general enough to be of interest to most intermediate and advanced students, but at the same time offer preparation for the business minded student. Prerequisite(s): GER 214
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERMAN 300

## GER 302 German VI (Advanced)

A continuation of German V Advanced. Prerequisite(s): GER 301
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERMAN 300

## GIS 101 The Digital Earth

This class is an introduction to the fundamentals of geospatial technology, the ways in which that technology can be used to understand human and biophysical phenomena, and the ways that technology affects contemporary life. This class will introduce geographic information systems (GIS), the Global Positioning System (GPS), remote sensing, and spatial analysis. This class will also address social and ethical issues raised by the use of those technologies. Hands-on exercises will be incorporated to give students a deeper understanding of geospatial technology and how it can be used to answer meaningful questions. Note: Students who take GIS 101 may not receive credit for GEO 110
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 100

## GIS 201 Mathematical Principles in Geography

This course demystifies the mathematics used in the manipulation of spatially related data. Students learn a step-by-step approach through the basics of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry and calculus that underpin the management of spatially related data. Course topics include; overview of the most common symbols and operations for learners with no or very little knowledge of mathematics and an overview in concepts that builds a sufficient understanding basic math principles needed to excel in geography, GIS and spatial analysis. For a description of MP3 placement level please see the current College Catalog. Prerequisite(s): MP3 or MTH 116
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 200

## GIS 222 Geovisualization I

Geographic information systems (GIS) are computer systems designed for the creation, storage, retrieval, analysis, and visualization of spatial data. GIS is applied across fields as diverse as urban planning, environmental management, law enforcement, industrial location, and marketing, and for scientific research in many disciplines. This course is a hands-on course with a required lab period which will introduce students to foundational concepts and skills in working with spatial data, including finding and creating data, spatial analysis, and GIS-based map production. This course is a prerequisite for several upper-level GEO courses. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110 and EGL 101 both with a grade of C or higher Corequisite(s): GIS 221L
• Level: 200
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 200

## GIS 231 Geospatial Research Methods

This course exposes students to the process of doing geographic research. Basic epistemological and ontological approaches will be reviewed through the use of readings on research methodologies and selected readings from the geography literature. Class discussion will focus on the identification of research problems, construction of hypotheses, and development of research design. The course will cover a variety of important contemporary geographic theories and will complete exercises to give students hands-on experience in completing qualitative and quantitative geographic research. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101, MTH 110 and Any 200-Level or Higher GEO course.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 200

## GIS 301 GIScience

This course will cover fundamentals of geographic information science (GIScience), the application of geographic information systems (GIS) technology to scientific inquiry involving geospatial data. GIScience intersects with fields as diverse as epidemiology, urban studies, environmental science, criminal justice, public policy, business management, marketing, data science, etc. This course offers hands-on application of techniques for the capture, storage, processing, analysis, and communication of geospatial data Prerequisite(s): EGL 101 with a grade of C or higher and (any 200 level or higher GEO course, or MTH 110) all with a grade of C or higher and Junior Level Status.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (0,0,3)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 302 Remote Sensing

This course, including its required lab component, will explore some of the ways in which remote sensing systems provide geospatial information that is relevant, accurate, timely, accessible, available in an appropriate format, and cost-effective. Recent developments in Earth observation such as imaging radar, LiDAR and hyperspectral sensors are increasing the wealth of information that can be generated from remotely sensed data sources. As a consequence numerous new GIS applications that rely on advanced remotely sensed data sources have emerged at local, regional and global scales. Course will cover topics including; remote sensing principles, image acquisition, image analysis and GIS/Remote Sensing Applications. Prerequisite(s): (MTH 110 or MTH 116 or MTH 117 or MTH129) and (Junior-Level status or permission of the department chair) Corequisite(s): GIS 302L
• Level: 300
• Credits: 4 (3,3)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 303 GIS 303L GIS Science Lab

This course is a stand-alone lab that covers fundamental techniques used in GIScience, the application of geographic information systems (GIS) in scientific inquiry using geospatial data. This course will focus on GIScience for the analysis of data on natural phenomena, and the synthesis of environmental and social data to assess hazard, risk, and vulnerability. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110 with a grade of C or higher and Junior-Level standing
• Level: 300
• Credits: 1 (0,15)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 321 Geovisualization II

Maps can be powerful devices for communication, but also tools for exploration of relationships among social and physical processes manifesting in space. This course explores the history, science, and art of cartography. Students will use geographic information systems software to make reference and thematic maps. Students will apply principles of cartography, including the use of color, typography, and visual balance, to create maps which are informative, aesthetically pleasing, and ultimately convincing. Prerequisite(s): GIS 222
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 322 Geovisualization III

This course explores selected techniques for deploying interactive, internet-based geovisualizations using both proprietary and open-source platforms. The focus of this course is client-side technologies that integrate a variety of geospatial data services using standard protocols and APIs. This is a hands-on course where students apply both standard and emerging practices for effective and attractive communication of geospatial information to a variety of audiences. Prerequisite(s): GIS 222 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 331 Spatial Analysis I

This course will cover statistical techniques for the analysis of spatial data, including spatial cluster detection, factor analysis, ANOVA, and multivariate regression. Special attention will be paid to spatial sampling and spatial autocorrelation. Students will complete computer exercises using statistical software. In addition to standard data visualization techniques (boxplots, histograms, scatterplots), students will learn how to create basic statistical maps for geovisualization. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 332 Spatial Analysis II

This upper-level course integrates geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial data analysis, with a focus on quantitative and qualitative methods, procedures for research design, and interpretation of findings. Topics include identification of spatial patterns, hypothesis testing, effective use of statistics, and data correlation. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110, GEO 221 or GIS 222 or permission of department chair.
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 341 Geoprocessing I

This course introduces conceptual and practical aspects of programming for geographic applications. The main focus of this course is on developing a solid understanding of basic geoprocessing techniques including variables, looping, conditional statements, nesting, math, strings, and other concepts. Students in this course will develop a proficiency in applying these basic geoprocessing principles to manipulating spatial data sources within the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) environment. NOTE: This course are not substitutes for programming courses by the Computer Systems Department. Prerequisite(s): GIS 222 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 342 Geodatabase Management

GIS database management systems play an important role in domains that involve large and complex data with spatial references. This course is designed to give students an overview of GIS applications, an understanding of spatial and relational database concepts, and the practical experience of using GIS to solve real world problems. NOTE: This courses are not substitutes for programming courses by the Computer Systems Department. Prerequisite(s): GIS 222 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 351 GIS and Public Health

This course covers the uses of geographic information systems (GIS) in public health. Possible topics include access to health services, the spatial clustering of health events, analysis of environmental hazards, the effective visualization and communication of information derived from geospatial data, and the evidence-based formulation of public policy based on the analysis of geospatial data. Skills developed in this class can enhance existing professional capabilities, and provide a stronger foundation for research performed during graduate study. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110 with a grade of C or higher and Junior-Level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 352 GIS and Municipal Government

This course covers the uses of geographic information systems (GIS) in municipal government. Topics covered include the acquisition of municipal geospatial data from diverse sources, the processing of structured and unstructured data into usable GIS formats, basic analysis of geospatial data to answer frequently-asked questions, and the publication of effective visualizations of geospatial data. Students will develop fundamental skills used by GIS technicians working for municipal government, and those skills can be used to enhance existing professional capabilities, or provide a foundation for deeper study of GIS technology. Prerequisite(s): MTH 110 with a grade of C or higher and Junior-Level status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 391 GIS Practicum

This is an applied learning course where students will learn GIS skills and perform GIS tasks in coordination with one or more community partners. Under the direct guidance of a faculty member, students will work together to complete defined project based assignments. Students will gain entry-level GIS experience, develop soft skills useful in all lines of work, and build professional relationships. Prerequisite(s): GIS 222 with a grade of C or higher and instructor approval
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (0,0,6)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 300

## GIS 431 Spatial Analysis III

The course will tackle the problem of analyzing spatial data with the R programming language. Different types of spatial data will be covered, such as point patterns, lattice data and data coming from irregular measurements of continuous processes (geostatistics). In addition, different worked examples will be presented showing how to proceed with the analysis of a wide range of spatial data sets. The topics of the course will contain an introduction to various R packages for the analysis of spatial data. This includes data import/export, data management and visualization, and how to fit a broad range of models for spatial data. The worked examples will focus on particular real data sets from Epidemiology, Environmental Sciences, Ecology, Economics and others. Prerequisite(s): GIS 331 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 400

## GIS 432 Location Modeling and Analysis

This course covers issues and approaches in location analysis. Topics include location theory and models; representation issues; use of geographic information systems (GIS) for data preparation, analysis and display; evaluation of service areas; land use allocation; accessibility and location conflict; and implications for planning and public policy. Prerequisite(s): (GIS 301 or GIS 222) and GIS 331 all with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 400

## GIS 433 Mapping Applications of Drones

This course will serve as a catalyst for students to gain both a theoretical and practical understanding of the diverse applications of unmanned aerial systems (i.e. drones) within the broader framework of geospatial technology. This course will cover a wide variety of spatial data types that can be collected or derived using a drone with particular focus on data collection procedures, data processing, and analysis best practices. Key concepts covered include: mission planning and autonomous flight procedures, remotely sensed imagery acquisition and processing, structure from motion and principles of photogrammetry, point cloud data processing, elevation data and 30 model generation, and data quality considerations. Prerequisite(s): GIS 222 or GIS 302 with a grad of C or higher or permission of History, Politics and Geography Chair
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 400

## GIS 441 Geoprocessing II

This course is intended to facilitate the student’s aptitude in utilizing geographic data, geoprocessing and modeling, as well as increase student’s understanding of conceptual issues related to geospatial research and analysis. The topics covered in this course are geospatial automation, creation of raster and vector data; geospatial analytic models, and spatial statistics. This course also covers Python scripting for geoprocessing as flexible approach for the development of spatial models. Course materials will be presented through lectures, discussions of readings, and demonstrations. NOTE: This course is not a substitute for programming courses by the Computer Systems Department. Prerequisite(s): GIS 341 with a grade of C or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 400

## GIS 491 Senior Seminar in GIS

Students integrate their knowledge of human and physical geography, as well as geographic techniques, to propose solutions to real-world problems. Students gain experience in working in small groups and in written and oral presentation of project results, and will be evaluated with respect to the skills acquired in their degree program. Topics may include, but are not limited to, issues such as sustainable development in rural communities, global and regional food and energy distribution, quantifying and analyzing global or regional indicators of environmental and/or societal trends. Prerequisite(s): Senior status and any 300 level GEO course.
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 400

## GIS 492 Internship in GIS

This internship course will provide students the opportunity to gain hands on experience and knowledge with using geospatial technologies. This internship consists of a structured on and/or off-campus experience in a supervised setting that is related to the student’s major and career interests. Practical experience is combined with scholarly research under the guidance of geography faculty and the entity providing the internship opportunity. At the end of the internship the student should have more of the necessary skills to help translate their chosen degree into a job, as well as a better understanding of how this degree relates to society. Prerequisite(s): Approval by Program Director or Student’s Dept. Chair
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS 400

## GPH 103 Technical Drafting

This is a traditional manual drafting course including orthographic projection, dimensioning, auxiliary projection and pictorial representation. Emphasis will be placed on drafting techniques including lettering, line quality, accuracy and appearance.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (0,3)
COMPUTING GRAPHICS 100

## GPH 104 Introduction to Computer Graphics

This is a laboratory course to provide basic understanding and skills in the College's computer graphics CAD software. Students will learn how to run Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) software on PC's to produce mechanical drawings. They will be taught commands and concepts, and develop the skills required. Some of the topics covered include: setup, drawing, erasing, saving, printing, lines, geometric construction, object snap, text, editing and basic dimensioning.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 1 (0,2)
COMPUTING GRAPHICS 100

## GRO 100 Introduction to Gerontology

This course provides introductory topics in gerontology, including physical, mental, and social aspects associated with aging. It shows the interactions of various types of aging and describes the pathological developments that affect many older people. The course focuses on diversity in the older population. Topics include differing behaviors, traditions, and attitudes among aging. There will be an emphasis on how society is changed when the aging portion of the population increases rapidly.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERONTOLOGY 100

## GRO 300 Biology of Aging

This course involves an examination of the physical changes associated with the aging process and aging body. Knowledge and understanding of these processes are important because these physical changes also affect social, psychological, economic, and other aspects of the aging process. The importance of the topic is based on the growing number of older adults in our communities as well as our increased longevity. Each organ system will be discussed with a focus on age related diseases, conditions, and dysfunction. Prerequisites: BIO 123 Human Body and Health
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERONTOLOGY 300

## GRO 310 Nutrition of Aging

This course covers concepts of nutrition directed towards improving nutritional status and health among older adults. Course material addresses key issues facing the field of geriatric nutrition, among a variety of contexts, with an eye to recommendations on improving nutrition programs and status among older adults. Federal, state, and community programs involving nutrition among older adults are reviewed and analyzed. This course is designed to provide entry level nutrition training for professionals to assist the growing aging population in maintaining a healthy quality of life. Prerequisites: BIO 125 or NTR 110
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERONTOLOGY 300

## GRO 320 Caregiving

This course takes a comprehensive look at what is known about problems and issues caregivers face, caregiving tasks, caregiver appraisals of the situation, caregiver burden, and the psychosocial, health, social, and work consequences of caregiving. Of particular importance are the cultural, familial, and societal implications of caregiving for older adults. The course also will explore long-term care facilities, including nursing homes and assistant-living facilities. Prerequisites: Junior Status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERONTOLOGY 300

## GRO 330 Public Policy and Aging

This course addresses the impacts of national age-based and age-related policy and programs such as Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, American with Disabilities Act, the Older Americans Act, and the Affordable Care Act. In addition, it examines the implementation of these programs in state and local settings, where implications are tangible for vulnerable groups such as low-income and frail older people and their families. Policy challenges of issues such as Alzheimer’s, long-term care, housing, caregiving, transportation, nutrition, research funding, and disease prevention are discussed. Although the focus is on the United States, there will be opportunities for students to explore aging policies in international settings. Prerequisites: Junior Status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,3)
GERONTOLOGY 300

## GRO 340 Gender and Aging

The course will focus on dominant gender paradigms and ways in which gender contributes to the differential structuring of health experiences for women, men and gender minorities. The course will incorporate historical, theoretical and empirical perspectives to explore the relationship between gender, aging, and health in America and other countries. It also explores the relationship at the intersection of class, ethnicity and sexuality, and throughout the course of life. Prerequisites: Junior Status
• Level: 300
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERONTOLOGY 300

## GRO 410 Health Care Insurance

This course explores the history, structure and likely future trends of health insurance in the U.S. The course includes policy analyses, availability, costs, and limitations in regard to the health insurance needs of the elderly. It provides an in-depth overview of the basic features of private health insurance: including operational challenges and requirements, to cost and quality controls. In addition, the course discusses financial and political challenges to continued viability of Medicare and Medicaid. Several comparisons are provided to international systems as a means for better understanding the unique aspects of the American system. Prerequisite(s): Junior status and GRO100 Introduction to Gerontology
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERONTOLOGY 400

## GRO 420 Long-Term Care Administration

This course presents principles of nursing home management and assisted living services which examines administrative and staffing functions relating to clients, community, public policy, programming and financing. It provides a solid foundation in the operational functioning of long-term care facilities in the United States. The health care environment and the health care system are examined to determine how they impact long-term care administration. Both the long-term private and public sectors of health care organization are overviewed. Multiple long-term health care delivery systems are explored as to what they can offer the elderly and special needs populations. Prerequisite(s): HPW 435
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERONTOLOGY 400

## GRO 430 Communication and Aging

This course approaches gerontology from a communication perspective. Attention is devoted to the ways in which communication sustains and deteriorates group collaboration among local, national, and global communities. Through central theories of communication there is recognition that aging is not just an individual process, but also an interactive and intergenerational process. Gerontology 430 shows that communication processes define, form, maintain, and dissolve all social relationships for all age groups. Further, this course gives insight into advertising/marketing communications geared toward the increasing senior population in the United States. Prerequisite(s): EGL 101
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERONTOLOGY 400

## GRO 440 Cultural Diversity and Aging

This course provides an overview of diversity in aging through a multidisciplinary approach. Cultural Diversity & Aging explores key gerontological concepts, examines current applicable research, and summarizes important policies concerning the senior population. Within historical context this course separates gerontologic contributions from several disciplines (sociology, psychology, demography, and public policy). Cultural Diversity & Aging challenges students to consider complex issues of aging and their unique impact on diverse aged populations. Additionally, it examines the diversity among seniors in such complex areas as; ethnic origin, education, income, health status, health beliefs and their individual relation to the health care industry. Prerequisites: GRO 300 with a grade of C- or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERONTOLOGY 400

## GRO 450 Health Care Law

Health care is one of the most regulated sectors of our economy. This course examines the overlapping layers of federal, state and local jurisdiction to better understand health care law. It specifies the law as it relates to health administration and long-term care management. The course critically examines ethical dilemmas and the law associated with elder rights and long-term care facilities from multiple points of view. With the increasing intersection between health care delivery and the law, health care managers encounter a wide range of legal and regulatory issues, including patients’ rights, institutional liability, and employee relations. Prerequisite(s): Senior Status
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
GERONTOLOGY 400

## GRO 460 Internship in Gerontology

In this course students have the opportunity to gain hands on experience in a professional setting. It is oriented towards professional development that builds skills and abilities related to job-seeking, and career. The focus is on development of professional tools including portfolios, resumes, interviewing skills, and relevant certifications. The field experience is individualized based on the career interests of the student and the specific needs of the organization. Field experience proposals must be presented and approved prior to registration for the course. Prerequisite(s): Senior Status, Program GPA 2.75 minimum, HPW 435 with a grade of C- or higher
• Level: 400
• Credits: 3 (1,0,6)
GERONTOLOGY 400

## HIS 114 Western Civilization I

A brief survey from ancient Greece and Rome up to 1789, followed by extensive treatment of the ascendancy of early modern Western civilization, together with its social, economic, and political revolutions, from 1500 through the Napoleonic era. NOTE: Students completing HIS 114 and HIS 115 or HIS 115D may not receive credit for HIS 126.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 115 Western Civilization II

Traces the spread of Western civilization and the development of the modern world by examining the impact of the forces of romanticism, nationalism, industrialism, and intellectual creativity. Note: Students completing HIS 114 and HIS 115 may not receive credit for HIS 126.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 117 World Civilization I

A survey of major non-Western civilizations and their interaction with one another, as well as with the European West from antiquity through the Early Modern Period. The course will explore ancient polytheistic traditions, the foundations of major world religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam), and the rise of Christianity as a global faith. It will also address non-Western social, political, and economic systems in East Asia, South Asia, the Muslim World, Sub-Saharan Africa, and pre-Columbian America. Note: Students completing HIS 117 and HIS 118 may not receive credit for HIS 126.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 118 World Civilization II

A survey of the developing world and its interaction with the West since 1700, the course will explore the chaotic effects of the non-Western world's interaction with European imperial powers, the United States, and Soviet Union, focusing on social, economic, cultural, and political change in East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America. The major themes of the course will center on imperialism, nationalism, modernization, the World Wars, and the Cold War. Note: Students completing HIS 117 and HIS 118 may not receive credit for HIS 126.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 121 U.S. History to Reconstruction

A discussion of the development of the United States from its English origins through Reconstruction, this course shows how a new civilization arose out of revolution, independence, new governmental institutions, and equalitarianism, and illustrating the results of the westward movement, and the causes and consequences of the Civil War. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for HIS 125.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 122 U.S. History Since Reconstruction

A historical evaluation of American society, assessing Reconstruction, immigration, the nature of imperialism, progressivism, World War I and II, the Cold War, and contemporary American life. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for HIS 125.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 127 Sports in American History

This course examines the rise and evolution of sports through an analysis of the narrative of American history from its origins to the present. It provides an exploration of sports history through the historical periodization of American history surveys—from the indigenous Native American tribes of colonial America, to the formation of the Revolutionary and early National eras, to industrialization and reform of the late 19th century, to the emergence of modern and postmodern America, and to the globalizing 21st century. This course gives students a broad understanding of the interplay of race, class, gender, ethnicity and religion in the American experience and of American sports through the use of secondary and primary sources, both written and visual, including documentary and fictive representational texts.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 130 African American HIS to 1865

This course examines the history of African Americans in the United States from their African origins to the Civil War and emancipation through primary and secondary readings and visual and aural texts. It focuses on the ways that African Americans established their own cultures and worlds as they resisted and opposed various forms of oppression, including slavery, segregation, dispossession and disfranchisement. It provides students with an understanding of their key struggles for freedom, equality, community, power, and identity, including those related to gender and class, and of their integrative and alternative political, economic and social visions and institutions.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 131 African American History Since 1865

This course explores African American history from the end of the Civil War to the present by engaging wide-ranging issues, debates and topics that have shaped African American experiences since emancipation. Students will examine the struggles by African Americans to exert power over their own images and identities within a white power structure, to establish and define national leadership and institutions, to develop and implement protest strategies, to achieve their social, economic and political objectives, to redress economic inequality, and to express black cultural styles. In the process, the course will concentrate on African American agency, including the nature of both their resistance and oppression, and centrality of African Americans to shaping American history.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 132 The Myth of the Great American Melting Pot

1920-1945 saw an exponential and unexpected change in American history and helped to redefine the American government and its policies. Within these 25 years, America experienced a paradox of the great wealth and prosperity, and prohibition of the roaring 20s to the stock market crash and the Great Depression of the 1930s, to the recovery of the New Deaf programs and redefining governmental oversight by creating the new welfare state to the onset of the Greatest Generation stemming from World War Il, rebounding to great prosperity. This course will also focus on minorities, the KKK, closing the doors to immigration, and the effect of the time period on women and African Americans in particular. This course looks at the causes, effects, policies, and intended and unintended consequences of this 25-year time period, how it affected both the American people as a whole and the American government, how it affected American culture, and how it redefined the American Dream.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 160 Exploitation and Sexploitation in World History

This class examines the historical connections between economic, political and socially marginalized groups and the sexual exploitation that these groups encountered within the wider framework of modern world history. Specifically, it will examine, connect and compare the slave trade, colonialism and the Holocaust and work to highlight the agency of peoples to contest their oppression. It also will investigate how women were sexually abused, raped or otherwise targeted and the significance of interracial intimate relations. Student(s) will also study and analyze the similarities, differences, and contradictions that characterize histories of economic, social and sexual exploitation as they have unfolded in different contexts; time periods; geographical locations; and racial and gendered configurations. Students will gain a deeper understanding of how race, sexuality, gender, and class intersected in ways that significantly shaped the history of the modern world.
• Level: 100
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 100

## HIS 200 Introduction to Historical Methods

The purpose of this course is to provide an introduction to historical methods, including how to research historical events, evaluate sources, properly use citations, produce bibliographies, and write about history. The course also focuses on the teaching of history, including effective pedagogical methodologies, the debate over "political correctness," the use of primary sources, employing technology and visual media in the classroom, and how to address issues such as plagiarism. The course may also include an optional historiography component (at the discretion of the instructor), which will focus on a particular historical period and/or geographic region, with the aim of exposing students to breadth and width of historical approaches. Prerequisite(s): EGL 102
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 200

## HIS 201 Modern African History

This course explores African experiences in a historical perspective and focus on the periods before, during, and after European colonization of the continent. The class will highlight the varied and constructive ways that African people interacted with the rest of the world, starting with the slave trade and continuing through the present day. It will also demonstrate how Africans have created viable political systems, shaped new forms of democracy and popular participation, developed new forms of environmental preservation and resolved tragic conflicts-thus not focusing on the continent only as a place of crisis, starvation and atrocities but demonstrate the resiliency and determination of African people.
• Level: 200
• Credits: 3 (3,0)
HISTORY 200

## HIS 210 America and the World

This course examines the changing role of the United States in global affairs and its consequences for American society from 1860 to the present. During this period, the