Medical Laboratory Technology


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Course Descriptions

MLT105-Medical Laboratory Techniques
This course introduces the students to the professional and technical responsibilities of the Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT). Professional topics include hospital and laboratory organization, legal and ethical issues, certification and licensure, and communication. Preliminary topics in the major technical areas of laboratory science (Microbiology, Immunology/ Serology, Hematology, Immunohematology, and Clinical Chemistry) are explored. The course also includes instruction and practice in medical terminology and phlebotomy techniques.
(1,2) 2 credits Fall

A study of hemopoiesis and the formed elements of blood, under normal and abnormal conditions. The theory and practice of the blood count as a diagnostic tool is presented. The process of hemostasis and thrombosis are studied and tested in the laboratory. Finger puncture and venipuncture are utilized to obtain specimens for study by manual and automated procedures. The significance of quality control is emphasized and normal and abnormal findings are related to a quality control program.
Prerequisites: MLT105, BIO130, BIO166, CHM152/153, or Department approval.
(3,3) 4 credits Fall

MLT227-Immunology and Serology
This course includes the study of the body's immune mechanisms and the clinical testing methods used to evaluate the immune system. The chemical properties and physiological behavior of antigens, immunoglobulins, and complement are considered in detail along with the cellular interactions necessary for proper function of the immune system. Serological diagnostic procedures in the laboratory include performance and interpretation of tests for a variety of immune disorders and infectious diseases.
Prerequisites: BIO130,CHM152 or Depart. Approval
Co-requisites: BIO166,CHM153 or Depart. Approval
(2,2) 3 credits Spring

MLT228- Immunohematology (Blood Banking)
Blood banking theory and practice are integrated in this course. Topics included are basic genetics, blood collection and preservation, blood group antigens and routine blood bank procedures. Transfusion safety and federal regulatory requirements are also covered. Compatibility testing and antibody identification are emphasized. Guest lecturers may speak on current topics and field trips to local blood banks shall be arranged.
Prerequisites: MLT 227
(3,3) 4 credits Spring

MLT235-Special Topics in Laboratory Science I
Special topics in Laboratory Science is designed to allow a student to obtain skills and knowledge in certain specialized areas of the laboratory. The course is designed primarily as an off-campus internship or laboratory mini-research project. The student may select a rotation in Histology, Cytology, Computers, Point of Care Testing, Toxicology, Special Chemistry, Special Microbiology, Immunology or any laboratory rotation/project that is of interest to the student and is approved by the Department. Specific offerings in Special Topics in Laboratory Science I (MLT 235) and Special Topics in Laboratory Science II (MLT 236) will be announced by the Department and will vary semester to semester. The credits assigned may vary from one to four.
Prerequisite: Two MLT courses and Permission of the Department Chairperson.
(0,3-12) 1-4 credits. Electiv

MLT236 Special Topics in Laboratory Science II
A student may enroll in this course in different topic areas. Thus a student may first complete Special Topics in Laboratory Science I and then complete Special Topics in Laboratory Science II.
Prerequisite: Two MLT courses and Permission of the Dept. Chairperson
(0-3-12) 1-4 Credits Elective

MLT242-Clinical Practice
Renal Physiology in normal and abnormal states is studied. Routine urinalysis and special tests are discussed and performed. Laboratory testing of body fluids is also discussed, including cerebrospinal, synovial, pleural, and seminal fluid. The laboratory is configured as a simulated clinical laboratory during the second half of the semester to familiarize the students with the work flow of a typical laboratory setting. Quality assurance and quality control, communication skills, and the responsibilities of various laboratory personnel are stressed during the simulated laboratory.
Prerequisite: MLT223 or Department approval.
(1,2) 2 credits Spring

MLT243-Clinical Chemistry
The course covers the analysis of blood, urine and spinal fluid with emphasis on the theory and performance of a broad spectrum of clinical procedures. The major topics covered in both the laboratory and lecture, include electrolytes, acid base equilibrium, glucose, uric acid, creatinine, serum proteins, bilirubin, and enzymes. The reasons for increased or decreased levels of these blood components will be discussed. Major diseases such as diabetes, gout, uremia, jaundice and others are discussed in relationship to the laboratory findings. Chemical analyses are performed using manual techniques such as spectrophotometry, electrophoresis, enzyme assay, and semi-automated benchtop analyzers.
Prerequisites: BIO166 CHM152/153, MTH110 or Department approval
(3,3) 4 credits. Fall

MLT 245 Special Clinical Chemistry
Special Clinical Chemistry concentrates on the following areas: Clinical endocrinology (thyroid and steroid hormones and the catecholamines) therapeutic drug monitoring, and toxicology. Methodology and analytical techniques in these areas of Special Clinical Chemistry will be described. Additional topics included are vitamins, tumor markers, pancreatic and gastrointestinal function, Porphyrins, porphyrias, hemoglobin, and myoglobin.
Prerequisite: MLT243 or Department approval
(2,0) 2 credits. Spring

MLT257-Clinical Microbiology I
This course discusses the medically important yeasts and fungi, and the medically important protozoa and metazoa. In addition, the major groups of bacteria that are emphasized include the Mycobacteria, Rickettsia, Chlamydia, Legionella, and Gardnerella. Clinically important human viruses are also covered. The laboratory emphasis is on the identification of the protozoa, metazoa, yeast and, fungi. The acid fast stain and sputum concentration for mycobacteria are performed. In addition, the laboratory covers cultures, antibiotic testing and some standard microbiology techniques.
Prerequisite: MLT105 or department approval
(2,3) 3 credits Fall

MLT258-Clinical Microbiology II
The principles of general microbiology including cell structure and function, antibiotic action, and microbial growth are discussed. The role of the clinically important bacteria in infectious disease will be explored. The lecture emphasizes the Staphylococci, Streptococci, Neisseria, Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas (nonfermenters) and Anaerobes, Hemophilus, Brucella, Bordetella, Francisella, Pasteurella, Corynebacterium, Listeria, Erysipelothrix, Bacillus, and miscellaneous bacteria such as the Spirochetes and Spirals. The course emphasizes the identification of microorganisms through biochemical and serological procedures. The major groups covered include the laboratory include the Staphylococci, Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas, Anaerobes, Hemophilus. Each student will receive unknown bacteria to identify.
Prerequisite: MLT257 or Department approval
(3,3) 4 credits Spring

MLT 255 Practicum in Medical Technology
Students practice clinical skills at local cooperating hospital or private laboratories under the guidance of bench technologists. They are evaluated by the person in charge of the laboratory section and the faculty member assigned to the course. Students rotate through the following clinical areas: Hematology, Coagulation, Urinalysis, Serology/Immunology, Blood Bank, Microbiology and Clinical Chemistry.
Prerequisites: open only to students who have completed MLT105, 227, 228, 223, 242, 243, 245, 257, 258, or Department approval.
(0,12)4 credits Summer