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ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN II

Project 2: Addition to an Existing Order

An addition to an existing order, "requires first that the ordering system of the prior or prototypical model be perceived and understood so that, through a series of finite changes and permutations, the original design concept can be clarified, strengthened, and built upon, rather than destroyed."

Francis D.K. Ching, Architecture: Form, Space & Order

PROGRAM:
The Smith Family has commissioned you to design an addition to their house on the shore of Long Island Sound. The original house, designed in 1965 by architect Richard Meier, has been widely published and is internationally known. Unfortunately, the Owners needs have change since the original design, thereby warranting this architectural intervention. The Owner specifically request that the integrity of the original design be respected, yet the new addition should have its own presence.

REQUIREMENTS:

  1. Master Suite, (duplex arrangement)
    • Master Bedroom, 200 S.F.
    • Master Bath, 80 S.F.
    • Walk-in-closets, as required
    • Exercise Room, 180 S.F. (not on same floor as bedroom)
  2. Family Room, 300 S.F.
  3. Formal Outdoor Area, 300 S.F. (i.e. deck, roof garden, etc.)

 

METHOD/PROCESS OF DESIGN

IDEA FORMATION    =>     DIAGRAM     =>     3-D ARCH.

IDEA FORMATION:

PROGRAM (NEED)

  • list of room area requirements needed

NARRATIVE (VALUE)

  • story
  • rank / hierarchy
  • sort

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS (EXISTING PATTERNS):

  • EXISTING 3-D ARCH  => SYSTEMS DIAGRAMS  =>  UNDERSTAND CONTEXT
  • Incorporate into idea formation
  • Becomes the reverse of the design process

ANALYSIS OF SYSTEM DIAGRAMS:

  • circulation
  • hierarchy
  • enclosure
  • structure
  • additive and subtractive
  • mass/void
  • function

CONCEPTUAL ANALOGIES FOR ADDING ON

  • Joint
  • Hinge
  • Reveal
  • Peg
  • Chord/Bridge (WEAK)
  • Shift
  • Geometric proportions
  • Geometric rotations
  • Flush or Butt Joint (AVOID)

How does one add on without destroying the existing building or replicating an outdated building?

SYSTEMS TO EXTRUDE INTO NEW ADDITION (interlocking fingers analogy)

  • extrude 2 or 3 systems / patterns into the new addition
  • extend systems and patterns into the existing building

 

Bibliography: Francis Ching, Architecture: Form, Space & Order

PROCEDURE
WEEK ONE: Teams:

  1. Analytical diagrams of systems:
    1. circulation
    2. hierarchy
    3. enclosure
    4. structure
    5. additive and subtractive
    6. mass/void
    7. function
  2. Convert drawings to CAD
    1. Lower, entry and upper levels
    2. Site Plan
    3. Elevations, all four

WEEK TWO: Individual:

  1. Sketch model of existing
  2. Preliminary design:
    1. diagrams and ideas

WEEK THREE:

  1. Floor plans, elevations, axonometric
  2. Layout web page

WEEK FOUR:

Presentation Requirements

Contextual Fit:  Analysis & Design of Adding on

Project Due date: __________ at 12:15 PM on the WEB

Internet Presentation format:

Contextual analysis

  • Existing building systems (6+ diagrams)


Conceptual Ideas

  • Hierarchy (from narrative, rank and sort) & Meta Idea (if needed)
  • Conceptual connecting analogy (2-D & 3-D sketches)
  • Existing systems to be used or extruded into new building
  • Proportion out new functions
  • New Systems to be brought into existing building


Preliminary Designs
            3-D ideas (as needed)

Final Design
            Plans (3)
            Elevations (4)
            3-D exterior (4)
            3-D interior (2)
            Section (2) new + existing (an Auto CAD command does this automatically)
            Animation (2) (if needed showing new with existing)

Please do not show only the new addition without the existing context (includes building & site)!

All students must present a project from their website as part of the submission.  No late projects accepted! 

 

 

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